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Full text of Trump’s executive order on 7-nation ban, refugee suspension

(CNN)President Donald Trump on Friday banned nationals of seven Muslim-majority countries from entering the United States for at least the next 90 days by executive order.

The order bars all people hailing from Iraq, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen. Those countries were named in a 2016 law concerning immigration visas as “countries of concern.”
The executive order also bans entry of those fleeing from war-torn Syria indefinitely.
Trump also has stopped the admission of all refugees to the United States for four months.
The order also calls for a review into suspending the Visa Interview Waiver Program, which allows travelers from 38 countries — including close allies — to renew travel authorizations without an in-person interview.
Here is the order in its entirety:
Trump’s immigration order: Which countries are affected?
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Syria
  • Sudan
  • Libya
  • Yemen
  • Somalia
PROTECTING THE NATION FROM FOREIGN TERRORIST ENTRY INTO THE UNITED STATES
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, including the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq., and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, and to protect the American people from terrorist attacks by foreign nationals admitted to the United States, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Purpose. The visa-issuance process plays a crucial role in detecting individuals with terrorist ties and stopping them from entering the United States. Perhaps in no instance was that more apparent than the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, when State Department policy prevented consular officers from properly scrutinizing the visa applications of several of the 19 foreign nationals who went on to murder nearly 3,000 Americans. And while the visa-issuance process was reviewed and amended after the September 11 attacks to better detect would-be terrorists from receiving visas, these measures did not stop attacks by foreign nationals who were admitted to the United States.
Numerous foreign-born individuals have been convicted or implicated in terrorism-related crimes since September 11, 2001, including foreign nationals who entered the United States after receiving visitor, student, or employment visas, or who entered through the United States refugee resettlement program. Deteriorating conditions in certain countries due to war, strife, disaster, and civil unrest increase the likelihood that terrorists will use any means possible to enter the United States. The United States must be vigilant during the visa-issuance process to ensure that those approved for admission do not intend to harm Americans and that they have no ties to terrorism.
The ban and its impact
  • 134 million banned from US
    • What the ban says: The full text
  • What to know about the restrictions
  • Legal battle begins
  • The ban’s Christian focus
  • A family’s plight just got more complicated
  • Bergen: Trump’s big mistake
  • All of Trump’s executive orders, memos and proclamations
  • Comparing Trump to previous presidents
In order to protect Americans, the United States must ensure that those admitted to this country do not bear hostile attitudes toward it and its founding principles. The United States cannot, and should not, admit those who do not support the Constitution, or those who would place violent ideologies over American law. In addition, the United States should not admit those who engage in acts of bigotry or hatred (including “honor” killings, other forms of violence against women, or the persecution of those who practice religions different from their own) or those who would oppress Americans of any race, gender, or sexual orientation.
Sec. 2. Policy. It is the policy of the United States to protect its citizens from foreign nationals who intend to commit terrorist attacks in the United States; and to prevent the admission of foreign nationals who intend to exploit United States immigration laws for malevolent purposes.
Sec. 3. Suspension of Issuance of Visas and Other Immigration Benefits to Nationals of Countries of Particular Concern. (a) The Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Director of National Intelligence, shall immediately conduct a review to determine the information needed from any country to adjudicate any visa, admission, or other benefit under the INA (adjudications) in order to determine that the individual seeking the benefit is who the individual claims to be and is not a security or public-safety threat.
(b) The Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Director of National Intelligence, shall submit to the President a report on the results of the review described in subsection (a) of this section, including the Secretary of Homeland Security’s determination of the information needed for adjudications and a list of countries that do not provide adequate information, within 30 days of the date of this order. The Secretary of Homeland Security shall provide a copy of the report to the Secretary of State and the Director of National Intelligence.
Executive orders: Read more
  • All of Trump’s executive orders, memos and proclamations
  • Will the orders and actions stick?
  • How Trump’s actions stack up against previous presidents
  • What Trump can and cannot do
  • What’s the difference between and order and action?
(c) To temporarily reduce investigative burdens on relevant agencies during the review period described in subsection (a) of this section, to ensure the proper review and maximum utilization of available resources for the screening of foreign nationals, and to ensure that adequate standards are established to prevent infiltration by foreign terrorists or criminals, pursuant to section 212(f) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1182(f), I hereby proclaim that the immigrant and nonimmigrant entry into the United States of aliens from countries referred to in section 217(a)(12) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1187(a)(12), would be detrimental to the interests of the United States, and I hereby suspend entry into the United States, as immigrants and nonimmigrants, of such persons for 90 days from the date of this order (excluding those foreign nationals traveling on diplomatic visas, North Atlantic Treaty Organization visas, C-2 visas for travel to the United Nations, and G-1, G-2, G-3, and G-4 visas).
(d) Immediately upon receipt of the report described in subsection (b) of this section regarding the information needed for adjudications, the Secretary of State shall request all foreign governments that do not supply such information to start providing such information regarding their nationals within 60 days of notification.
(e) After the 60-day period described in subsection (d) of this section expires, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the President a list of countries recommended for inclusion on a Presidential proclamation that would prohibit the entry of foreign nationals (excluding those foreign nationals traveling on diplomatic visas, North Atlantic Treaty Organization visas, C-2 visas for travel to the United Nations, and G-1, G-2, G-3, and G-4 visas) from countries that do not provide the information requested pursuant to subsection (d) of this section until compliance occurs.
(f) At any point after submitting the list described in subsection (e) of this section, the Secretary of State or the Secretary of Homeland Security may submit to the President the names of any additional countries recommended for similar treatment.
(g) Notwithstanding a suspension pursuant to subsection (c) of this section or pursuant to a Presidential proclamation described in subsection (e) of this section, the Secretaries of State and Homeland Security may, on a case-by-case basis, and when in the national interest, issue visas or other immigration benefits to nationals of countries for which visas and benefits are otherwise blocked.
(h) The Secretaries of State and Homeland Security shall submit to the President a joint report on the progress in implementing this order within 30 days of the date of this order, a second report within 60 days of the date of this order, a third report within 90 days of the date of this order, and a fourth report within 120 days of the date of this order.
Sec. 4. Implementing Uniform Screening Standards for All Immigration Programs. (a) The Secretary of State, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Director of National Intelligence, and the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall implement a program, as part of the adjudication process for immigration benefits, to identify individuals seeking to enter the United States on a fraudulent basis with the intent to cause harm, or who are at risk of causing harm subsequent to their admission. This program will include the development of a uniform screening standard and procedure, such as in-person interviews; a database of identity documents proffered by applicants to ensure that duplicate documents are not used by multiple applicants; amended application forms that include questions aimed at identifying fraudulent answers and malicious intent; a mechanism to ensure that the applicant is who the applicant claims to be; a process to evaluate the applicant’s likelihood of becoming a positively contributing member of society and the applicant’s ability to make contributions to the national interest; and a mechanism to assess whether or not the applicant has the intent to commit criminal or terrorist acts after entering the United States.
(b) The Secretary of Homeland Security, in conjunction with the Secretary of State, the Director of National Intelligence, and the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, shall submit to the President an initial report on the progress of this directive within 60 days of the date of this order, a second report within 100 days of the date of this order, and a third report within 200 days of the date of this order.
Sec. 5. Realignment of the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program for Fiscal Year 2017. (a) The Secretary of State shall suspend the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP) for 120 days. During the 120-day period, the Secretary of State, in conjunction with the Secretary of Homeland Security and in consultation with the Director of National Intelligence, shall review the USRAP application and adjudication process to determine what additional procedures should be taken to ensure that those approved for refugee admission do not pose a threat to the security and welfare of the United States, and shall implement such additional procedures. Refugee applicants who are already in the USRAP process may be admitted upon the initiation and completion of these revised procedures. Upon the date that is 120 days after the date of this order, the Secretary of State shall resume USRAP admissions only for nationals of countries for which the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Director of National Intelligence have jointly determined that such additional procedures are adequate to ensure the security and welfare of the United States.
(b) Upon the resumption of USRAP admissions, the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, is further directed to make changes, to the extent permitted by law, to prioritize refugee claims made by individuals on the basis of religious-based persecution, provided that the religion of the individual is a minority religion in the individual’s country of nationality. Where necessary and appropriate, the Secretaries of State and Homeland Security shall recommend legislation to the President that would assist with such prioritization.
(c) Pursuant to section 212(f) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1182(f), I hereby proclaim that the entry of nationals of Syria as refugees is detrimental to the interests of the United States and thus suspend any such entry until such time as I have determined that sufficient changes have been made to the USRAP to ensure that admission of Syrian refugees is consistent with the national interest.
(d) Pursuant to section 212(f) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1182(f), I hereby proclaim that the entry of more than 50,000 refugees in fiscal year 2017 would be detrimental to the interests of the United States, and thus suspend any such entry until such time as I determine that additional admissions would be in the national interest.
(e) Notwithstanding the temporary suspension imposed pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, the Secretaries of State and Homeland Security may jointly determine to admit individuals to the United States as refugees on a case-by-case basis, in their discretion, but only so long as they determine that the admission of such individuals as refugees is in the national interest — including when the person is a religious minority in his country of nationality facing religious persecution, when admitting the person would enable the United States to conform its conduct to a preexisting international agreement, or when the person is already in transit and denying admission would cause undue hardship — and it would not pose a risk to the security or welfare of the United States.
(f) The Secretary of State shall submit to the President an initial report on the progress of the directive in subsection (b) of this section regarding prioritization of claims made by individuals on the basis of religious-based persecution within 100 days of the date of this order and shall submit a second report within 200 days of the date of this order.
(g) It is the policy of the executive branch that, to the extent permitted by law and as practicable, State and local jurisdictions be granted a role in the process of determining the placement or settlement in their jurisdictions of aliens eligible to be admitted to the United States as refugees. To that end, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall examine existing law to determine the extent to which, consistent with applicable law, State and local jurisdictions may have greater involvement in the process of determining the placement or resettlement of refugees in their jurisdictions, and shall devise a proposal to lawfully promote such involvement.
Sec. 6. Rescission of Exercise of Authority Relating to the Terrorism Grounds of Inadmissibility. The Secretaries of State and Homeland Security shall, in consultation with the Attorney General, consider rescinding the exercises of authority in section 212 of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1182, relating to the terrorism grounds of inadmissibility, as well as any related implementing memoranda.
Sec. 7. Expedited Completion of the Biometric Entry-Exit Tracking System. (a) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall expedite the completion and implementation of a biometric entry-exit tracking system for all travelers to the United States, as recommended by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States.
(b) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit to the President periodic reports on the progress of the directive contained in subsection (a) of this section. The initial report shall be submitted within 100 days of the date of this order, a second report shall be submitted within 200 days of the date of this order, and a third report shall be submitted within 365 days of the date of this order. Further, the Secretary shall submit a report every 180 days thereafter until the system is fully deployed and operational.
Sec. 8. Visa Interview Security. (a) The Secretary of State shall immediately suspend the Visa Interview Waiver Program and ensure compliance with section 222 of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1222, which requires that all individuals seeking a nonimmigrant visa undergo an in-person interview, subject to specific statutory exceptions.
(b) To the extent permitted by law and subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary of State shall immediately expand the Consular Fellows Program, including by substantially increasing the number of Fellows, lengthening or making permanent the period of service, and making language training at the Foreign Service Institute available to Fellows for assignment to posts outside of their area of core linguistic ability, to ensure that non-immigrant visa-interview wait times are not unduly affected.
Sec. 9. Visa Validity Reciprocity. The Secretary of State shall review all nonimmigrant visa reciprocity agreements to ensure that they are, with respect to each visa classification, truly reciprocal insofar as practicable with respect to validity period and fees, as required by sections 221(c) and 281 of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1201(c) and 1351, and other treatment. If a country does not treat United States nationals seeking nonimmigrant visas in a reciprocal manner, the Secretary of State shall adjust the visa validity period, fee schedule, or other treatment to match the treatment of United States nationals by the foreign country, to the extent practicable.
Sec. 10. Transparency and Data Collection. (a) To be more transparent with the American people, and to more effectively implement policies and practices that serve the national interest, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Attorney General, shall, consistent with applicable law and national security, collect and make publicly available within 180 days, and every 180 days thereafter:
(i) information regarding the number of foreign nationals in the United States who have been charged with terrorism-related offenses while in the United States; convicted of terrorism-related offenses while in the United States; or removed from the United States based on terrorism-related activity, affiliation, or material support to a terrorism-related organization, or any other national security reasons since the date of this order or the last reporting period, whichever is later;
(ii) information regarding the number of foreign nationals in the United States who have been radicalized after entry into the United States and engaged in terrorism-related acts, or who have provided material support to terrorism-related organizations in countries that pose a threat to the United States, since the date of this order or the last reporting period, whichever is later; and
(iii) information regarding the number and types of acts of gender-based violence against women, including honor killings, in the United States by foreign nationals, since the date of this order or the last reporting period, whichever is later; and
(iv) any other information relevant to public safety and security as determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Attorney General, including information on the immigration status of foreign nationals charged with major offenses.
(b) The Secretary of State shall, within one year of the date of this order, provide a report on the estimated long-term costs of the USRAP at the Federal, State, and local levels.
Sec. 11. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:
(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or the head thereof; or
(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.
(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.
(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
DONALD J. TRUMP
THE WHITE HOUSE, January 27, 2017
posted by Gheremew Araghaw

Ethiopia: Another T-TPLF White Elephant for Sale? By Prof. Al Mariam

Is the T-TPLF setting up the “Ethiopian Railway Line” for a fire sale?

The “Ethiopian Railway Line” opened in October 2016 with all the bells and whistles. Today it is derailed and teeters on the edge of financial disaster.

The T-TPLF  (Thugtatorship of the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front) last week announced that the “Ethiopian Railway Corporation” (“ERC”) is drowning in an ocean of debt.

According to a report in the online version of the “Reporter”, a “private newspaper published in Addis Ababa”, Getachew Betru, “CEO” of “ERC” informed the “Ethiopian Parliament” that the Corporation is $102.5 billion birr in the red.

The official currency exchange rate is USD$1 to 22.50 Ethiopian birr. On the black market, one could fetch 27-30 birr for USD$1.

According to the Reporter, the so-called Addis Ababa Light Rail is 1.8 billion birr in the hole.

The “Ethiopian Railway” project is said to connect the Ethiopian capital with Djibouti on the Red Sea coast. The USD$4 billion project is backed by China and built by the China Railway Engineering Corp. and China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation.

The Chinese have built dozens of ghost cities where no one can afford to live, including some in Angola. Now they have built the first ghost railway to nowhere in Ethiopia.

According to Betru, ERC needed 60.2 billion birr for its annual budget in 2016.

The T-TPLF “thought” it could secure a “foreign loan for 25.9  billion birr” and drum up”34.3 billion birr from domestic sources”. But the T-TPLF could only secure 10.5 billion birr from local sources.

Betru provided the following stunning explanation for the humongous shortfall:  “We boldly got into such a railway project thinking believing in a principle that we’ll find a way out.

In other words, to borrow a rail metaphor, the T-TPLF thought it could outrun the train at the bridge crossing but found itself stuck on the rail lines.

It is a mind-boggling situation. The T-TPLF decided to build a railway on a wing buffeted by gusts of wishful thinking casting financial caution and prudence to the wind. The T-TPLF started a rail line without establishing a demonstrably viable revenue source to sustain it. Did the T-TPLF configure passenger traffic as part of the revenue source for the long haul rail line or mainly freight? If it calculated freight as the main source of revenue, would that freight be principally “government” freight? Did they calculate the marginal cost of running a train based on expenses for operations, equipment maintenance, fuel, overhead, interest, cost of capital, etc.?

It is clear from Betru’s statement that the T-TPLF expected the “Ethiopian Rail Line” to operate like the toy model trains bought from the China Model Train Company.

The abysmal nitwitedness  of the T-TPLF is evident in its own published reports.

report by the T-TPLF’s Ministry of Trade indicated that in 2015-16  Ethiopia “earned 139 million dollars less in exports than the three billion dollars registered in 2014/15. Last year, the export sector significantly underperformed as it missed its set target of four billion dollars by a wide margin.” The report concluded, “the share of export earnings in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country has continued its usual pattern of declining by two percentage points between 2010 and 2015, averaging at 13pc. This figure is considerably lower than other countries in the region, with export earnings accounting for 20 and 19pc of the GDPs of Kenya and Uganda, respectively.”

The data on imports is equally dim: “Imports in Ethiopia decreased to 4064 USD Million in the second quarter of 2016 from 4367.40 USD Million in the first quarter of 2016. Imports in Ethiopia averaged 2705.91 USD Million from 2006 until 2016, reaching an all time high of 4382.60 USD Million in the fourth quarter of 2014 and a record low of 1355.50 USD Million in the second quarter of 2006.”

The T-TPLF leaders must have obviously known that there is very little likelihood for export and import freight to provide long-term revenue sources to sustain the rail line and be profitable. That is assuming that they read and understand their own reports, which is highly doubtful.

Could passenger traffic sustain the 470 mi (756km) rail line to Djibouti? Suffice it to say that the Addis Ababa Light Rial which runs an 11 mi (17km) track is 1.8 billion birr in the hole.

What were they thinking when they borrowed USD$4 billion to have China build the rail line? I mean aside from the obvious one which lines their pockets.

Betru’s statement for the rail line is the equivalent of saying, “Building the rail line seemed like a good idea at the time.”

The fact of the matter is that the T-TPLF built a white elephant rail line based on a pipe dream about money growing on trees (or picking up money along the rail lines) only to find out at the end of the year that they must have been smoking something in that pipe when they thought they will “find a way out.”

Is there any realistic possibility that the rail lines (both long haul and light) could ever become profitable and financially viable.

The T-TPLF says the lines can be viable and that the current fiscal crisis is a bump on the road, or the rail line. So much credibility from the guys who promised so much from the construction of the rail lines.

Are both rail lines doomed to bankruptcy and/or fire sale auction?

According to evidence obtained by the Reporter, the debt accumulated in 2016 for the rail project from foreign bank loans increased from 71.2 billion birr to 76.37 billion birr. Domestic revenues obtained from long-term bond sales for the project increased from 15.4 billion birr to 17.6 billion birr. Nonetheless, ERC will be unable to meet a debt obligation payment of 1.06 billion birr (USD$45 million) in January 2017.

The total debt of the ERC in 2016 increased from 95.9 billion birr to 102.5 billion according to the Reporter.  Total payments in principal and interest due January 2017 are said to be 2.2 billion birr (“USD$96 million”). The Reporter stated that because of lack of funds for operational needs and the enormous debt burden, the ERC is “in extreme financial distress”.

The economy in T-TPLF’s Ethiopia is in implosion mode.

Moody’s bond rating service in December  2016 rated Ethiopia’s USD1 billion Euro bond issued in 2014 B1 (highly speculative,  subject to high credit risk”, bordering on noninvestment grade). To put it bluntly, the T-TPLF Euro bond is pretty much “junk bond”.

In September 2016, the T-TPLF ordered exporters to sell 90 percent of their foreign exchange proceeds to the commercial banks and can keep only 10 percent. This extreme measure was taken by the T-TPLF because of “critical shortage of foreign currency”, weak performance of the export sector and high demand for foreign currency.

Could the ERC and Addis Ababa Light Rail end up on the auction block or in bankruptcy?

Are the “Ethiopian Railway Project” and the “Addis Ababa Light Rail Projects” white elephants set up by the T-TPLF to line the pockets of its cronies and hoodwink the world into believing that they are “transforming” Ethiopia into a middle-income country?

A “white elephant” is a “possession entailing great expense out of proportion to its usefulness or value to the owner.”

White elephant vanity projects are common in Africa. All African dictators like to build big projects  for self-glorification and to amass great fortunes for themselves and cronies.  Kwame Nkrumah built the Akosombo Dam on the Volta River, at the time dubbed the “largest single investment in the economic development plans of Ghana”. Mobutu sought to outdo Nkrumah by building the largest dam in Africa on the Inga Falls in Western Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire). In the Ivory Coast, Félix Houphouët-Boigny built the largest church in the world, The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro, at a cost of USD$300 million. It stands empty today. Self-appointed Emperor Jean-Bedel Bokassa of the Central African Republic built the largest hotel, a 500-room Hotel Intercontinental, at a cost of hundreds of millions of dollars while millions of his people starved. Moammar Gadhafi launched the Great Man-Made River in Libya, dubbed the world’s largest irrigation project, and proclaimed it the “Eighth Wonder of the World.” In 2011, the T-TPLF launched construction of the “largest hydroelectric power plant” in Africa.

When I wrote “Dam! White Elephants in Ethiopia” in April 2014, T-TPLF trolls accused me of being “against Ethiopia”.  In that commentary, I argued that the so-called “Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam” (GERD) is actually a vanity make-believe project, just like all the other African vanity projects, principally intended to glorify the late T-TPLF thugmaster Meles Zenawi posthumously. In April 2015, the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam remained dammed by cash flow problems as it does in 2017.

Could the T-TPLF which could not even run a 756km rail line for a few months be able to operate the “largest dam in  Africa” that will be “1,800 km long and 155 m high and with a total volume of 74,000 million meters”?

In much the same way as the Ethiopian Rail Line is built on skyscrapers of fantasy and wishful thinking about its commercial prospects and viability, the “Grand Renaissance Dam” is equally doomed in its fantasies about supplying electric power not only in the region but also in parts of the Middle East.

The evidence on electric power production and costs under the T-TPLF regime is telling.

A 2011 World Bank study  found that electric power “underpricing is a significant issue” in Ethiopia.  “Ethiopia’s power tariffs of $0.04-0.08 per kilowatt-hour are low by regional standards and recover only 46 percent of the costs of the utility.” The study recommended that “major investment needs in the country’s transmission and distribution networks to push up the overall long-term marginal cost of power to around $0.16 per kilowatt-hour.” The study made the stunning finding that the Ethiopian Electirc Power Company’s (EEPCO) “overall hidden costs of power sector inefficiency absorb around 100 percent of EEPCO revenues; meaning that the company only captures about half the revenue that it would need to function effectively. This performance, though comparable with other power utilities in East Africa, leaves significant room for improvement.”

The “Grand Renaissance Dam” is another white elephant waiting to crash and burn in bankruptcy within months of opening (assuming it ever does) just like the Ethiopian Rail Line. It simply will not have the revenue source to cover the cost of transmission, distribution, maintenance and all of the other hidden costs EEPCO has been dealing with for over two decades.

I have argued for the past 11 years that the T-TPLF guys are a clueless band of thugs who are playing the game of governance completely out of their league. But I am only the latest to share that observation.

In its November 7, 2006 editorial, the Economist Magazine described “the Ethiopian government as one of the most economically illiterate in the modern world.”

The same observation was repeated in 2009 at a high-level meeting of Western donor policy makers in Berlin where, according to a Wikileaks cablegram, a German diplomat suggested that Ethiopia’s economic woes could be traced to “Meles’ poor understanding of economics”.

Truth be told, Meles’ and the T-TPLF’s poor understanding of economics is understandable because they were taught economics in the bush by a wandering social anthropologist.  I have written extensively on the “voodoo economics”  of Meles Zenawi and his T-TPLF.

It is also true that many T-TPLF leaders have purchased advanced graduate degrees from internet diploma mills hoping to make themselves literate not just in economics but also in the 3 Rs (reading, writing and arithmetic).

I shake my head in total amazement thinking about the kind of a “government” that “boldly got into a multi-billion dollar debt-financed railway project “thinking” in principle that money grows on trees? But that is exactly what the Railway CEO said in explaining how the T-TPLF decided to borrows billions to launch the rail line!

But I should not be surprised.

The same T-TPLF economic geniuses that ordered a rail line to nowhere for USD4$ billion are the same geniuses who sent their hucksters to hawk illegal bonds in the U.S. to finance their White Elephant dam on the Nile.

In June 2016, the T-TPLF agreed to pay  the American Securities and Exchange Commission USD$6.5 million dollars in “disgorgement” (a legal act by which someone who has obtained profits or something of value by illegal or unethical acts is forced to return the ill-gotten gains to the rightful owner) for selling unregistered bonds in the U.S. for a period of years.

But the T-TPLF’s vanity projects are not limited to so-called infrastructure projects. The Karuturi land grab debacle is another major case in point with disastrous consequences for the people of Gambella in Western Ethiopia. A year ago, the T-TPLF and the Indian agribusiness Karuturi duked it out in public. As I discussed the issues in my January 2016 commentary, “The Wrath of Karuturi and the “Power of India” in Ethiopia”, company president Sai Ramakrishna Karuturi threw the gauntlet at T-TPLF: “Touch me, then you will see the power of India”.

As I demonstrated in that commentary, the prima facie evidence points to the fact that Karuturi was ripped off by the T-TPLF.  I was always opposed to the T-TPLF-Karuturi land deal. As evident in my March 2011 commentary, “Ethiopia: Country for Sale”, I warned  Karuturi to “beware of those bearing free gifts”, that is free land.  Too bad he ignored my advice because he got taken to the cleaners by the T-TPLF and then railroaded straight into bankruptcy.

Earlier this month, the T-TPLF announced its plans to sell “Ethiopian Shipping Lines”.

Kebour Ghenna, Executive Director of the Pan African Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PACCI) in a recent commentary questioned: “Is the government so short of money to run its business and service its loans that it has to look for such a short cut” by selling Ethiopian Shipping Lines? Kebour’s deep dismay and exasperation are shared by all Ethiopians: “From where I sit the proposal to sell the ESL is outrageous. It amounts to disinheritance of future Ethiopians. National assets like the ESL are strategic investments for not just economic but security reasons as well.”

From selling the shipping line to the rail line: What will become of the “Ethiopian Railway Corporation” and “Addis Ababa Light Rail”?

If history offers any clues, it is likely that the T-TPLF will declare the two rail operations bankrupt and unload them at fire sale prices and hand them over to its cronies.

T-TPLF history of liquidation of national assets in the name of “privatization”, “efficiency” and “development and growth” is well-established.

The World Bank’s landmark corruption study in Ethiopia explained the structural corruption under T-TPLF rule in liquidation of state assets. The study concluded, “The level of corruption is influenced strongly by the way policy and legislation are formulated and enforced. For example, the capture of state assets by the elite can occur through the formulation of policy that favors the elite.” In other words, the laws are written to rig the bidding process to give T-TPLF’s cronies, buddies and supporters a significant advantage in picking up state assets at fire sale prices.

In my June 2009 commentary, “Inside the Barley Republic: Ethiopia’s Land on Fire Sale”, I demonstrated how the T-TPLF orchestrated a fire sale of huge chunks of the country to foreign governments and fly-by-night “investors” while lining their pockets.

In 2012, the T-TPLF announced it has accepted 2.1 billion birr (USD$121million) for “seven state-owned farms” as part of the plan “to privatize dozens of corporations in the next three years.”  The so-called Privatisation and Public Enterprise Supervising Agency “accepted an 860 million birr bid from MIDROC Ethiopia for one of the country’s biggest farms, Upper Awash Agro-Industry Enterprise to Saudi-Ethiopian billionaire Mohammed Al Amoudi. Al Amoudi’s other companies Horizon Plantation PLC, National Mining Corporation and Saudi Star Agricultural Development won bids for four other firms for a combined 463 million birr ($26.7 million).”

According to a WikiLeaks US Embassy 2008 Cable  on “privatization or monopolization in Ethiopia”, the U.S. Treasury was advised: “While the vast majority of enterprises in terms of numbers– 233 of 254 — have been either sold to employees in a Management/Employee Buyout (MEBO) arrangement or purchased by individual Ethiopians, these are mostly small shops and hotels. In dollar terms, nearly 60 percent of enterprises have been awarded to Al Amoudi-related companies.”  The Lega Dembi gold is owned by MIDROC Gold Mine PLC; and it is reported that “Ethiopia earned over $456 million from exporting gold during the last fiscal year [2013].”

The T-TPLF has sold local breweries including Bedele, Harar and Meta Abo to global brewery giants  Heineken and Diageo for a combined $388.3 million.

In 2010, the no-collateral bank loans in the millions of dollars handed out to T-TPLF cronies, friends and supporters and the 1.7 billion birr ($141.6 million) loan to Messebo Cement Factory, one of the many companies owned by the “Endowment Fund for the Rehabilitation of Tigray” (EFFORT) sent the “Development Bank of Ethiopia” careening into insolvency.

Why not privatize land?

The T-TPLF says it is committed to “privatization”. Then, why doesn’t the T-TPLF privatize land in the country?

The T-TPLF says land cannot be privatized because it is owned by the government?

And I ask the T-TPLF, “Who owns the government?”

Ethiopia under the T-TPLF is going down, down, down…

Despite the T-TPLF’s claims that Ethiopia is “one of the fastest growing countries in the world”, the fact remains that Ethiopia is among the poorest. In 2015, Ethiopia was ranked 171st poorest (out of 185 countries) country in the world by Global Finance.

Ethiopia’s debt is mounting. In 2015, “Ethiopia public debt was 34, 539 million dollars” an increase of  8,843 million over 2014.” That “debt reached 56.05% of Ethiopia GDP, a 9.75 percentage point rise from 2014, when it was 46.30% of GDP.” Is it unlikely Ethiopia’s public debt will hit USD$40 billion in 2017?

In 2016, the “worst drought in 50 years” is alleged to have occurred in Ethiopia “devastating eight out of 10 people who depend on farming and livestock.” Some 18 million (18 percent of the population) Ethiopians were given USD$1.7 billion in emergency handouts in 2016. How much of that $1.7 billion lined the pockets of T-TPLF, the international poverty pimps and other parasi-ticks remains to be determined.

For the past 25 years, the T-TPLF has sold large chunks of Ethiopia for pennies to foreign fly-by-night operators masquerading as investors. The T-TPLF has given away Ethiopia’s mineral wealth to its cronies and supporters. The T-TPLF is conducting fire sales on Ethiopia’s infrastructure today.  The T-TPLF continues to trade on the souls of starving Ethiopians.

The T-TPLF is a scourge on Ethiopia. The T-TPLF stuffs its pockets while Ethiopians stand holding a bagful of debt, fire sale IOUs and empty promissory notes.

There is the Midas Touch that turns everything to gold.

Then there is the T-TPLF touch which turns gold into _ _ _t.

 

EMF

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

በአዲግራት ዩንቨርሲቲ ተማሪዏች አድማ አድርገው የግቢው የተማሪዏች መመገብያ አዳራሽ አወደሙት

ዘጊቶ የደረሰ መረጃ ፣
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በአዲግራት ዩንቨርሲቲ ተማሪዏች አድማ አድርገው የግቢው የተማሪዏች መመገብያ አዳራሽ አወደሙት!!

የአድማው መነሻ ተማሪዏች ለሚጠጣና የመጻደጃ የሚሆን ውሀ ለረጅም ጊዜ በማጣታቸው እጅጉን ስለመረራቸው ፣ ለረጅም ጊዜ ለዩንቨርስቲው ፕረዝዳንት ደጉተር ዛይድ እያጋጠማቸው ያለው የውሀ ብሶትና ለበሽታ መጋለጥ እንዲያነጋግራቸው በዲሞክራሲያዊ መንገድ ጠይቀውት ትእቢት በተሞላበት አጥጋቢ መልስ ስላልሰጣቸው ፣ተመሪዏች ተበሳጭተው የዩንቨርሲቲ ትልቅ የመመገብያ አዳራሽ አወድሞውታል ።

ከውድመቱ በኃላ ብዛት ያላቸው ፖሊሶችና ልዩ ሀይል ወደ ግቢው በመግባት ብዛት ያላቸው ተማሪዏች እየደበደቡ አሰሩዋቸው ።
ብዛት ያላቸው ተማሪዏች ታፍሰው ከታሰሩ በኃላ የግቢው ተማሪ በነቂስ ወጥቶ ቁጣውን ስለአሰማ የዩንቨርሲቲው ፣ አማራር ፣የዘንና የክልል ዲክታቶሮች ተደናግጠው የታሰሩት ሳያድሩ አንዲፈቱ አድርገዋል ።

የአዲግራት ዩንቨርሲቲ የወሀ ችግር ለጊዘው ቦበቴ እየጫኑ እያቀረቡሏቸው ነው ። ችግሩ ግን ሙሉ በሙሉ አልተፈታም ።

በመጨረሻ ለአዲ ግራት ዩንቨርሲቲ ተማሪዏችና አስተማሪዏች ለደረሳቸው የውሀ ጥም ችግር ተገቢ ጥያቄ ማንሳታቸውና ተቃውሞ ማሳየት ትክክል ነው ። ነገር ግን ሊነሳ የሚገባው ጥያቄ በራሳችሁ ብቻ ለተፈጠረችው የውሀ ችግር ብቻ ቀንጨብ አድርጋችሁ አድማ ማንሳት ለጊዚያዊ ችግር ለመፍታት መሆን አልነበረበትም ።

እናንተ ህብረተሰቡ ሳይማር ያስተማራቹህ የህዝባች ስለታም ጫፍ በመሆናችሁና ያላችሁ ክህሎት ሀገራዊና አለማዊ ሁኔታ ሳይንሳዊ በሆነ መንገድ ተንትናችሁ ስለምትገነዘቡ ያነሳችሁት የውሀ ችግር በግቢያችሁ ብቻ ያለች ችግር ታጥራችሁ ማየት አልነበረባችሁም።

ቢሆን በሀገር ደረጃ ያለው ማህበራዊ ኢኮኖሚያዊ ባያቹ ነበር ። ቢያንስ በአዲግራት ከተማ ያለው ማህበራዊና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ዘርፈቡዙ ችግሮች ማንሳት ነበረባችሁ ። ለወደፊት ሰፋ ባለመንገድ ብትፈትሹት ይሻላል ።

ከአስገደ ገብረስላሴ መቀለ ፣
21 / 5 / 2009 ዓ ም

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

የህወሐት ጥልቅ ተሀድስ 100 % ከሽፏል

ተሀድሶ በትግራይ ከሽፏል ስል በሌሎች ክልሎች የተደረገ ተሀድሶ ተሳክተዋል ማለት አይደለም ። ማንም ሰው መገንዘብ ያለበት በትግራይ ገዥ የሆነው ህወሐት ከከሸፈበት በሌሎች አካባቢዏች ደግሞ የባሰ ከሽፋል ማለት ነው ።

ህወሐት ሀይለማሪያም ደሳለኝ ለኢትየጱያ ህዝብ በገቡለት ቃል መሰረት ሙሶኞችና ኪራይ ሰብሳቢዏች ሆዳሞች ፣ ስልጣናቸው ተጠቅመው በዘመድ አዝማድና ደለዮች ህዝባችን የመዘበሩ ሌቦችና ሆዳሞች ከባድ እርምጃ እንወስዳለን ያሉትን ፣ በህወት መንደር ሊሰራ አልቻለም ።በአንጻሩ የህወሐት አመራር ጠ/ ምንስቴሩ እናስወግዳቸው አለን ያሉዋቸው ክራይሰብሳቢዏችና ሙሶኞች እንዲሁም ጎጦኞች እንደማስወገድ ፈንታ ፣ መሬት እንደጠራች አስመስለው በሚዲያ ህዝብ እያስደነቆሩ ከርመው ፣ በተጨባጭ የምንመለከተው ግን የበሰበሱ የህወሐት መዋቅር በህዝብ የተጠሉ ራሳቸውም ቤት ዘግተው የገመገመዋቸውና በህዝብ ሀብት የማያልቅ ቤት ፣ቁሳቁስ ፣ገንዘብ የሰበሰቡ ትጃሮች ወደ ህግ አቅርበው እንደመቅጣት ሽልማት እየሰጡ በስብሰው ካበሰበሰትና ካሳቃዩት አካባቢ እንደገና ወደ የማያውቃቸው ህዝብና አካባቢ በመዛወር ጅብ በማያውቁት አገር ሄዶ እርጥብ ቆዳ አንጥፉልኝ አይነት የውሼቱ ተሀድሶ እየተመለከትን ነው ። በመሆኑ ወደ የማያውቃቸው አከባቢ ተሰማርተዋል ። በመሆኑ ህዝብ ይወቃቸው ።

የተከበራቹ ወገኖች በሀወሐት መንደር እንተደሳለን የሚል መዝሙር ከተጀመረ ረጅም ጊዜ አሰቆጥራል ።ይህም መለስ ዜናዊ በነበረበት ጊዜ እስከአሁን ሰወስት ጊዜ በስብሰናል እንታደሳለን በማለት አካኪ ዘራፍ ብለው ነበር ። ባለፉት ተሐድሶዏች ግን አፈጻጽማቸው ካሁን ተሀድሳቸው ልዩነት የለውም ። ለዩነት አለመኖራቸው በምሳሌነት ለመጥቀስ ፣

1 -በአላማጣ ፣በኮሮም ፣ በሙኹኒ ፣ በማይጨው በተለያዬ የታሐድሶ መድረክ በመሱና ኪራይ ሰብሳቢነት የመልካም አስተዳደር ጠንቅ ናቸው የተባሉ ከ34 በላይ ባለስልጣናት በሀዝብ ተገምግመውና ተጠልተው ተባርረው ፣ የበሰበሰው አመራር ታማኝ በመሆናቸው በፈደራል መንግስት ቁልፊ ቦታ ተመድበው በለመዱት እየበዘበዙ ይገኛሉ ።

2 . በሽሬ አውራጃ በከተማ ማዛገጃ ቤትና ዞን አስተዳደር ተመድበው ይሰሩ የበሩ 6 ከንቲባዏች ፣4 የዞን አስተዳዳሪዏች እጅግ ቡዙ ወረዳ አስተዳዳሪዏች በህዝብ ጥለቻ ተባርረው ፣በመሉ በክልልና በፈደራል መንግስታት ተመድበው ምዝበራቸው ቀጥለውበታል ።

3 . ከአከሱም 3 ከንቲባዏች 5 የዞን ባለስልጣናተ የአድዋ ከንቲባና መዋቅሩ ፣ የተንቤን ዓብይ ዓዲ ከንቲባዏች አስተደዳሪዏች ከ45 ባለይ በሙሱና በቡልሽው አስተዳደራቸው ምክንያት ህዝብ ያባረራቸውከሽሬና ከራያ እንደተባረሩ ሁሉ በሌላ ቦታ ሄደው ተሽመው አገርን እያባላሹ ይገኛሉ ።

4 .በመቀሌ ከተማ 10 ከንቲባዏችና በደርዞኖች የሚቆጠሩ መዋቅራቸው ተባርረው በሙሉ ለማለት ይቻላል በክልሉና በፈደራል ቁልፊ ቦታ ይዘው አገርና ወህዝብ እያጠፉ ይገኛሉ ።

5 . ከህወሐት ማ /ኮሚቴ አባላትም በጉባኤተኛ አትመሩም ፣ሌቦች ናችሁ ፣ ብቃትም የለቸው ተብለው የተባረሩ በሙሉ ለማለት ይቻላል ፣ የጠ/ ምኒስቴር አማካሪዏች ፣ የኤፈርት አመራር ፣አንባሳደርነት ፣ የፓርላማ ተመራጮች የፈደራል ታላላቅ ቢሮዏች ለምዝበራ በሚመች ቦታ ተመድበው አገር እያባላሹ ይገኛሉ ።

6 . የዘንድሮ የህወሐት የውሼት ተሀድሶውም ካለፉት ተሀድሰዏች በተመሳሳሊ የሀገራችንና የክልላችን አንጡራ ሀብት መዝብረውና ወረው ምንጩ ያልታወቀ ሀብት ደልበው እያሉ ለአንድ አመት ያህል የመንግስት አበል እየበሉ 700 ሽህ አባል የተባለ እሱ በሳቸው ተገማግመው 24 ሰአት ሙሉ በሚዲያ ቢደሰኩሩም በተግባር ግን የተናገርነው እንዳንገላለጥ ከተገላለጥን ህወሐት ትጠፋለች በመሆኑ ተቻችለን እንለፍ ብለው የተማማሉ ይመስል እስከአሁን አንድ እርምጃም አልወሰዱም ።
የወሰዱት እርምጃ ቢኖር የትግራይ ህዝብ በግልጽ የሚያውቃቸው ሆዳሞችና ሌቦች አዲስ አበባ አላቸው መደበቅያ ሄደዋል እንዳውም በበለጠ በሚበላ ቦታ ነው የተመደቡ ።
በትግራይ ውስጥም መቀሌ የነበረ አክሱም ሽሬ ህሞራ ወይ ራያ የነበረ መቀለ ነው የተቀያየሩ ።
ለምሳሌ ሁለት የፖሊስ ኩማንዶሮች ለ25 አመት ያህል የመቀሌ ህዝብ ያሳቃዩ የበዘበዙት ሁለት ኩማንደሮች አንዱ ወደ አክሱም አንዱ ወደሽሬ ተመድበዋል ይህ ነው የህወሐት እርምጃና ተሀድሶ ። በመሆኑ በህወሐት ተሀድሶው ያለጥርጥ 100 % ከሽፍዋል ።

የተከበራችሁ ወገኖቼ የዘንድሮ የጠ / ምኒስቴር ሀይለማርያም ተሀድሶ በህወሀት ብቻ አይደለም የከሸፈው ። የውሼት ተሀድሶው በባአዴን ፣በኦዴድ ፣በዴኸደን ፣በአጋር ፓርቲዏች ውሼቱ ስላልቻሉበት በሁሉም 100 % ከሽፋል ።

የተከበራችሁ ወገኖቼ ኢህአደግ እየመራው ያለው ስርአት በጠግን ጠግን ሊታደስ አይችልም ።ሊታደስ ከሆነ መሰረታዊ የአይዶሎጂ ፣ የኢኮኖሚ ፖሊስ የአስተሳሰብ ለውጢ እንዲሁም በሁሉም አይነት ዲሞክራሲያዊ መርሆዏች ካላረጋገጠ ፣ የዜጎች ነጻነት፣ የህግ የበላይነት ካላደረገ ለውጥ አይመጣም ።
ከአስገደ ገብረስላሴ መቀለ ፣
20 / 5 / 2009 ዓ ም

EMF

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

ደቡብ ሱዳን – የህወሀት ከፋፍለህ ግዛ ፖለቲካ ኪሳራ ማሳያ

(ዘ አዲስ Ze Addis)
54ኛ ሀገር ሆና አፍሪካን በቅርቡ የተቀላቀለችው ደቡብ ሱዳን – እጅግ በሚገርም ሁኔታ ከህወሀት መንግስት ጋር እሰጥ እገባ ገብታለች:: አልፎ ተርፎም መንግስተ ህወሀትን እስከ ማስጠንቀቅ ደርሳለች:  ህወሀት መራሹ መንግስትም የሱዳንን ዲፕሎማት ከአዲስ አበባ በማባረር የተበቀለ ቢመስለውም -ሱዳን ግን “ዲፕሎማቴ ያፍሪካ ህብረት ተወካይ ናቸውና ልታስወጡ አትችሉም” ብላ ሞግታ ይዛለች:: ታላቅ እድሜ ያላት ኢትዮጵያና በቅርብ የተፈጠረችው ደቡብ ሱዳን ይሄን ያህል ስታሾራት ማየት ያስደንቃል:: ሲጀመር ደቡብ ሱዳንን እዚህ ያደረሰቻት ኢትዮጵያ ናት:: ሲቀጥል እነ ግብጽና ሰሜን ሱዳን ደቡብ ሱዳንን ለማጥፋት ብዙ የደከሙ ሀገሮች ናቸው:: እንዴት ደቡብ ሱዳን ከነሱ ልታብር ቻለች?

የደቡብ ሱዳን እንቅስቃሴ እንዴት ተጀመረ
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ሱዳን ትልቅ ሀገር ናት:: ቀድሞ የአፍሪካውያን መኖርያ ነበረች:: በኋላ ግን ግብጻውያን : አረቦችና ቱርኮች በተደጋጋሚ ባደረሱት ወረራ በነዚሁ አካላት እጅ ወደቀች:: ቀስ በቀስም አረቦቹና ቱርኮቹ ነዋሪውን አፍሪካዊ ( ነገደ ኩሽ)ነገድ እያጠፉ እየተዋለዱ – ሰሜን ሱዳንን ወረሷት:: ደቡቡ ግን እስከ እንግሊዝ ቅኝ ግዛት መነሳት ድረስ የኩሽ ዝርያ ባለቸው ነባር ነገዶች የተያዘ ነበር:: የ እንግሊዝ ቅኝ ግዛት አልቆ ሰሜኖቹ ሙሉ ሱዳንን ማስተዳደር ሲጀምሩ ግን ደቡብ ሱዳን ሲኦል ሆነች:: ሰሜኑ ባብዛኛው የእስልምና እምነት ያለውና የአረብ ድቅል ሲሆን ደቡቡ ደግሞ ባብዛኛው ክርስትያን ና ኩሻዊ ነው:: ሰሜነኞቹ ደቡብ ሱዳንን ለማስለምና ለማስገበር በይፋ ዘመቻ ጀመሩ:: ይህንንም ዓላማአቸውን ዳር ለማድረስ በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ ደቡብ ሱዳናውያንን አጥፍተዋል( ጳውሎስ ኞኞ ታሪካዊ ዝርዝሩን እንዲህ ከትቦታል “የደቡብ ሱዳን ብጥብጥ” ብሎ የጻፈውን መጽሓፍ እዚህ ሊንክ ላይ ያገኙታል)

ይህ ግፍ ያንገሸገሻቸው ደቡብ ሱዳናውያን እምቢታ ጀመሩ:: እያደገም ሄዶ አጥቂውን የሰሜን ሱዳንን ጦር በሃይል መመክት ጀመሩ:: በዚያን ወቅት ሱዳን : ግብጽና ቱርክ ቀጥተኛ የእኮኖሚ : የሚሊታሪና የዲፕሎማሲ ድጋፋቸው ለሰሜን ሱዳን ነበር:: አፍሪካዊና እና ክርስትያን በመሆናቸው ብቻ እንደ አውሬ ታድነው ከመጥፋት የታደጋቸው የወቅቱ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት ነበር:: ሰሜን ሱዳን የመንግስቱን ተቃዋሚዎች ታስታጥቅና ትረዳም ስለነበር አጸፋ ለመመለስም ጭምር ደቡብ ሱዳንን ኢትዮጵያ መርዳት ጀመረች::ይህንን ጉዳይ አሌክስ በመጽሓፉ እንዲህ ይገልጸዋል

” The SPLA turned to the Ethiopian government as a natural ally in its struggle, and Colonel mengistu on his part saw Colonel Garanags movement as a useful counterweight to Khartum continuing support to EPLF, TPLF and other smaller fronts. Close links were quickly established between the SPLA and the Ethiopian government at the highest level.The Ethiopian government provided the SPLA with Military equipment, base and radio station. … there was a close Military and security coordination between the SPLA and the Ethiopian army. The Ethiopian army assisted the SPLA in attacks on Kurmuck..”

እ.ኤ.አ ከ1986-1990 የደቡብ ሱዳን ነጻ አውጭ ግንባር ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ዱል ተብላ በምትታወቀው ቦታ ልዩ ካምፕና ማሰልጠኛ ነበረው:: የእንቅስቃሴው መሪዎችም እነ ጆን ጋራንግና ሳልቫኪርን ጨምሮ ደብረ ዘይት ቀበሌ ሶስት አርመን ሰፈር የሚባለው አካባቢ ልዩ መኖርያ ነበራቸው:: ኢትዮጵያም የደቡብ ሱዳን ስደተኞችን : ተዋጊዎችን ዲፕሎማቶችን በሙሉ ኃይል ስትቀበልና ስትረዳ ነበር:: ኮሎኔል መንግስቱ ኃይለማርያም በአንድ ሬድዮ ኢንተርቪዋቸው እንደገለጹት

” ኢትዮጵያ 80 ሺህ የሚደርሱ የደቡብ ሱዳን ወታደሮችን አሰልጥና አስታጥቃ እና የማያቋርጥ የመሳርያና የሎጂስቲክ ድጋፍ እየሰጠች ደቡብ ሱዳንን ነጻ ሀገር እንድትሆን አድርጋለች”
ሙሉ ቃለ መጠይቁን እዚህ ያድምጡ http://ecadforum.com
https://zelalemkibret.files.wordpress.com/…/mengistu_book.p…

የደቡብ ሱዳን ውለታ የመመለስ አዝማምያ
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ደቡብ ሱዳኖችም ነጻ እንደወጡ በተደጋጋሚ ለኢትዮጵያ ምስጋናና አድናቆታቸውን ገልጸዋል:: አልፎ ተርፎም ” ለኮሎኔል መንግስቱ ኃይለማርያም በብዙ ገንዘብ ልዩ ቤት አሰርተው” እንደነበረ ተገልጻል:: ይህ ግን በህወሀት መራሹ መንግስት ትልቅ ተቃውሞን ስላመጣ ደቡብ ሱዳኖች ይህን ዜና አስተባብለው እንዲህ ሲሉ ግን ለኢትዮጵያ ያላቸውን ከበሬታ ገልጸዋል
https://www.tesfanews.net/mengistu-hailemariam-reportedly-…/

“የደቡብ ሱዳን ሕዝብ ከፍተኛ ድጋፍ ሲደረግለት የነበረው በኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት መሆኑን ያስታወሱት ምክትል አምባሳደሩ፣ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብና መንግሥት ያደረጉት ውለታ ለኮሎኔል መንግሥቱ ተደርጐ ሊወሰድ እንደማይገባ አመልክተዋል፡፡ ”
ከዚህም አልፈው ደቡብ ሱዳኖች በኢትዮጵያና በኤርትራ መሀል ያለውን ውዝግብ ለመፍታት በአስታራቂነት የተቻላቸውን ደክመዋል:: የደቡብ ሱዳኑ ዲፕሎማትም ምክንያታቸውን ሲገልጹ እትዮጵያም ኤርትራም ለደቡብ ሱዳን ነጻነት ደማቸውን አፍሠዋል መቼም አንረሳውም በማለት እንዲህ ነበር የገለጹትhttp://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article44341

“I personally take this as a moral duty because it is disturbing to us seeing both countries bleeding again while both of them also paid the ultimate sacrifice in order for the people of South Sudan to be free today,” Kiir then added.

እንዲህ ለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ አክብሮታቸውን ሲገልጹ የነበሩት ደቡብ ሱዳናውያን ለምን ህወሀት ላይ ተነሱ?
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ዋናው ምክንያት የህወሀት መንስግት ከሰሜን ሱዳን ጋር በማበር ደቡብ ሱዳንን የሚጎዳ ድርጊቶች ማድረጉና ኢትዮጵያ ውስት እንደለመደው ደቡብ ሱዳንም የዘር መከፋፈል ልክፍት ውስት መግባቱ ነው::

የሱዳን ዋንኛው ሀብት ያለው ደቡብ ሱዳን ነው:: ሰሜኑ ባብዛኛው በረሃ ነው:: የሱዳን የነዳጅ ሀብት ከ80% በላይ ያለው ደቡብ ሱዳን ውስጥ ነው:: ሰሜን ሱዳን ና ደቡብ ሱዳን ሲለያዩ ስምምነታቸው የነዳጁን ገቢ ለመካፈል ነው:: ደቡብ ሱዳን ብትጠበክር ግን ሰሜን ሱዳንን ከዚህ ውች ልታደርጋት ትችላለች:: ከዚህም ባሻገር የነጭ አባይ ትልቅ የውሃ ሀብት ሃይቅ ያለው ደቡብ ሱዳን የሃይቆች ግዛት ውስት ነው:: ትልቁና አስተማማኙ የርሻ ቦታም ደቡብ ሱዳን ነው:: የደቡብ ሱዳን መጠናከርና እነዚህ ሀብቶች በሙሉ መቆጣጠር ስለሚያስችላት ለሱዳን ትልቅ ስጋት ነው:: ስለዚህ ሰሜኗ ጠንካራ ደቡብ ሱዳንን አትፈልግም:: ለዚህም ብዙ ትንኮዎሳች ታደርጋለች::

የሚደንቀውና የሚገርመው የህወሀት መንግስት የዚህ የሰሜን ሱዳን ሴራ ተባባሪ ሆኖ መገኘት ነው::

የደቡብ ሱዳን ያሁኑ ፕሬዝዳንት ሳልቫኬር የዲንቃ ጎሳ አባል ናቸው:: ምክትላቸው ሪክ ማቻር ደግሞ የኑዌር ጎሳ አባል ናቸው:: ኑዌሮች ኢትዮጵያም ደቡብ ሱዳንም ይኖራሉ:: ዲንካዎች ግን በቁጥር አብላጫዎች ሲሆኑ ኑዌሮች ደግሞ ከዲንካ ያንሳሉ:: የህወሀት ዲፕሎማሲ አንዱን ዘር ከአንዱ ዘር ጋር በማጋጨት : ከግጭቱ ትርፍ ማግኘት ነው:: በዚህም ዓላማ እጅግ አደገኛ የሆነ የዘር ድጋፍ ውስጥ እጁን ነክሯል:: ይህንን ግን ደቡብ ሱዳኖች አይተው ሊያልፉት አልቻሉም:: እነሱም አጸፋዊ እርምጃ ጀመሩ::

የህወሀት የደነዘዘ ፖለቲካ ደቡብ ሱዳንን እንኳን ማትረፍ አልቻለም:: እኛው ተዋግተን: እኛው አስታትቀን ነጻ ያወታናትን ሀገር እንኳን ከራሱ ጋር ማሰለፍ አቅቶት ለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ዙርያ መለስ ጠላት እያፈራለት ይገኛል::

አስጊው ሁኔታ
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ህወሀት “ሕዝብ ሲጣላ እርስ በርሱ ስለሚያያዝ እኔ ተዝናንቼ እገዛለሁ” በሚለው ከፋፍለህ ግዛ ፖሊሲዋ የኢትዮጵያን ሕዝብ በተቻላት ለመከፋፈል ሞክራለች:: አማራውንና ኦሮምውን ለማጋጨት ብዙ ርቀት ሄዳለች:: በራሷ ሎሌዎች ወገኖችን አስጨፍጭፋ አማራው ጋ ሄዳ ” ኦሮሞ ጨረሰህ” ኦሮሞው ጋ ሄዳ ደግሞ ” አማራው ተነሳብህ” በሚል ርኩስ ስብከት ብዙ ሰርታለች:: ደቡብ ላይ ወጋዳጎ በሚል ሙት ፍልስፍና ብዙ የደቡብ ሰዎችን አባልታለች:: አሁን ደግሞ ሱማሌና ኦሮሞን እያጫረሰች ነው:: አሁን ደግሞ በቅርቡ ” ቤተ አጋ ዕዝያን” በሚል ክርስትያኑንና እስላሙን ለማጫረስ አዲስ ዘመቻ ጀምራለች:: ህወሀት ከሱማሌ ጋር ጸብ ናት:: ከደቡብ ሱዳን ጋ ጸብ ናት:: ከኤርትራ ጋር ጸብ ናት:: ከኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ጋር ጸብ ናት:: ወትሮም ነገር ነገር የሚላት ኳታርና ሳውዲም የሚፈልጉት ምክንያት ነው::

መጨረሻችን ምን ይሆን?

EMF

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

Ealing Amnesty Group Demands the release of ESKINDER NEGA By Wondimu Mekonnen

ESKINDER NEGA

27 January 2017
Wondimu Mekonnen: London

The Ealing Amnesty Group has recently declared that it has adopted Eskinder Nega as a focus for campaigning in 2017. This must be highly appreciated by the freedom and peace-loving citizens of the world. We hope other Groups also adopt other journalists, such as Journalist Temesgen Desalegn, whose health is currently seriously damaged in captivity in Zeway Prison.

On 27 Friday 2017, Ealing Amnesty Group held a successful vigil in front of 17th Princess Gate, London, from where the diplomatic mission of the jailers of Eskinder Nega currently operate in Britain.

A good number of banners bearing the logo of Amnesty International and a pictures of Eskinder Nega were printed and brought by the group and distributed to each protester to hold up.

Unlike the “Ethiopians-only” protesters who are normally managed by the presence of heavy Police Force, required to demonstrate across the Knightsbridge road in front of the Embassy, this vigil started at about 2:00 p.m inside the compound, which of course sent the Embassy staff to their uncomfortable state of mind. It is actually a good idea for the Police to allow holding vigils in the compound, as in the past, at times demonstrators spilled over to the main road and blocked the road causing serious traffic jams. The nervous Embassy staff called the police, who arrived at once, only to see few peaceful protesters quietly standing up with banners up, doing nothing violent or anything to worry about. The Police just looked at the peaceful demonstrators and left without any word.

Slowly a good number of Ethiopians started joining the vigil with flags and bigger Eskinder Nega’s picture, which read: “Journalism is not terrorism”. The organisers appreciated that picture, and started intermingling, conversing and sharing information about Eskinder and other prisoners of conscience. As the number started a bit swelling, again the nervous embassy staff called the Police. Two Policemen on motorcycles arrived to check out, only to find that the protesters were peacefully standing there holding up the banners that demanded the freedom of Eskinder Nega. They too disappeared without the roaring sound of their motorcycle on their way out.

The protesters came as far as from Glasgow, Scotland, and other cities to take part on the vigil.

Towards the end, one of the human rights advocates, Mr Zelealem Tessama took megaphone and addressed Amnesty International and the protesters how significant that vigil was for Serkalem Fasil, Eskinder’s wife and Nafkot son.

Serkalem Fasil is a journalist too, former co-publisher of the newspapers Wenchif, Asqual, Menilik, and Satenaw with her husband, Eskinder Nega. In November 2005, she was arrested along with thirteen other reporters, including her husband, Eskinder Nega, after publishing articles critical of the Ethiopian government’s actions during the May 2005 parliamentary elections, where the regime was completely defeated, getting zero vote in Addis Ababa the capital, but refused to leave power, using its military muscle. They were all charged with “treason, outrages against the Constitution and incitement to armed conspiracy”. Nafkot, Serkalem and Eskinder’s son was born in captivity. Baby Nafkot, mother Serkalem and father Eskinder were released on 10 April 2007, under “presidential pardon”.

Eskinder was rearrested in June 2012, for the 7th time, and was sentenced to 18 years in prison for terrorism offences, after he criticised the Ethiopian brutal regime that stayed in power after losing election and called for freedom of expression in speeches in articles. Any criticism of the Ethiopian regime, dominated by the former terrorists (1), the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), is defined as “terrorism” by the human rights abusers of Ethiopia that terrorises its own citizens. Millions have now being vanished into exile, to be refugees across the globe, including here in Britain. Serkalem and her son, Nafkot too are the recent addition to the wave Ethiopian refugees, now in exile, starting life in the USA. Journalist Eskinder still remains in captivity in a rat-, cockroach-, and flea-infested cell.

Eskinder is a recipient of the PEN/Barbara Goldsmith Freedom to Write Award, Golden Pen Award of Freedom and Amnesty International designated him a prisoner of conscience.

The vigil was concluded by one of the organisers, Ms Phillips, who thanks the vigil attendants and encouraged on networking in the future, working together and taking part on both Ethiopian and Amnesty International activities to secure the freedom of Eskinder Nega and other prisoners of conscience.

The vigil was peacefully dispersed at 4:00 p.m. with a vote of thanks to the Ealing Amnesty Group.

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

HRW urges African Union to release probe into ‘unlawful’ killing of 14 civilians by Ethiopian forces

Displaced Somalis drive past an Africa Union truck heading to Mogadishu, SomaliaReuters/Sahal Abdule

 

 

 

AU said civilians killed in ‘shoot-out’ with Al-Shabaab, but HRW claims Wardinle villagers killed ‘indiscriminately’.

By

January 26, 2017 09:04 GMT

A human rights organisation has urged the African Union (AU) to release the findings of its investigation into alleged unlawful killings of 14 civilians by Ethiopian forces serving under the AU mission in Somalia (AMISOM) in July 2016.

On 17 July last year, soldiers from an Ethiopian contingent fired on a hut in Wardinle village, 37km west of Baidoa town in Bay region, during what the AU described as a “shoot-out” between Islamist armed group Al-Shabaab and AMISOM troops.

The AU on 19 July launched an investigation into the killings, adding preliminary investigations found that: “AMISOM forces received credible intelligence information, of an Al-Shabaab’s radicalisation exercise in the village and went to investigate. The troops were ambushed as they approached the village and intensive fighting ensued…. It is not clear at this point in time, if the fighting occasioned civilian deaths, as it is being claimed.”

Contrary to the findings of AMISOM’s initial inquiry that the men were killed in crossfire, seven witnesses told Human Rights Watch (HRW) they had seen no fighting in the village or the presence of Al-Shabaab fighters that day.

Instead, witnesses said, the Ethiopian troops indiscriminately fired on the dwelling where men had gathered to pray for a sick villager, killing 14. The victims included village elders, religious leaders, and Islamic school teachers as well as relatives of the sick man.

Six months down the line, Wardinle villagers have received no reports on the investigation nor compensation for their loss.

“The killing […] devastated the poor rural community of Wardinle and should not be swept under the carpet,” said Laetitia Bader, HRW’s Africa researcher. “The AU and Ethiopian leadership needs to hold its forces to account by releasing its findings, ensuring that any wrongdoers are brought to justice, and compensating the victims.”

Under international humanitarian law, or the laws of war, parties of an armed conflict are obliged to take all feasible precautions to minimise harm to the civilian population, and attacks that target civilians or civilian targets are prohibited. “The evident absence of Al-Shabaab fighters indicates that the attack on the hut was unlawfully deliberate or indiscriminate, and possibly a war crime,” HRW said.

The laws of war require the AU and judicial authorities from Ethiopia to investigate these credible allegations of serious violations that may amount to war crimes, and ensure those responsible are brought to justice. HRW said it is not aware of any investigation by Ethiopia, which officially joined AMISOM in 2014, into the incident.

On 27 January, the UN Security Council is meeting to discuss the situation in Somalia.

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

በሙሶኞች እርምጃ ልንወስድ ከሆነ ህዝብ ጥቆሟ ይስጠን – አስገደ ገብረስላሴ

አቶ አስገደ ገብረስላሴ

በሙሶኞችና ኪራይሰብሳቢዏቸ እርምጃ ልንወስድ ከሆነ ከጥልቅ ጥናት የተመሰረተ ወይ ተጨባጭ ማስረጃ ያለው ህዝብ ጥቆሟ ይስጠን ጠ /ም / ሀይለማርያም ደሳለኝ !!!!
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አስገደ ገብረስላሴ

አኛ ከላይ እስከ ቀበሌ ተገማግመን በጥልቀት ታድሰናል ቡዙ ማስተካከያዏችም አድርገናል ። ወደ ህዝብም እንወርዳለን የሚል ሽወዳ ሰምተናል ።

በሌላ በኩል ህዝብ ታድሰናል ሙሶኞች አስወግደናል እያላቹ ነው በሙሶኞችና ኪራይ ሰብሳቢዏች እርምጃ ስትወስዱ አላየንም እያለን ነው ።

እኛ እርምጃ ልንወስድ ከሆን በጥልቀት መጠናት አለበት ፣ ስለሆነ በሙሶኞች ላይ ጠንካራ እርምጃ ልንወስድ ከሆነ ህዝብ ይጠቁመን ካለበለዚያ ዝም ብለን እርምጃ አንወስድም ብለውን ቁጭ አሉ ።
ምነው ጠ / ምንስቴር ባለፈው ጊዜ ለማስመሰል ሀገራችን ከቤተመንግስት እስከ ቀበሌ ያሉ የኢህአደግ ባለስልጣናትና እነሱ የሚመሩት መንግስታዊ መዋቅር ባለስልጣናት በሙሱና እና ኪራይ ሰብሳቢነት በስብሰዋል ፣በተለይ ደግሞ የመንግስት ባለስልጣናት የመንግስት ስልጣንን ተጠቅሞው ህዝብን ማሳቃዬት የህዝብ ሀብት በመመዝበር ከደላዮችና ከመዝባሪ ባለሀብቶች በመሻረክ በአካባቢና በዘመድ አዝማድ ፣ በቡዱን ተደራጅተው ለፈጸሙት ወንጀል ጠንካራ እርምጃ እንወስዳለን ብለው እርግጠኛ ሆነው ተናግረዋል ።
በተጨማሪ በሀገራችን የተፈጸመው ወንጀል ግድያ ብጥብጥ የህዝብ መሬት ወረራ ለወደመው ሀብት ለጠፋው ጀምላ ግድያ ሁሉ ተጠያቂ የኢአደግ አባል ፓርቲና አጋር ፓርቲዏች እንዲሁ እነሱ የሚመሩት መንግስታዊ መዋቅር ናቸው ብለው ነበር ።
በዛን ጊዜ የሚንስቴሩ ዲስኩር የሰሙ ቡዙ የዋህ ወገኖች የህወሐት ኢህአደግ ሴራና የኃላ ጉዞው የማያውቁ እንዴ እነዚህ ሰዎች ልብ ገዝተዋል እንዴ ብለው ነበር ። የኢህአደግ ባህሪ የሚያውቁ ወገኖች ግን የኢህአደግ አማራር ጸረሙሱናና ኪራይ ሰብሳቢነት ክንዳችን እናነሳለን አካኪ ዘራፍ ማለት በሀገር ደረጃ ተቀስቅሶ ለነበረው ተቃውሞና አመጽ ለስልጣኑ አስጊ ስለሆነበት አመጹ ለማብረድ( አቅጣጫውን ለመቀልበስ) ነው እንጅ ይህ ፓርቲ ከመሰረቱ ፍትሀዊ ሊሆን አይችልም እያሉ ከርመዋል ።

የነዚህ ወገኖች አባባል ትክክል ነበር ለዚሁ መረጋገጫ ጠ/ ም / ሀይለማርያም ሰሙኑን ደግሞ መንግስታችን ከቤተ መንግስት እስከ ቀበሌ ያለው ሁሉም የመንግስት መዋቅር በስብሰዋል መቆረጥ አለበት እያሉ ከርሞው ፣ አሁን ተመልሰው ደግሞ መንግስት የአቅሙ ታድሳል በተሀድሶው እርምጃ አልወሰዳችሁም የሚሉ ወገኖች ካሉ ማስረጃ ያቅሩቡልን እርምጃ ልንወስድ በማለት ሀላፍነቱ ለጭቁን ህዝብ ጣሉበት ። ይህ የጠቅላይ ምንስቴር የማጭበርበር ወይ ሽወዳ በኢህአደግ መንደር አሁን የተጀመረ ሽወዳ አይደለም ። ኢህአደግ ወታደራዊ ስርአት ደርግ በጦርነት አስወግዶ ወታደራዊ ስርአት ከመመስረቱ በፊት የ17 አመት በፊት የነበረው ባህሪ ለታሪክ ልተዏውና ፣ ከዛ በኃላ የነበረው ባህሪው ስንመለከት በ1993 ዓ ም ፣በ2002 ዓ ም ፣ አሁን በ2009 ዓ ም በስብሰናል ፣ በኪራይ ሰብሳቢነት ተወረናል እርምጃ እንወስዳለን በማለት ባላቸው የውሼት የሚዲያ ነጎድጓድ ህዝብ አደንቁረዋል ።
ውጤቱ ግን ውሀ ቢወግጡት እንቡጭ ሆነ ። እንዳውም በሁሉም ተሀድሶዏች ተባላሽተዋል በስብሰዋል ተብለው በህዝብ የተጠሉ ባለስልጣናት ለፈጸሙት ወንጀል የሚመጥን ቅጣት እንደመስጠት ፈንታ የፈጸመው ወንጀል እንዳለ ሳይነካ ፣ በሙሱና የመዘበረው ገንዘብ ቁሳቁስ ፣ የገነባው ህንጻና ቢለዏች ሳይጠዬቅ ፣ ወረዳ የነበረ ወደዞን ፣ዞን የነበረው ወደ ክልል ፣ በክልል የነበረ ወደ ፈደራል የተለያዩ ቢሮዏች ፣ ወደ አንባሳደርነት የስልጣን እርከን ተሽሞዋል ።
የዘንድሮ የኢህአደግ የውሼት በጥልቀት መታደስም ልክ እንዳለፉት ተሀድሶዏች ኢህአደግ ሳይነካካ በስመተሀድሶው የበሰበሰ ስርአቱ አጠናክሮ የወጣበት ሁኔታ ነው ያለው ።

ጠ / ምኒስቴሩ ግን ለ100ሚሊዮን የኢትዮጱያ ህዝቦች በግልጽ ሲሸውዱዋቸው ያሉ መሆናቸው ይታየኛል ። ለዚሁ ሽወዳቸው ግን ለእሳቸውና ለኢትየጱያ ህዝብ በጥያቄ እና አጫጭር አስታያዮቶች ፣
ጠቁሜያቸው ልለፍ ።

1ኛ ምኒስቴሩ ሊሸውዱ ባይፈልጉ ንሮ ሁሉም የኢህአደግ ባለስልጣናት ደሞዛቸው ለወርሀዊ ምግብ ለልጆች ትምህርት ክፍያ ለልብስ በየሳምንት ሶደሬና ሻራቶን ሌሎቸ መናፈሻና መዝናኛ የሚጠፋ ወጭ በሞቶ ሽ የሚገመት ወጭ ነው የሚፈጁት ። ደሞዛቸው ግን የምኒስቴሮች እንካን ብንወስድከ6000ብር ወይ ከ10 000 አይበልጥም ፣ መልከም ይህ ሁሉ እንተዏው ፣ የኢህአደግ ምኒስቴሮች አንባሳደሮች ዯክልል ፣የዞን ፣የወረዳ ፣የቀበሌ ባለስልጣናት በአዲስ አበባና ክልሎች ዞኖች ከሁለት በላይ ህንጻዏች ፣ቪሏዏች ሰርተዏ በሞቶዏች ሽ ብር ወይ በአስርሺ የሚቆጠር ዶሏር አካራይተው በየአመቱ በቡዙ ሚሊዮን የሚገመት ገንዘብ ይዝቃሉ ። በተለይ በአዲስ አበባ ፣በጎንደር ፣መቀሌ ፣ ናዝሬት ፣ አዋሳ ፣ባህርዳር ፣ አክሱም ፣ ጅጅጋ ፣አዳማ ፣ ድኮም ፣ ሽሬ እንዳስላሴ ፣ ደብረ ማርቆስ ፣ለቀምት ፣ ጅማ ፣ ጋንቤላ ፣ወዘተ ያሉ በምዝበራ የተሰሩ የባለስልጣናት ምንጩ የማይታወቅ ሀብቶች አሉ ።

2ኛ ልጆቻቸው ምንጩ በማይታወቅ መነሻ ገንዘብ ይዘው በቢሊዮን የሚገመት ብር ፣ዶሏር ይዘው አስመጭና ላኪ ናቸው ። የትላልቅ ኮባንያዏች በባለቤትነት ይዘዋል የባንክ ፣እንሽራንስ ሸሮች ናቸው።
በየቀኑ ለመዝናኛ የሚያወጡት ገንዘብ በአስርሽ የሚቆጠር ነው ።

3 የነዚህ ገዥዏች ልጆች በአመሪካ ታላላቅ ስቴቶች ከተሞች ፣በበልጅም ፣ጀርመን ፣በቻይና ፣ ያለአንዳች ወድድር ለትምህርት ተልከው በከፍተኛ ክፍያ በተለዬ ሙቾት ይማራሉ ፣ ስለነዚህ የተቀማጠለ ንሮ ፈረንጆችም ይገረማሉ ።

በተለይ በአመሪካ በተለያዩ ከተሞት አማሪካውያን የሌላቸው ምርጥ በውድ ቤት ክራይ ይኖራሉ ፣በአመሪካ ከ20 አመት በላይ ተቀምጠው ያልገዙዋቸው ገዝተው ይዝናናሉ ። ይዶሏር የሀገራችን ገንዘብ ነው ።

4ኛ የኛ ገዥዏች በስርአታቸው ንቀጥላለን አንቀጥልም የሚል በራሳቸው መተማመን ስለሌላቸው ልጆቻቸውና ሚስቶቻቸው ዜግነት አግኝተው በኩፉ ጊዜ መጠግያ እንዲሆኑባቸው አስቀድመው ለ25 አመታት እየሰሩበት የቆዩ ሚስቶቻቸው ሲያረግዙ አመሪካ ይላካሉ በውድ ዶሏር ይዋለዳሉ ፣ የተወለደው ህጻን አመሪካዊ ዜግነት ይይዛል ። ይህ ራሱ ሙሱና ነው ። በእንደዚህ አይነት የባለስልጣናት ሚስቶች ሊወልዱ አመሪካ ሄደው በዛው የቀሩ እጅግ ቡዙ ናቸው ። በተጨማሪ ባለስልጣኖቹ ያላቸው የስልጣን ቦታና ከውጭ ዲፕሎማሲ ግንኝነት በመጠቀም ዘርዘራቸው እንዲሁም ጓደኞቻቸው አመሪካ ፣ ከናዳ ፣አውስትራሊያ ፣አውሮፓ አስፈረዋል ። ዜጎች ወደ ውጭ ፍልሰትም በር ከፋች ናቸው ።

5ኛባለስልጣናት በልጆቻቸው ፣በራሳቸው በቤተሰቦቻቸው በቀጥታ ይሁን በተዘዋዋሪ ሙንጩ ያልታወቀ ሀብት የከንስትራክሽ ማሽነሪ በሞቶየሚቆጠሩ የደረቅና የፈሳሽ ጭነት መኪኖች በባለቤትነት የያዙ ትጃሮች ተፈጥረዋል ። እነዚ የያዙት የምዝበራ ሀብት በየት ገባ ፣በምን ተገዛ ፣ተቀርጿል ወይ ? የሚል ቁቁጥር የለውም ። ለምሳሌ አንድ ጡሮቶኛ ጡሮታ ሲወጣ ከ40 በላይ ቡልደዞሮች ካተር ፒላር ኤክሰካባታር ሲገዛ ፣ዝቅተኛ የስልጣን እርከን ያላቸው ። እንኳን ከ5 እስከ 15 ገልባጭ ቡልዶዞሮች ፣ግሪደር ፣ሎዶር ፣ የመሳሰሉት ሀብት አካብተዋል ።

6ኛ እነዚህ ገዥዏች የሰሩት ህንጻዏች የገዙዋቸው የጭነት መኪናዏች የኮንስትራክሽን ማሽነሪዎች እንተዏውና በቤታቸው ያለው ፈርንቸር የቤት ጌጣጌጥ በ100 ሚሊዮን የሚገመት ብር ሸ ዋጋ ከጀርመን ፣ከኢታሊ ፣ ከድባይ ፣ከቻይና ፣ከቱርክ ወዘተ ገዝተው ያስገባሉ ። ወደቤታቸው መሰሎቻቸው ካልሆኑ ማንም ሰው ወይ እንግዳ አያስገቡም ሚስጢር እንዳይ ጋለጥ ነው ።በተጨማሪም እነዚህ ፍጡራን ከስስትነታቸው የተነሳ በሁሉም ክልሎች ፣ አዲስ አበባ የሚኖሩ ገዥዏች ህዝብ በመኖርያ ቤት እጦት እየተሰቃዬ እያለ በምዝበራ የሰሩት ህንጻዏችና ቪሏዏች በወድ ዋጋ እያካራዩ ለራሳቸው በምርጥ የመንግስት ቤት ይኖሯሉ ። በሌላ በኩል በዬክልሉ የሚገኙ የኢህአደግ ባለስልጣናት አዲስ አበባም የሚኖሩ ጭምርር የማይኖሩበት በስማቸው በዘመድ አዝማድ ፣ በጓዶኞቻቸው ስም የቀበሌ ቤት በባለቤትነት በመያዝ በውድ ዋጋ እያካረዩ የህዝብ ገንዘብ ይዝቃሉ ።

ሌላ ጠ/ ምኔስቴር ያላዩት በባለስልጣናት ሚስቶች ፣ወንድም ህት ፣ እየተባሉ ኤፈርትና ጥረት የመያክል ምንጩ የማይታወቅ በቢሊዬን ብር የሚገመት ሀብት ያፈሩ ለማየት ተስናቸው ምሶኞች ጠቁሙን ሲሉ ምን ያህል የዋህ መሆናቸው ገርሞኛል ። በመሆኑም በተናገሩት አነጋገር ህዝብ ከማፈሩም በዘለለ አመኔታም አጥቷል ።
የተከበሩ ጠ / ምንስቴር በሙሶኞች እርምጃ ለመውሰድ ህዝብ ይጠቁመን ያሉትን ዳግም ቢፈቱሹት ያሻል ።
ጠ/ ምንስቴር እኔ የጀንሆይ ፣የደርግ ፣ በህወሀት ኢህአደግ ጋርም 19 አመት ታግዬ ከዚሁ ፓርቲ ውጭም 24 አመት ኑሬ አለሁ የኢህአደግ ምዝበራ ካለፉት ስርአታት ሳወዳድር ምንም እንካን ሁለቱ ሰርአቶች የተባላሹ ቢኖሩም ጥቂቶች ተራ መኖሩያ ቤት ቢኖራቸውም ። የዘመናችን ባለስልጣናት ግን ከላይ የዘረዘር ኩት ፣ ሀብት እጅጉን የላቀና ሀላፍነት የጎደለው ወረራን ይታያል ። ይህ ሁኔታ ጠ / ምኒስቴሩ ደፍረው ለመናገር አልደፈሩም ። ምክንያቱም ደፍረው እርምጃ ከወሰዱ ሁሉም የስርአቱ ባለሰልጣናት በሙሉ ወደ ጭቃ ስለተነከሩ ኢህአደግ ከግንዱ እንዳይገረሰስ ስለሰጉ ነው መሰለኝ ። ግን ደግሞ የመንግስትዎ ቁስሉን ቢደብቁት ቢደብቁት ፣ቢያክሙት ቢያክሙት ፣በምንም አይድንም ይልቁንስ ከህዝብ ጋር በግልጽ በመወያዬት ለሀገራችን መፍትሄ ያፋላልጉ ።በአሁኑ ጊዜ ለህዝብ መሸወድ አይቻልም ።ህዝቡ ከኢህአደግ ስርአት በንቃተ ህሊና ወደ ፊት መጥቋል ።
ከአስገደ ገብረስላሴ ከመቀሌ ፣
11 / 5 / 2009 ፣

EMF

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

ተቃዋሚዎች ከወያኔ ጋር የሚያደርጉትን ድርድር በአስቸኳይ ያቁሙ! -ሠዓሊ አምሳሉ ገ/ኪዳን አርጋው

ለሀገር ጥቅም ሲባል ተቃዋሚዎች ከወያኔ ጋር የሚያደርጉትን ድርድር በአስቸኳይ ያቁሙ

ወያኔ ከገባበት ጭንቅ ለመውጣት ያልሞከረው መላ የለም ማለት ይቻላል፡፡ ጥልቅ ተሐድሶ በማለት “መታደሳችንን ያሳይልናል!” ያሉትን አታላይና ደላይ የተለያዩ የብዙኃን መገናኛ ዝግጅቶችና ከሕዝብ ጋር የተደረጉ ውይይቶችን፣ የደሞዝ ጭማሪን፣ አቅምና ደጋፊ ለሌላቸው ወገኖች የመመገቢያ ጣቢያዎችን በማደራጀት ለመመገብ መታሰቡን፣ ከተቃዋሚዎች ጋር ድርድርን፣ አሁን ደግሞ በመጨረሻ አቶ ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝንና አቶ ሽፈራው ሽጉጤን ተዋናይ በማድረግ አቶ ኃይለማርያምን ከብአዴን ጋር አቶ ሽፈራውን ደግሞ ከሕወሀት ጋር በማሰለፍ አሥጊና የተጋጋለ ሽኩቻ ያለ በማስመሰል ሕዝቡ በራሱ እያደረገው ያለውን ትግል ትቶ ይሄ የተጋጋለ የተባለውን ሽኩቻ “ይገላግለናን!” ብሎ ተስፋ አድርጎ እንዲጠብቅ ለማድረግ የተፈጠረ የውሸት የፀብ ድራማ (ትዕይንተ ኩነት) ደርሰው እያራገቡት ይገኛሉ፡፡

ይህ የውሸት ፀብ ሕዝቡ እውነት መስሎት እያደረገ ያለውን ተቃውሞና ትግል ትቶ የዚህን የውሸት ፀብ ውጤት እንዲጠባበቅ በማድረግ እያደረገ ካለው ተቃውሞና ትግል እንዲወጣ እንዲርቅ እንዲተው ለማድረግ የተፈጠረ መላ መሆኑን የሚያረጋግጠው 1ኛ. ይሄ አለ የተባለውን የተጋጋለ ሽኩቻ ዜናን በተመሳሳይ ሰዓት በማኅበራዊ የብዙኃን መገናኛው ይፋ ያደረጉት የወያኔ ካድሬዎችና ደጋፊዎች መሆናቸው ሲሆን 2ኛ. የሚወሩት የሽኩቻው ድርጊቶች ለአቶ ኃይለማርያምና ለአቶ ሽፈራው የተጋነነና ፈጽሞ የማይመስል አቅም የሰጡ መሆኑ ወዘተረፈ. ናቸው፡፡ እንግዲህ ወያኔ ከገጠመው ሕዝባዊ ዐመፅ፣ እምቢተኝነትና ተቃውሞ ለማምለጥ ለመትረፍ በሚያደርገው መንፈራገጥ እነኝህንና እነኝህን የመሳሰሉ የማስመሰል ተግባራትን እየፈጸመ ይገኛል፡፡ በእነኚህ የወያኔ የጭንቅ ጊዜ የማምለጫ ዘዴዎች ተስፋ የጣለ ዜጋ ቢኖር ከይቅርታ ጋር የመጨረሻ ቂል መሆኑን ልነግረው እወዳለሁ፡፡ ከዚህ ቀደም በተደጋጋሚ እንደገለጽኩት ወያኔ ተገዶ ተሸንፎ ካልሆነ በስተቀር በሰላማዊ የትግል አማራጮች ሥልጣንን እንዳይለቅ እንዳያስረክብ ሦስት ዋና ዋና ጉዳዮች ይከለክሉታል
1ኛ. የሚከተለው ርዕዮተዓለም፡፡ የወያኔ ርዕዮተዓለም መሠረት ያደረገው ጎሳን ነው፡፡ ርዕዮተዓለምን ጎሳ ላይ መመሥረት ከባድ ድንቁርና ነው፡፡ ምክንያቱም ጎሳ ወይም ብሔረሰብ ሐሳባዊ ነው፡፡ የሰው ልጆች ምንጫቸው አንድ በመሆኑ አንዱ ከሌላው የተለየ ደምና የተለየ የሰውነት ዋጋ ይኖረው ይመስል ከጊዜ በኋላ ተጨባጭነት በሌለው ምክንያት አንድ ቋንቋና ባሕል ያለውን ሕዝብ ሁሉ በጎሳ መክፈል ሐሳባዊ እንጅ ተጨባጭ ባለመሆኑ ነው ርዕዮተዓለምን ጎሳ ወይም ብሔረሰብ ላይ መመሠረት ድንቁርናና ኋላቀርነት የሚሆነው፡፡ ወያኔ ርዕዮተዓለሙን ጎሳ ላይ በመመሥረቱ ምክንያት ሀገርንና የኢትዮጵያን ሕዝብ ቅድሚያ ትኩረት ነፍጓቸዋል፣ እንዲነፈጋቸውም አድርጓል፡፡

በወያኔ የአገዛዝ ዘመን ወያኔ የጎሳውን ጥቅም ለማስከበር ለማስጠበቅ ሲል በርካታ ሀገርንና ሕዝብን የሚጎዱ ነገሮች ተፈጽሟል፣ የራሱና የጎሳው ጥቅም የሚጎዳ መስሎ ሲታየው በርካታ ሊጠበቁ ሊከበሩ የሚገባቸውን የሀገርንና የሕዝቧን ጥቅሞች እንዳይሆኑ አድርጓቸዋል፣ አጥፍቷቸዋል፣ ጎድቷቸዋል፣ አስቀርቷቸዋል፡፡ ይህ ርዕዮተዓለሙ ወያኔን የሀገርንና የሕዝቧን ጥቅም ካስቀደሙ ሀገር አቀፍ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች (የእምነተ አሥተዳደር ቡድኖች) ጋር በአገዛዝ ዘመኑ ሁሉ በምን ጉዳይ ላይ እንዳይስማማና እንዳይግባባ አድርጎት ቆይቷል፡፡ ወያኔ ከገጠመው ጭንቅ ለመውጣት አታሎ ለማለፍ አስመስሎ ይጫወት ይሆናል እንጅ ርዕዮተዓለሙ በተለይም ሀገር አቀፍ ከሆኑ ፓርቺዎች (ቡድኖች) ጋር በምንም ጉዳይ ላይ እንዲግባባ ፈጽሞ የሚፈቅድለት አይደለም፡፡

2ኛ. ዕኩይ ተፈጥሮው፡፡ ወያኔ የአጋንንት እንጅ የሰው ተፈጥሮ የለውም፡፡ ይህ ዕኩይ ተፈጥሮው ነው ወያኔን የፖለቲካ ደንቆሮና ሀገርን ለመምራት የማይመጥን ያደረገው፡፡ ሀገርን እመራለሁ ከሚል አካል በፍጹም በማይጠበቅ መልኩ “በመቃብራችን ላይ ካልሆነ በስተቀር!” የሚል አመክንዮን (logic) እና በገዥ ሐሳብ በምክንያት የመመሥረትን በጎ ፈቃድ (Rationality) አንቅሮ ተፍቶ ባዶ ግትርነትን የነገሮች ሁሉ መቋጫው እንዲያደርግ ያደረገው ዕኩይ ተፈጥሮው ነው፡፡ ወያኔ በተፈጥሮው እንዲህ ዓይነት እስከሆነ ጊዜ ድረስ ከገጠመው ጭንቅ ለማምለጥ በማስመሰል ሊጫወት ይችል ይሆናል እንጅ ከልቡ ትርጉም ያለው ወይም መሠረታዊ ለውጥ ሊያስገኝ በሚያስችል መልኩ ሚያደርገው አንዳችም ነገር አይኖርም፡፡

3ኛ. መቸም ጊዜ ቢሆን የሕግ የበላይነት መረጋገጡ የግድ ነውና ወያኔ በሀገርና በሕዝብ ላይ የፈጸማቸው ክህደቶች፣ ኢሰብአዊ አረመኔያዊ ግፎችና በደሎች ሥልጣን ባስረከበ ማግሥት እያሳነቀ ለፍርድ እንደሚያቀርበው ጠቅቆ ማወቁ የፈጠረበት ሥጋት የሚሉት ናቸው፡፡ በእነኝህ ምክንያቶች ወያኔ በምንም ተአምር ሥልጣን ከሱ እጅ ወጥቶ ወደ ሌላ አካል እንዲተላለፍ አይፈቅድም፣ አይፈልግም እንጅ “እሽ!” ብሎ “ላስረክብ ተረከቡኝ!”ቢል እንኳ ከወያኔ ጋር በዚህ መልኩ በሰላም መለያየት የሀገርንና የሕዝብን ጥቅም በእጅጉ የሚጎዳ በመሆኑ ተቃዋሚ ነን የሚሉ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች ሁሉ ድርድር ያሉትን
ጨዋታ በአስቸኳይ እንዲያቆሙ በግሌ እጠይቃለሁ! ወያኔ በኃይል መወገድ ይኖርበታል እንጅ ከሱ ጋር በሰላም መለያየቱ ለሀገርና ለሕዝቧ ጥቅም የማያዋጣና በከፍተኛ ደረጃ ጎጅ የሚሆንበት ምክንያት አስቀድሜ ከዓመታት በፊት እንደገለጽኩት ወያኔ ሥልጣንን በሕዝብ ይሁንታና ምርጫ ሳይሆን በኃይል እንደመያዙና ሲጀመር ጀምሮ በኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ እጅግ የተጠላ የማይፈለግ እንደመሆኑ መጠን እንደ
አሰብንና ባድሜን ለሸአቢያ አሳልፎ የሰጠበት፣ ከጎንደር እስከ ጋምቤላ የሚደርሰውን ሰፊ የሀገር ግማድ መሬት ለሱዳን አሳልፎ የሰጠበት፣ የዓባይን ወንዝ ለመስኖ መጠቀምን የሚከለክል ስምምነት ከግብጽ ጋር ያደረገበትን የመሳሰሉ  የሀገርንና የሕዝብን ብሔራዊና ሉዓላዊ ጥቅሞች አሳልፎ የሰጠባቸው በ26 ዓመታቱ የአገዛዝ ዘመኑ የተፈራረማቸው ውሎችና ስምምነቶች የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ውክልና፣ ይሁንታና ዕውቅና ሳይኖረው፣ ሳይሰጠው፣ ሳያገኝ በክህደትና በማንአለብኝነት የፈጸማቸው ሕገወጥ ውሎችንና ስምምነቶች ስለሆኑና የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ዕውቅና፣ ውክልናና ይሁንታ ባልሰጠውና እራሱን በኃይል ባስቀመጠው አካል ለተፈረሙ የሀገርንና የሕዝቧን ብሔራዊና ሉዓላዊ ጥቅሞች አሳልፈው ለሰጡ ውሎችና ስምምነቶች የመገዛት ግዴታ ስለሌለበትና ሊኖርበትም ስለማይችል እነኝህን ክህደት የተፈጸመባቸውን ውሎችና ስምምነቶች ወዳቂ ወይም ቀሪ ማድረግና ሁኔታዎችን የሀገርና የሕዝብ ብሔራዊ ጥቅምና ሉዓላዊነት ለማስከበር ወደሚቻልበት ሁኔታ መመለስ የምንችልበትን መብትና ፖለቲካዊ ምኅዳር ማግኘት ወይም መፍጠር የምንችለው ወያኔን በገባበት ሁኔታ ቀጥቅጠን በኃይል ካስወገድነው፣ ወደመቃብሩ ካወረድነው ብቻና ብቻ ነው፡፡ በመሆኑም ለሀገርና ለሕዝቧ ሉዓላዊና ብሔራዊ ጥቅሞቻችን ሲባል ከወያኔ ጋር ድርድር እናደርጋለን የምትሉ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች፣ ብሔራዊ ዕርቅ ጠያቂ የሀገር ሽማግሌዎችና የእምነት አባቶች ሁሉ ከድርጊቶቻቹህ ታቅባቹህ ወያኔ በኃይል በሚወገድበት ጉዳይ ላይ ትረባረቡ ዘንድ እንደ ዜጋ አበክሬ ማሳሰብ እወዳለሁ! ለግል ጥቅም በመጓጓት፣ ሊደርስ የሚችልን የሀገርና የሕዝብን ዘላቂና ቋሚ ከፍተኛ ጉዳት ከምንም ባለመቁጠር ድርድራቹህንና ስምምነታቹህን ከወያኔ ጋር ቀጥላቹህ ሰላማዊ የሥልጣን ሽግግር እንዲደረግ ብታደርጉ ግን ይህ ድርጊታቹህ ሀገራችንን በወያኔ ያጣቻቸውን ብሔራዊና ሉዓላዊ ጥቅሞች “እንዳጣች ትቅር!” ብሎ ማለት ስለሆነ በታሪክና በኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ፊት ከወያኔ በከፋ መልኩ ተጠያቂ መሆናቹህን እንድታውቁ!
ድል ለኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ!!! ኢትዮጵያ ለዘለዓለም ትኑር!!!
ሠዓሊ አምሳሉ ገ/ኪዳን አርጋው
amsalugkidan@gmail.com

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

TrAIDing in Misery: The T-TPLF, its Partners and Famine in Ethiopia

By Prof. Al Mariam

The T-TPLF (Thugtatorship of the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front) is out in full force once again on its annual panhadling circuit.

In January 2016, the T-TPLF was out peddling for food aid and blaming the West for being ungenerous.

For the past one-quarter century, the T-TPLF has been panhandling in the name of the Ethiopian people.

Aaah! So mortifying to listen to the annual chatter of beggars’ teeth.

Last week, the T-TPLF Disaster Commissioner Mitiku Kassa yelped to the international community to cough up “USD$948 million in aid” because “we are facing a new drought”.

That is the same Mitiku Kassa who in 2010 declared, “In the Ethiopian context, there is no hunger, no famine… It is baseless [to claim hunger or famine], it is contrary to the situation on the ground. It is not evidence-based. The government is taking action to mitigate the problems.”

In May 2016, Dr. Alex DeWaal, Executive director of the World Peace Foundation at Tufts University and a longtime associate of the T-TPLF also declared: There is “no famine in Ethiopia… Ethiopians aren’t starving to death… People aren’t dying… Animals are dying of thirst…”

In 2017, there is aggravated famine in Ethiopia; and the T-TPLF is completely paralyzed in a state of emergency and unable to “mitigate the problem”

In his first press conference in Addis Ababa after the T-TPLF seized power, its late leader Meles Zenawi declared that the litmus test for the success of his regime should be whether Ethiopians were able to eat three meals a day. (Watch video here.)

Two decades later in 2011, Meles pompously declared, “We have devised a plan which will enable us to produce surplus and be able to feed ourselves by 2015 without the need for food aid.”

A quarter of a century after the T-TPLF seized power, Ethiopia is still in the grips of Biblical famine and endless “new droughts”.

Save the Children in its June 2014-June 2016 report stated that it was “by the middle of 2015… that the Government of Ethiopia played its fundamental role of recognizing  and responding to the gravity of the loss of harvest, and lack of food and water for hundreds of thousands of families, calling on the support of the international community  to prevent a terrible catastrophe.”

Simply stated, until mid-2015, the T-TPLF was asleep at the switch or just pretending “there is no hunger and no famine” in Ethiopia. Ho hum! Yawn. Another famine?!

The 2017 “U.N. Humanitarian Requirements Document”, claims in 2016 “the Government of Ethiopia, allocated more than $735 million to initiate the HRD response and to facilitate a speedy response to additional needs as the situation evolved.” It also reports, “As we turn to 2017, the number of people that require humanitarian assistance has significantly decreased from that of 2016. This is due to the positive impact of the kiremt/gu/ganna rains and the subsequent above-average meher harvest”.

So the simple question is: Why is USD$ 1 billion needed (nearly 25 percent more aid) if “the number of people that require humanitarian assistance is significantly decreased in 2017”?

In July 2016, Save the Children warned that by the end of the year, An estimated 10.2 million people, including more than 5.75 million children, will remain reliant on emergency food assistance. In 2015-16, Save the Children “programmed USD$90 million worth of relief activities.”

In 2016, the “worst drought in 50 years” is alleged to have occurred in Ethiopia “devastating eight out of 10 people who depend on farming and livestock.” Some 18 million (18 percent of the population) Ethiopians received $1.7 billion in emergency aid in 2016. (I am using the word “alleged” because I wonder if the T-TPLF and its international poverty pimp partners are using hyperbole and over-dramatization to scare and squeeze more dollars from private and governmental donors. “The sky is falling,” clucked Chicken Little as he announced the end of the world.

The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization warns that the “impact is expected to be most dire in early 2017 among livestock, with unusually early migrations, excess mortality rates and extreme emaciation.” In April 2016, USAID Administrator Gayle E. Smith said exactly the same thing. They all share the same talking points in their unified campaign to squeeze more aid dollars from donors.

In May 2016, the T-TPLF Disaster Commissioner at a press conference with USAID Thomas Staal Acting Assistant Administrator for the Bureau of Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Affairs, USAID said: “As you all know, Ethiopia has a drought which is caused by the global climate event, El Nino.  The effect of the current drought is severe as compared to the 1974 and 1984 disasters. So for the drought we appealed 10.2 million people, and with regard to the resource it was $1.4 billion.”

In its 2016 humanitarian response “Mid-Year Review”, UNICEF placed the entire problem of famine on “El Niño, combined with extensive flooding, disease outbreaks and the disruption of basic public services.”

The T-TPLF and its partners are trying to blame everything on El Nino and climate change; and absolve the T-TPLF from any moral, political or legal responsibility for the recurrent famines.

I find it painfully humorous whenever the international poverty pimps circle the wagons around the T-TPLF and try to distract attention from human beings dying from lack of food to farm animals dying from lack of feed. They play these clever semantic games. The fact is that in Ethiopia and the rest of Africa, when livestock die, people also die because livestock are a primary source of household food, income and vital assets.

What is even more jarring and bizarre is the fact that in one of the “world’s fastest growing economies” nearly 20 percent of  the population is facing chronic famine, year after year after year!

In July 2014, in a speech before the Committee of the U.N. Disaster Risk reduction, Disaster Commissioner  Kassa said Ethiopia as “one of the world’s fastest growing economies” and the “Government of Ethiopia has put a disaster risk reduction and resilience building at the top of its agenda”. He assured the Committee that his government’s “disaster risk management approach is in line with the Hugo (sic) Framework of Action”.

The Hyogo Framework promotes strategies for “disaster risk reduction being underpinned by a more pro-active approach to informing, motivating and involving people in all aspects of disaster risk reduction in their own local communities.”

In July 2016, the T-TPLF’s puppet prime minister (PPM) Hailemariam Desalegn said:

Agricultural output during the 2014/15 meher season was better than last years, but improved 2016 belg rains saw outputs rising by seven percent. This rise impacted the entire sector, triggering a three percent growth in the same year, injecting a one to one and a half percent contribution to the overall Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country.

On December 27, 2016, the PPM gave assurances that Ethiopia “will register a double digit economic growth in the fiscal year as it is now on the right track of growth.” He said, “Agriculture, even though the drought situation is very huge, has shown a positive trend of growth.”

Pray tell:

If Ethiopia is developing economically by leaps and bounds and agricultural output rose “by seven percent”  and the GDP grew in 2016, how is it that nearly one-fifth, and possibly more, of the Ethiopian population is facing starvation again in 2017?

If the “Government of Ethiopia” “proactively” implemented Hyogo disaster strategies, how is it that three years after Kassa’s declaration, nearly one-fifth, and possibly more, of the Ethiopian population is facing starvation again in 2017?

Famine and starvation in Ethiopia are the most important issues to me because the right to life is the bedrock of all human rights.

Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 11 of the 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) recognize the right to food as the quintessential human right.

I have written countless commentaries on famine and starvation in Ethiopia. I have tried to call attention to the structural nature of famine and starvation and how the T-TPLF has used famine to profit on the misery of the famine victims and cling to power. I have even demonstrated how the T-TPLF has “weaponized famine”.

In my October 2014 commentary, “The Rise and Fall of the “Baksheesh State” (beggar state) in Ethiopia, I explained how the T-TPLF has made Ethiopia the beggar nation of the African continent. Today the T-TPLF Baksheesh State has descended into a Baksheesh State of Emergency.

The T-TPLF spreads bogus statistics (BS) like horse manure to prove that it is “transforming” Ethiopia into an African “powerhouse” and boasts that it will make Ethiopia a “middle income country by 20125.”

In my January 8, 2017 commentary entitled, “The World Bank Liars in Ethiopia”, I demonstrated how the T-TPLF coordinates and cleverly propagates BS by passing it through the World Bank and other international poverty pimps in an attempt to validate and legitimize its fake economic growth.

I have been challenging T-TPLF BS for quite a few years. But I was not alone in trying to put the T-TPLF to proof.

In 2012, The Economist called out the T-TPLF on its BS:

It is not clear how factual Ethiopia’s economic data are. Life is intolerably expensive for Ethiopians in Addis Ababa, the capital, and its outlying towns. Some think Ethiopia’s inflation figures are fiddled with even more than those in Argentina. Even if the data are deemed usable, the double-digit growth rates predicted by the government of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi look fanciful.

In other words, T-TPLF’s BS is really BS.

But the tragic fact is that in January 2017, life is even more intolerably expensive for Ethiopians in Addis Ababa, the capital, and its outlying towns!

I raise the BS issue because the T-TPLF and its partners (I did not say in crime) claim in their publicity campaigns that the T-TPLF has put in hundreds of millions of dollars towards famine relief and mitigation.

The United Nation’s International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) in its “Humanitarian Response Planning for 2017 reported: “Over the same period [2016] the Government of Ethiopia contributed ETB16.5 billion (US$735 million), including to response activities beyond the initial scope of the 2016 HRD.”

There is ABSOLUTELY not a shred of evidence to support the claim that T-TPLF put in hundreds of millions of dollars for famine relief in Ethiopia. It is just another T-TPLF BS legitimized by the poverty pimps and generally accepted as fact without any demonstrable evidence.

As most of my regular readers know, the T-TPLF coordinates its BS game with the international loaners, donors and poverty pimps. I guess the T-TPLF and its partners follow George W. Bush’s light-hearted advice: “You can fool some of the people all the time, and those are the ones you want to concentrate on.”

But what exactly is UNICEF doing in Ethiopia? UNICEF supposedly aims to “address the needs of children in the developing world”. Is that what it is doing in Ethiopia?

UNICEF claims to be “mandated” to work and collaborate with the local regimes in addressing the needs of children. The question is why UNICEF does not work with independent nongovernmental organizations, unaffiliated with regime corruptoids  to help children.

There is little doubt that UNICEF’s “resident coordinators” are in the back pockets of the T-TPLF. They are determined to legitimize, justify and affirm T-TPLF actions and remain on the good side of the T-TPLF leaders. Unfortunately, it is on the basis of the reports prepared by these coordinators that UNICEF headquarters makes its decisions.

Famine in Ethiopia is the result of poor governance

The fundamental problem with famine in Ethiopia is poor governance, not drought; incompetent and indifferent governance, not environmental factors.

The recurrent famines in Ethiopia are man made; that is, they are “made” by a corrupt, indifferent, incompetent and a clueless regime that lack political will to deal with the recurrent problem. The T-TPLF leaders in Ethiopia have a petrified “bush mentality” impervious to rational planning and policy making.

On August 16, 2011, Wolfgang Fengler, a lead economist for the World Bank said it straight up: “This [famine] crisis [in Ethiopia] is man made. Droughts have occurred over and again, but you need bad policy making for that to lead to a famine.

The World Bank liars have been lying ever since.

In fact, Ethiopia today is 123 out of 125 worst fed countries in the world.

There is a joke that has been going around for some years about the time the PPM Hailemariam was asked if he was worried about the poor rains and looming famine in Ethiopia. Replied the PPM, “We are not worried about the rains in Ethiopia; we are worried about the rains in America and Canada.” No joke; the T-TPLF expects North American taxpayers to fill its begging bowls every year while it stands idly by chattering its teeth for alms.

The fox in charge of the hen house?

Can a Beggar State of Emergency end famine in Ethiopia?

The T-TPLF panhandlers are chattering their teeth once again to fleece donors of USD$1 billion for the foreseeable future. We all know that by mid-year the T-TPLF will be out panhandling for one-half billion dollars more. That is how the T-TPLF rolled for the past decade.

But what happened to all of the “humanitarian aid” the T-TPLF received over the past decades?

In its January 4, 2017 Food Assistance Factsheet  USAID reported that its “partners”  in “targeting food insecure Ethiopians with long-term development interventions” include the “Relief Society of Tigray, Catholic Relief Services (CRS), Food for the Hungry (FH), and Save the Children International (SCI) and the Office of Food for Peace (FFP).”

“Targeting food” means food handouts and “food insecure Ethiopians” means starving and famine-stricken Ethiopians. The T-TPLF, USAID and the international poverty pimps think they can fool us with fancy words and phrases.

According to USAID, these organizations, including REST, administered USD$756.9 million worth of USAID “food aid” in Ethiopia in 2016!

But why is REST distributing famine aid in Ethiopia?

What is REST?

REST is an arm of the T-TPLF which has been in the famine and money laundering business for decades.

In 1984, when normal delivery of emergency humanitarian aid to the Tigrai region was made impossible by bombardment of the Derg (military junta) regime, the TPLF used REST to work hand in glove with various American NGOs to supposedly find alternate routes to deliver relief aid to famine victims in rebel-controlled areas. The real aim of REST was to skim and launder humanitarian aid money for  the personal and organizational use of the TPLF leadership.

Much of the firsthand account of famine aid-sharking and money laundering by the TPLF through REST was provided by former TPLF members.

As I documented in my May 2011 Huffington Post commentary  “Licensed to Steal”,  Gebremedhin Araya, a former treasurer and TPLF co-founder Dr. Aregawi Berhe, detailed the scam the TPLF used to swindle, hustle and con millions of dollars from international famine relief organizations in the mid-1980s.

The two former top leaders accused the TPLF top brass, including Zenawi, for taking tens of millions of dollars earmarked for famine relief in the Tigrai region to buy weapons and enrich themselves. Gebremedhin reported personally handing out cash payments and checks in the hundreds of thousands of dollars to the late TPLF capo Meles Zenawi and TPLF godfather Sebhat Nega, the top two TPLF leaders who controlled the cash flow of the organization. Although Gebremedhin was the treasurer, he said he was not privileged to know what happened to the money after he delivered it to Zenawi or Nega.

Dr. Aregawi told the BBC that of the $100 million that went through TPLF hands at the time, $95 million was diverted for weapons purchases and other purposes not related to famine relief. He stated that the TPLF stage-managed “dramas” to “fool the aid workers”. A BBC investigation identified a 1985 official CIA document which concluded: “Some funds that insurgent organizations are raising for relief operations, as a result of increased world publicity, are almost certainly being diverted for military purposes.”

The current administrator of USAID, Gayle E. Smith was an employee of REST in the early 1990s.

According to a May 1991 Christian Science Monitor report: “One of the few Westerners who speaks the Tigre language and has had many contacts with Zenawi over a nine-year period, is Gayle Smith, an American who worked for Tigre’s relief agency, REST, during the 1985-6 drought.” (Emphasis added.)

Lo and behold! Today REST is the principal distributor of “humanitarian aid” in Ethiopia!

The same gang of aid thieves who stole, diverted and laundered hundreds of millions of dollars in aid nearly 35 years ago are now doing the same thing today except on a gargantuan scale.

The REST bagman 35 years ago, Teklewoini Assefa, (depicted in a circa 1984 picture below keeping log of piles of cash diverted from famine relief) is today the Executive Director of REST today (p.21). The only difference is that Tekelewoini today swaggers in designer suits and alligator shoes as he counts hundreds of millions of dollars instead of combat khakis and tire tread sandals.

The old sly fox is still guarding the hen house. The perfect SCAM!

The greatest irony of all is the fact that Gayle E. Smith, the former REST employee, became Administrator  of USAID in 2015. When that happened the T-TPLF hit pay dirt, snagged the the mother lode.

Gebremedhin Araya (L); Max Peberdy (C); Tekeleweoini Assefa (R)

No wonder the T-TPLF is panic-stricken today. The days of the USAID gravy train for the T-TPLF in Ethiopia appear to be numbered as the Trump transition team is asking some tough questions about the fraud, waste, abuse and corruption in U.S. aid to Africa.

But that is not all!

What is even more mind-boggling is the fact that REST in its multi-million dollar “charitable” aid distribution business is exempt from the so-called Charities and Societies Law. (Proclamation No. 621/2009 of 2009.)

REST has at least 31 foreign charity “partners” (p. 37) including the Development Fund Norway, Oxfam America, Packard Foundation, RKK Japan, European Union (EU), IFAD, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), The World Bank, World Food Program (WFP) and other NGOs.

One case that provides clear and convincing evidence of the double standard the T-TPLF uses to discriminate between T-TPLF affiliated “charities” and all others is evidenced in a REST proposal (p. iii) to WellWishers Trust (WW), a “foreign charity”. The proposal seeks funds to support a potable water supply development in “six weredas in Tgray, Ethiopia” for the project period of January 2016 to December 2016.

According to the 2015 WellWishers Trust statement of financial performance, the Trust made “donations to charity (Water Wells in Ethiopia)” in the amount of $661,910.58.

WellWishers declares it conducts its well construction projects in northern Ethiopia with “our partner The Relief Society of Tigray (REST)”. In explaining its “confidence” in REST, WellWishers describes it as “the largest NGO in Ethiopia and is one of the biggest in Africa. They are very professional and we are very happy with the work they do.”

In its proposal, REST submitted a preliminary project budget to WellWishers in the amount of USD$242,451.42. Of this amount, REST requested USD$200,189.90 from WellWishers and made representations that “the balance [USD$42, 261.52] will be contributed from REST and the community.”

Simply stated,  REST will receive 82.56 percent of its project revenue in the proposal from a “foreign charity” source and 17.43 percent from local sources.

Indeed, WellWishers over the years has provided substantial funding to REST which was allegedly used to construct water wells in Tigray.

It does not take a lawyer to figure out that the REST project proposal to WW is patently illegal under the Charities and Societies Proclamation which clearly requires  that local charities can only receive 10 percent of their budget from foreign funding. (See section 2.2., 2.3, 2.4 of the Proclamation.)

Under the “Proclamation”,  “charitable societies” specifically include organizations such as REST engaged in the “the prevention or alleviation or relief of poverty or disaster the advancement of the economy and social development and environmental protection or improvement”.

REST can receive 82.56 percent of its revenue from a “foreign charity” and get away with it! 

In contrast, seven years ago in 2010, a year after the enactment of the Proclamation, the Ethiopian Human Rights Council (HRCO), the country’s first  and only human rights monitoring group was forced by the T-TPLF to close nine of its twelve offices and cut 85 per cent of its staff because it “received” more than 10 percent of its revenue from foreign charities.

Similarly, Ethiopia’s premier women’s rights group, the Ethiopian Women’s Lawyers Association (EWLA), was forced to cut 70 per cent of its staff  because it received more than 10 percent of its revenue from a “foreign charity”.

Should the international community give a dime in “humanitarian aid” to the T-TPLF?

The T-TPLF beggars are chattering their teeth and salivating in anticipation of USD$1 billion in aid from the international community, and mostly from the U.S. The question is whether U.S. taxpayers should hand over $1 billion to the T-TPLF so that they can line their pockets?

I see no reason why U.S. taxpayers have to feed the greedy T-TPLF Beast!

A January 17, 2017 U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Press Release stated, “Nearly 230 representatives from the Government, UN, NGOs and donors visited affected communities across Ethiopia’s nine regions. The assessment concluded that some 5.6 million people will be in need of assistance in the course of 2017.” (Emphasis added.)

Notice that not a single independent journalist came along with the 230 international representatives in the nine regions. Not One!

Why didn’t these “international representatives” bring along international journalists to observe and report on local famine conditions?

Simple! The “international representatives” (poverty pimps) do not want the T-R-U-T-H to be told to the international community. They just want to collect billions of dollars by talking gloom and doom.

Why don’t the “international representatives” show us the photos and videos of the famine-impacted areas, population and livestock? What do they have to hide?  Why aren’t international journalists stationed in the country allowed to travel to the affected areas to report?

I am not sorry to call the “230 representatives” poverty pimps and parasi-ticks sucking the blood of poor Ethiopians who profit by trading on the misery of poor and starving Ethiopians.

Suffice it to say that the 230 representatives talking about famine victims in Ethiopia is like a cackle of laughing hyenas holding a convention to discuss the anguish and misery of antelopes or a pack of wolves agonizing over the misfortunes of sheep.

The “230 representatives” shed crocodile tears for Ethiopia’s famine victims. To hell with them!

The fact of the matter is that a good amount of the USD$1 billion is going to line the pockets of T-TPLF leaders, supporters, hangers-on and flunkies through that infamous organization called REST. That is an incontrovertible FACT! Deal with it!

Not a dime to the T-TPLF UNTIL the international press can visit and report on the famine affected areas.

The world needs to know the truth about famine in Ethiopia.

There are 20 million Ethiopians facing starvation. Let the world see the faces of the T-TPLF famine victims.

I have always claimed that the T-TPLF is hiding the scope and magnitude of the famine by prohibiting travel for foreign journalists to visit famine areas and report.

For any international organization or donor country to give aid without T-TPLF transparency and accountability is tantamount to complicity in crimes against humanity.

Could it be that a T-TPLF desperately short on foreign-exchange reserve is trading on the misery of its poor and starving citizens?

Starve the Beast, Feed the People

In my August 2011 commentary on famine in Ethiopia, I made my stand clear and will repeat here one more time:

No more aid to a regime that clings to power by digging its fingers into the ribs of starving children. No more aid to torturers and human rights violators. No aid to election thieves. No aid to those who roll out a feast to feed their supporters and watch their opponents starve to death. Let’s shout in a collective voice to the West — America, England, Germany, the European Union, the IMF, World Bank and the rest of them–: “Starve the bloated T-TPLF beast feeding on the Ethiopian body politics, and help feed the starving people.”

STARVE THE T-TPLF BEAST, FEED THE STARVING ETHIOPIAN PEOPLE!

EMF

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

የአቦይ ስብሃት ነጋ የሙስና ወጎች – ክንፉ አሰፋ

አክሱም ዩኒቨርሲቲም ለአቶ ስብሃት ነጋ የክብር ዶክትሬቱን ሲሰጥ

በአሜሪካ ሃገር፤ አንድ ባለስልጣን በሙስና ሲባልግ እስር ቤት ይገባል።  በፊሊፒንስ ሃገር አንድ ባልስልጣን የሙስና ወንጀል ቢፈጽም አሜሪካ ይገባል።  የኛ ሃገር ባለግዜ ግን ሙስና ሲሰራ አሜሪካ እየተመላለሰ ይነግዳል። ለግዜው ልዩነቱ የዚህን ያህል ነው። ገለልተኛ የፍትህ አካል  ባለበት ሃገር፤  ሙስና አፍ አውጥቶ አይናገርም፣  እግር አውጥቶም አይራመድም።

አዲሱ ቀልድ፤  “ሙስና አለ፣ ማስረጃ የለም!”

በያዝነው “ጥልቅ ተሃድሶ” ዘመን ሙስና ለሁለት ተከፍሎ እንዲታይ ተደርጓል። ማስረጃ ያለው ዘረፋ እና ማስረጃ የሌለው ዘረፋ። ልክ እንደ ግብር አከፋፈል። ግብር ከፋይ “ሀ” እና ግብር ከፋይ “ለ”። ምድቡ በዘረፋው መጠን እና በባለስልጣኑ ጉልበት ይወሰናል።  የዘረፋው መጠን ከአስር ሺህ በር በታች ከሆነ እና ዘራፊው የድል አጥቢያ ታጋይ ከሆነ ማስረጃ ያለው፣  ሙስና ምድብ “ሀ” ይሆናል። መጠኑ ከአስር ሚሊዮን በላይ ከሆነ ደግሞ ሙስና ምድብ “ለ” ተብሏል።  ይህ አይነኬው ምድብ  “ማስራጃ የሌለው ዘረፋ” መሆኑ ነው።  አቅመ-ቢሱ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር በብሄራዊ ቴሌቪዥን ቀርበው የነገሩን ከዚህ እውነታ የተለየ አልነበረም። የህወሃት ማዕከላዊ ኮሚቴ አባላት፣ የፖሊት ቢሮ እና ምክትል ሚኒስትሮች ከአይነኬዎቹ ጎራ ይመደባሉ። የ4 ሺ ብር ደሞዝተኛ፤  ጀነራል የ10 ሚሊየን ብር ቪላ አሰርቶ ሲያከራይ በግላጭ እየታየ፣ “ማስረጃ የለም” ብሎ ማለፍ የሚያሳምን አይሆንም።  የእያንዳንዱ ዘረፋ ማስረጃ፤ እዚያው አፍንጫቸው ላይ ነው ያለው። ግና የሚወሰነው በባለስልጣኑ ጉልበት መጠን ነው።  ምድብ “ለ”ዎችን ለመድፈር መሞከር ራሱ በሙስና ያስቀፈድዳል።  ጸረ-ሙስና የሚባለውም ድርጀት የተፈጠረው ለእነሱ እና በእነሱው በመሆኑ የሚበየነውም የተገመደለ ፍርድ ነው።

ከ83 ሚሊዮን ብር በላይ የዘረፉትን ባለስልጣን ያጋለጡት አቶ ተስፋዬ ኢሬሣ፤  እስካሁን በተሰወሩ ባለ ግዜዎች ተገድለዋል። አቶ ተስፋዬ ከመገደላቸው በፊት ለጸረ-ሙስና  ኮሚሽን የምስክርነት ቃላቸውን ለመስጠት ከኮሚሽነሩ አሊ ሱሌማን ጋር ቀጠሮ ይዘው ነበር።ገዳዮቹ እኝህን ባለ ሃቅ፣ አሊ ሱሌማን ጋር እንኳን እንዲነጋገሩ እድል አልሰጧቸውም።  የምህዳር ጋዜጣ ዋና አዘጋጅ ጋዜጠኛ ጌታቸው ወርቁም፣ በመንበረ ፓትሪያርክ ቅድስት ማርያም ገዳም ላይ የነበረውን  የገንዘብና የንብረት ሙስና  የሚያጋልጥ ዜና በመስራቱ  በከባድ የስም ማጥፋት ተወንጅሎ እስር ቤት ተወርውሯል።…  አያሌ ጌታቸው ወርቁዎች፣ ብዙ ሳይታወቁ የተገደሉ ተስፋዬዎች አሉ።

ስር የሰደደው የህወሃት ሙስና፣ ዛሬ  ከዜጎች ንብረት እና ከመሬት ዝርፍያ አልፎ በቤተ-ጸሎት ውስጥም ዘው ብሎ ገብቷል።   ከሚጓዝበት ከፍተኛ ፍጥነት አንጻር በዓአብያተ-ክርስትያናት  እየተስፋፋ መሄዱ ብዙ አያስደንቅም።  “ኃይለኛ” የሚል ስያሜ የተሰጠው የቁሉቢ ገብርኤል ዘረፋ እንደ ምሳሌ የሚጠቀስ ነው።   ከመዕመናን በተደጋጋሚ የቀረበው የ30 ሚሊዮን የሙስና አቤቱታ ተለባብሶ እንዲያልፍ  የጸረ-ሙስናው ቢሮ ትልቁን ስራ  ሚና ተጫውቷል።

ለፖለቲካው ትኩሳት ማባረጃ ሰሞኑን የተሞከረው የሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ የሙስና ተረት-ተረት ምላሹ ዝምታ መሆኑም፤  ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ዝም ብለው ጉንጭ አልፋ ቃላት እንዳባከኑ መገመት አያድግትም ።  በዝምታ ውስጥ ያለው ጩሀት ግን ሳያስፈራ አልቀረም። እየተካሄደ ስላለው ነገር ሁሉ ብቸኛው  መንገድ ዝምታ ነውና ያስፈራል። ጸጥ ባለ በዚህ ባህር ውስጥ ትናንሽ እና ትላልቅ አሳዎች እንደልባቸው ይዋኛሉ።

የቀድሞ የህወሃት አመራር አባል የነበሩት አቶ ገብሩ አሥራት “ሉዓላዊነትና ዴሞክራሲ በኢትዮጵያ” በሚለው መፅሐፋቸው ስለ ሙስናው ሲጠቅሱ፤ “…መርማሪ አቋቁመን ሥር ሰዷል የተባለውን ሙስና ስንመረምር የት እንደገባ የማይታወቅ 5 ሚሊዮን ብር ተገኘ።  ለዝርፍያው ተጠያቂዎቹም ግርማይ ካህሳይ የሚባል ሒሳብ ሰራተኛ እና ተክለ ወይኒ ነበሩ። …ይህ በሆነ ግዜ ተክለ ወይኒ ተነስቶ ‘ይህ ኮራፕሽን እያላችሁ የምታደርጉት ምርመራ ትክክል አይደለም፤ የተከሰተው ችግር የአሰራር ግድፈት እንጂ ሙስና አይደለም፤ እያንዳንዱ የህወሀት አመራር አባል ቢፈተሽ ተመሳሳይ ግድፈት ሊገኝበት ይችላል። …ዓባይ ፀሐዬ ደግሞ ከሁሉም የባሰ ሙሰኛ እንጂ ሙስናን ሊታገል የሚችል ሰው አይደለም’”  ማለቱን ጠቅሰዋል።

በኢሃዲግኛ ቋንቋ የሚሊዮኖች ዘረፋ፤ ሲተረጎም የአስተዳደር ብልሹነት ሳይሆን ይልቁንም አነስተኛ የአሰራር ጉድፈት ነው።  ይህንን ጥቂት ጉድፈት ደግሞ የማይሰራው የህወሃት ሰው የለም ነው እያሉን ያሉት። ለዚህ “ከገለባ የቀለለ” ጥፋት ታዲያ ከሳሽም፣ ተከሳሽም ሆነ ዳኛው አንድ አካል ነው።

ታላቁ መጽሃፍ እንዲህ ይለናል፤

“…ጻፎችና ፈሪሳውያንም በምንዝር የተያዘችን ሴት ወደ እርሱ አመጡ። በመካከልም እርሱዋን አቁመው።  ‘መምህር ሆይ፥ ይህች ሴት ስታመነዝር ተገኝታ ተያዘች። ሙሴም እንደነዚህ ያሉት እንዲወገሩ በሕግ አዘዘን፤ አንተስ ስለ እርስዋ ምን ትላለህ?’  አሉት። …. መላልሰው በጠየቁት ጊዜ ግን ቀና ብሎ። ከእናንተ ኃጢአት የሌለበት አስቀድሞ በድንጋይ ይውገራት አላቸው።”

እነሆ አቦይ ስብሃት ነጋ ስለ ሙስና ይነግሩናል። ደጋግመው ይነግሩናል። ሙሰኞች መጥፋት አለባቸውም ይሉናል። ሙሴ በአዖሪት እንዳዘዘው ሁሉ ‘ታላቁ መሪ’ ስኳር ያሉትን የኪራይ ሰብሳቢነት ቫይረስ ለማጥፋት – የሌባው እጅ ይቆረጥ በለዋል።  ትእዛዙ ተፈጻሚ አይሆንም እንጂ፣ ቢሆንማ ኖሮ የመጀመርያዋ ሰለባ  “ቀዳሚዋ እምቤት” ነበሩ።  ፉከራው ካንገት በላይ በይሆን ኖሮ የሁሉም ህወሃት ሰዎቸ እጅ  ዱሽ በሆነ ነበር።

ታዲያ ከሃጥያቱ ያልጸዳ ከየት ተገኝቶ የመጀመርያ ድንጋዩን ይወርውር?

“ዝምታ ወርቅ ነው”  እንዲሉ አቦይ ስብሃት ከአንገት በላይ ከሚቀባጥሩ ይልቅ እንደው ዝም ቢሉ ያምርባቸዋል።

የአቶ ስብሀት ነጋ ልጅ ተከስተ ስብሀት ነጋ፤  ግዙፉን የጎተራ አደባባይ ለአምሰት አመት ኮንትራት በ600 ሺህ ብር እንደወሰደው ፎርቹን ጋዜጣ ይፋ አድርጎታል።  የ’አክሊል ክሬቲቭ ኤጄንሲ’ ባለቤት የሆነው ተከስተ ስብሀት ነጋ፤ በአካባቢው ያለን  4000 ስኩዌር ኪሎ ሜትር፣ በቢሊየኖች የሚገመት መሬት እንደ ስጦታ ነው የወሰደው።  ልጃቸው X-5  (አሁን ኤክስ አሙሽተ ተብሏል) ለወዳጆቹ በስሶጣ  እያበረከተ፣ አባቱ ሙሰኞችን እናጥፋ ሲሉ ይቀልዱብናል።  “አባቱ ዳኛ ልጁ ቀማኛ!…”

አቦይ ስብሃት ነጋ ደርሶ፣ አይኑን በጨው አጥቦ ኢትዮጵያ እንዴት በሙስና እንደምትፈራርስ ጋዜጣዊ መግለጫም ይሰጣል። ከጥፋቱ ድፍረቱ።  የዚህን አዛውንት የሙስና መረብ ያጋለጠ አንድ ጥናታዊ ጽህፍ ስለ ስብሃት ነጋ ዘረፋ ሌላም የሚነግረን ነገር አለ። ህልቆ መሳፍርት ከሆኑት ዘረፋዎች ጥቂቶቹን ብቻ ለመጥቀስ፤

አድማስ ዩኒቨርስቲ ኮለጅ ባለቤት አቶ ይብራህ፣ የአቶ ስብሃት የአክስት ልጅ ነው። ይህ ሰው ያለ አንድ መነሻ ካፒታል በአዲስ አበባ በሁለት ቦታዎች አድማስ በሚል 16 ካምፓሶች ያሉት ኮሌጅ ከፍቷል።   ኮ/ል በላይ ነጋ ደግሞ የአቶ ስብሃት ወንድም ናቸው ። እኝህ ሰው ከወንድማቸው ባገኙት የህዝብ ገንዘብ በአዲስ አበባ፣ በመቀሌ እና በዓድዋ የዘመናዊ ፎቅ ባለቤት ለመሆን በቅተዋል። ከዜሮ ተነስተው በብርሃን ፍጥነት የመጠቁት የኮ/ል በላይ ነጋ ሃብት በዚህ አያበቃም። በጋምቤላም የሰፊ እርሻ ቦታ “ኢንቨስተር” በመሆን የሜካናይዝድ ግብርና ኩባንያ ባለሃብት ሆነዋል።  እኚህ ቢሊዮነር በቃሊቲም ግዙፍ ኩባንያ ገንብተው ነበር። ግን ምን ያደርጋል ዘረፋውን ገና ሳያጣትሙት ሞት ነጠቃቸው። ነብስ ይማር! አቶ በላይ ነጋ ሲሞቱ፣ ወይዘሮ ቅዱሳን ነጋ ሃብቱን በውርስ ተረክባዋለች። … እንዲህ እያልን ስንዘረዝር ብንወል የዘረፋው ተሳታፊዎች ቁጥር አንድ መጽሃፍ ይሞላል።

ድንቅ ነው። «ኢህአዴግ ሙሰኞችን ካልከሰሰ አገሪቷ ወደ ብተና ማምራቷ አይቀርም!» ይላሉ  ስብሃት ነጋ ምንም ሳይሳቀቁ። በልባቸው ግን እየሳቁ!  እኚህ ሰው ስለ ሙስና አስከፊነት የመናገሩን ሞራል ከየት እንዳመጡት እንጃ።  ያንን ሁሉ ጉድ በአናታቸው ላይ ተሸክመው እንደው ዝም ቢሉስ ምን አለበት? አበው እንዲህ ይመክራሉ “የምታወጣቸው ቃላት ከዝምታ የተሻሉ መሆናቸውን ስታውቅ ብቻ ተናገር።” አቶ ስብሀት ነጋ በአንድ ወቅት፤ “በኢትዮጵያ  በተጨባጭ ያለው ሙስናን  ለማጥፋት ፍላጎት እንጂ የፖለቲካ ቁርጠኝነት ብሎ ነገር የለም።”ብለውም ነበር።  ይህ  አባባል ግምሽ እውነታ አለው። በእርግጥ ፍላጎቱም ቁርጠኝነቱም ቢኖር ኖሮ አቦይ ስብሃት ከአይቴ ነጋ ገብረ-እግዚአብሔር ጋር መኖርያቸው በከርቸሌ ይሆን ነበር ።  አንዳንዴ ጸረ-ሙስና የሚሉት ድርጅታቸውን አፈንጋጮችን (ትናንሽ አሳዎችን) ለመምቻ ይጠቀሙበታል።

“ዶክተር” አቦይ ስብሃት አድባባይ እየወጡ በተናገሩ ቁጥር ፣ በሳቸው ሳምባ የሚተነፍሱት ሃይለማርያም ደሳለኝም በ “አይቅርብኝ” አፋቸውን ሞልተው ስለሙስና  ይናገራሉ።

እርግጥ ነው። የመንግስታዊ ሌብነቱ ደረጃ ጥግ ላይ ደርሷል። እየዘረፉ ደግሞ ህዝብን ባይገድሉ ምን ነበረበት?  ከዘረፋው የከፋ ሌላ ትልቅ ወንጀል አለ። ከህዝቡ ህሊና ከቶውንም ሊጠፋ የማይችል ወንጀል።  በቀን እስከ አምስት መቶ ህዝብ የሚገደልበት ወንጀል። በመቶ ሺህ የሚጠጉ ዜጎች በፈረቃ የሚታሰሩበት እና የሚሰቃዩበት ወንጀል።  ዘርፈውም፣ ገድለውም፣ አስረውም መዝለቅ እንደሚችሉ የተማመኑ ይመስላል። ግን ለውጥ የተፈጥሮ ህግ ነውና መምጣቱ አይቀሬ ነው።  የግዜ ጉዳይ እንጂ ከፍትህ አያመልጡም።

ግዜ የሰጠው ቅል ድንጋይ ይሰብራል ነውና፣  ግዜው ደርሶ እስኪወድቁ ድረስ እነሆ በ”ማስረጃ የለም!” ዘፈን ይጨፍራሉ።

posted by Gheremew

የኢትዮጵያ ፈተናዎችና መፍትሔ መንገዶች አስተያየት — በቀለ ገሠሠ (ዶ/ር)

መንደርደሪያ፤

በ20ኛዉና 21ኛዉ ክፍለ ዘመን ሌሎች አገሮች ከጊዜ ወደጊዘ በእድገት ጎዳና ወደፊት ሲራመዱ እኛ ሁልጊዜ ወደኋላ ነዉ የምንሄደዉ። ከራሷ ተርፋ ሌሎች አገራትን መመገብ የምትችል ኢትዮጵያ ተመጽዋች ሆና ስትቀጥል ሳይ እጅግ በጣም ያስገርመኛል፤ ያሳዝነኛል፤ ያበግነኛል።

የሕዝባችን መከራና ሰቆቃ እየከፋ ሄደ። የአገሪቷ ህልዉና ራሱ በጥያቄ ዉስጥ እየገባ መጥቷል። ለዚህም አላስፈላጊ ሰቆቃ ዛሬ በሥልጣን ላይ ያለዉ የወያኔ/ኢሕአደግ አስተዳደር በግልፅ ይጠየቅበታል። ሆኖም ግን በአገሪቷ ላይ የተሻለ የፖሊቲካ ለዉጥ ለማምጣት ከተቃዋሚ የፖሊቲካ ድርጅቶች፤ የሲቪክ ማህበራትና ግለሰቦች ጭምር ብዙ ነገሮች ይጠበቃሉ። እነዚህን ማሳሰቢያዎች እንደሚከተለዉ ሳቀርብላችሁ በጥሞና ተመልክታችሁ የሚቻላችሁን ሁሉ አስተዋጽኦ እንድታደርጉ በሕዝባችንና በኢትዮጵያ አምላክ ስም እጠይቃችኋለሁ።

  1. የ21ኛዉ ክፍለ ዘመን ዋና ዋና አሳሳቢ ፈተናዎች

በተለይ ባለፉት 50 ዓመታት ዉስጥ ኢትዮጵያና መሰል አገሮች ከባድ ከባድ ፈተናዎች ሲደቀኑባቸዉ ቆይተዋል። ዛሬ ደግሞ እየባሰበት ይገኛል። ሌሎች አገሮች ችግሮቻቸዉን በተባበረ ክንድ እየቀረፉ ወደእድገት ጎዳና ሲያቀኑ እኛ መጨረሻዉ ላይ እንገኛለን። ከነዚህ ዉስጥ ቀጥለዉ የተመለከቱት ጥያቄዎች ከፍተኛና ቅድሚያ ትኩረት ሊሰጣቸዉ ይገባል ብዬ አምናለሁ፤ እስቲ እንመልከታቸዉ።

  • ከአምባገነን ሥርዓት ወደ ዲሞክራሲ ስለመሸጋገር አስፈላጊነትና ተጋድሎ፤

በኢትዮጵያና በተመሳሳይ የአፍሪቃ አገሮች ዉስጥ የአምባ ገነን ሥርዓት የሚሊዮኖችን ሕይወት እንዳጠፋ፤ ንብረቶች እንዳወደመ፤ ህዝብ እንዳፈናቀለና እንዳሰደደ፤ የኢኮኖሚ ዕድገት እንዳቀጨጨና አላስፈላጊ ርሃብ እንደጋበዘ ማንም የማይስተዉ ሃቅ ነዉ። ዛሬ ብዙ የአፍሪቃ አገሮች በዲሞክራሲ ጎዳና መልካም መሻሻል ሲያሳዩ ኢትዮጵያ ዐይን ባወጣ አምባገነንነት ልዩ ሪኮርድ በጥሳ ከዓለም አገሮች ሁሉ በመጨረሻዉ ደረጃ ላይ ትገኛለች። እኔ እስከሰማሁትና እስከማዉቀዉ ድረስ በአገራዊ ምርጫ መቶ ከመቶ ድምፅ አግኝቻለሁ ብሎ የዓለም መሳቂያ ሆኖ የሚታየዉ የወያኔ/ ኢህአደግ አምባገነን መንግሥት ብቻ ነዉ። የዉጪ ታሪካዊ ጠላቶች እየሳቁብን ናቸዉ፤ ወዳጆች ደግሞ ክፉኛ አዘኑብን።

ዲሞክራሲ፤ ግልፅነትና ተጠያቂነት ሳይኖሩ ሰላም፤ አገራዊ እርጋታ፤ ዕድገትና የህዝብ ደህንነት ሊረጋገጡ አይችሉምና

1.2    የመሬት ባለቤትነትና፡አጠቃቀም ችግሮች

በአፍሪቃ፤ በእሲያ፤ በፓሲፊክና በአሜሪካ (ሰሜንና ደቡብ ጭምር) በዐለም ላይ ከነበሩት ችግሮች ዋነኛዉ የመሬት ንጥቂያ ነበር። ነዋሪ ባለቤቶች ሲነጠቁ፤ ሲፈናቀሉ፤ ሲራቡና ሲያልቁ የዉጪ ባለጉልበቶችና ወራሪዎች ይፈነድቁባቸዋል። ይሄ ችግር የደረሰባቸዉ ብዙ አገሮች መሻሻል ሲያሳዩ በኢትዮጵያ አገራችን ግን ዛሬ እጅግ ከባድ ችግሮች እንደተፈጠሩ ይሰማል። በተጨማሪም በአገራችንም  ካሁን በፊት አሳሳቢ ደረጃ ላይ ደርሰዋል ተብለዉ የተቆጠሩት ለብዙ ሺህ ዓመታት ሲታረሱ የቆዩ ከፊል የሰሜን ኢትዮጰያ ምድሮች ነበሩ። ዛሬ ግን በተለይ የህዝብ ቁጥር እየጨመረ በመምጣቱ ምክንያት ደኖች ተጨፈጨፉ፤ አፈር እየታጠበ ሄደ፤ መሬት ካለዕረፍት በተደጋጋሚ ታረሰ። በነዚህ ዋና ዋና ምክንያቶች  የተቀሩትም የአገሪቷ መሬቶች ጠፍ እየሆኑ መጥተዋል። በዚህ ላይ የሰሀራ ምድረበዳ በረሃዉን ወደደቡብ እየገፋ ይገኛል። በተጨማሪም የአካባቢዉ አየር ብክለት ዓለምን በሙሉ እያሰጋ ይገኛል። የነዚህን ተጽፅኖዎች ለመቋቋም የሚያስችሉ ቴክኖሎጂዎች አሉ።

ዕዉቀቱና ልምዱ ያሏቸዉ ወገኖች በአምባገነን መንግሥታት ስለማይፈለጉ የተገደሉት ሄደዋል፤ በአገር ዉስጥ የቀሩት እንዳይሠሩ እጆቻቸዉን ታስረዋል፤ እንዳይናገሩ አፎቻቸዉን ተሸብበዋል፤ የተረፈዉ በስደት ላይ ይገኛል። ታዲያ አገሪቷን ማን ይንከባከባት?

  • ችጋር፤ ርሃብ፤ በሺታና ቸነፈር

ብዙ የዓለም ህዝብ ችጋር፤ በሺታና ቸነፈር ለማስወገድ ብርቱ ጥረት ሲያደርግ በመቆየቱ ምክንያት መልካም ዕድገት በማሳየት ላይ ይገኛል። ቸሩ አምላካችን እጅግ ምስጋና ይግባዉና ያቺ የተቀደሰች አገራችን እጅግ በጣም ሃብታም ሆና የተፈጠረች ነበረች።በምድራችን ስፋት፤ በአፈሩ ለምነት፤ በወንዞቻችንና በሃይቆቻችን ብዛትና በተሟላ የተፈጥሮ ሀብት የተገጎነጸፈችና እጅግ የላቀች ቅድስት አገር ናት። እንኳን ለህዝባችንና ለሌሎችም የምትተርፉ አገር ነበረች። በዚህ ላይ በየዓመቱ ብዙ ቢሊዮን ፓዎንድ የዉጪ እርዳት እንደሚገባ ይነገራል፡፤

ሆኖም ግን ከሁሉም በታች ከሆኑት በጣም ጥቂት አገሮች መካከል ሆና ትገኛለች። ርሃብና ችጋር ቶሎ ቶሎ ይጎበኟታል፤ በቶሎም አይለቋትም፤ ሚሊዮኖች በየዓመቱ ይጠቃሉ፤ ሺህዎች እንደቅጠል ይረግፋሉ፤ ለምን ብሎ መጠየቅ ተገቢ ጥያቄ ይመስለኛል።

  • ስደት

ዕጣ ፈንታችን ሆነና በተለይ ያለፉት 40 ዓመታት የስደትና የጥፋት ዘመናት ናቸዉ ማለት ጥያቄዉን ማጋነን አይሆንም፤ ሃቅ ነዉና። የተማረዉ ክፍል አምባገነኖቹን ካልደገፈ ቦታ የለዉም፤ ከተቃወመ ዒላማ ዉስጥ ይገባል፤ ይታሰራል፤ ይቀጠቀጣል፤ ይሰቃያል። ተርፎ ካመለጠ ምርጫዉ ስደት ብቻ ነዉ። ዉድ አገሩን ጥሎ ወጥቶ ሌሎች አገሮችን ያቀናል፤ አዉሮፓና አሜሪካን ጭምር።

ወጣቱ በአገሩ የመማር፤ የመሥራትና በሰላም የመኖር ዕድል ካላገኘ አገሩን ጥሉ ለመሰደድ ይገደዳል። በስደቱ ጉዞ ላይ ስንቶች ለጋ ወጣቶች በየበረሃዉና ባህሩ ላይ እንደቀሩ ቤት ይቁጠራቸዉ። ከተሻገሩም በኋላ የሚገጥሟቸዉን አሰቃቂ ችግሮች ሁላችንም የሰማናቸዉ ናቸዉ። ታዲያ ወጣቶች በዉድ አገራቸዉ ተምረዉ አድገዉ ተመንድገዉ በሰላም ካልተዘጋጁ  የሚቀጥለዉን  ኃላፊነት ማን ሊረከዉ ይችላል? ትልቅ እንቆቅልሽ ሆኖብኛል።

1.5    የፈተናዎቹን ክብደት ለማጠቃለል፡

እንኳንስ አገራዊ ሁከት ተጨምሮበትና በሰላምም አየር እላይ ባጭሩ የተቀመጡትን ፈተናዎች መወጣት ቀላል ሥራ አይሆንም። የዉጪ መንግሥታት የየራሳቸዉን ጥቅም ብቻ ነዉ የሚያሳድዱት። ብዙዎቹም ከፋፍለዉ በመግዛት ነዉ የሚነግዱብን። ከሁላችንም ዜጎች ብዙ የተቀናጀ ጥረት ይጠበቅብናል። ሰላምና እርጋታ ከተገኘ ግን ለብዙዎቹ ፈተናዎቻችን መፍትሔ መንገዶች ይኖራሉ። የአገሪቷ መዉደቅ ለማንም ዜጋ አይበጅምና ሁሉም ዜጋ ሊያስብበት ይገባል።

  1. ወያኔ/ኢሕአደግ አስተዳደር ያለኝ መልእክት፤

2.1   ወደመንግሥት ሥልጣን አመጣጥ

በምን መንገድ ወደሥልጣን እንደመጣችሁ አትርሱ፤ ሁሉም ዜጋ የሚያዉቀዉ ነገር ነዉ። የአገራችን ታሪክ እታች ባጭሩ እንደተመለከተዉ እራሱን ይደጋግማል፤ አሁን ደግሞ እየባሰበት ይገኛል።

በግርማዊ ቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ የሥልጣን ወቅት ዘመናዊ ሕገ መንግሥት ወጣ፤ ብዙ ትምህርት ቤቶች፤ ኮሌጆች፤ ክልኒኮች፤ ሆስፒታሎች፤ ወዘተ ተገነቡ። ካገርም ዉጪ አፍሪቃ አገሮች ከቅኝ ግዛት ነፃ እንዲወጡ ታላቅ ዕርዳታ ተለገሰ። ሰሜንና ደቡብ ሱዳኖች እንዲስማሙ ታላቅ አስተዋጽኦ አደረጉ። ለአፍሪቃ አንድነት ድርጅት ምሥረታ ቁልፍ ሚና ተጫወቱ። ከዐለም መንግሥታት ምሥረታ በፊት በነበረዉ ሊግ ኦፍ ኔሽንስ ዉስጥም አገራችንን አባል በማድረግ ብዙ ጥረት አድርገዋል። ሆኖም ግን አገዛዙ የባላባታዊ ሥርዓት ስለነበረ በተለይ ጪሰኞች ክፉኛ ተጨቆኑ። ድህነትና ርሃብም ተደጋገሙ። የመሬት ይዞታንና የዲሞክራሲ ጥያቄዎችን መመለስ አቃታቸዉ። ያገራችን የኢኮኖሚ ዕድገት የሚፈለገዉን ያህል ሊንቀሳቀስ አልቻለም። በዚህም ምክንያት የታሪክ ሂደት ሆነና የባላባታዊ ሥርዓት አክትሞ መሬት ላራሹ እንዲሆንና ዲሞክራሲ እንዲሰፍን በተደረገዉ ረጅም ትግል የንጉሠ ነገሥቱ ዙፋን ሊወድቅ ቻለ።

በወቅቱ የተጠናከረ ተቃዋሚ የፖሊቲካ ፓርቲ ባለመኖሩ የሕዝቡ ትግልና ድል በወታደሮች ተቀማ። ነገር ግን ምንም እንኳን የፖሊቲካ አስተዳደር ብቃት ሳይኖረዉ በእጁ ባለዉ ጠብ መንጃ አማካኝነት ሥልጣን ላይ ቢቆናጠጥም በጦር ኢኮኖሚ ዉስጥ እንኳን ሆኖ ብዙ መልካም ለዉጦች አሳይቶ ነበር፤ የመሬት አዋጅ ሙከራ፤ መሠረተ ትምህርት ማስፋፋት፤ የመንገዶች፤ ድልድዮች፤ ክሊኒኮች፤ ሁስፒታሎችና ኮሌጆች ግንባታዎች። በዚህም ላይ እጅግ በጣም ብዙ ወጣቶች ለከፍተኛ ትምህርት ወደዉጪ ተልከዋል። ነገር ግን ዲሞክራሲ ታፈነ። ሕዝብ ለሚያሰማዉ የዲሞክራሲ ጥያቄዎች ምላሹ ርሸና ሆነ። በዓለም ታይተዉ የማይታወቁ ፋሺስታዊ እርምጃዎች ተወሰዱ፤ ማሰር፤ መደብደብ፤ ማሰቃየት፤ መረሸን፤ ወዘተ። አብዮት ልጇን ትበላለች እየተባለ ፤ የፊዬል ወጠጠ  ተዘፈነብን። ከዚያም በኋላ ደርግ ልቡ አበጠበት፤ በሥልጣን ሰከረ። ብዙ ጄነራሎችንም ጭምር እንደጠላት ቆጥሮ በላቸዉ። ከዚያ በኋላ አዉራ ያጣዉ የኢትዮጵያ ሠራዊት ሃሞቱ ፈሰሰ፤ ተስፋ ቆርጦ አፈገፈገ። በሂደቱም ደርግ በገዛ ኃጢአቱና በሕዝባችን የረጅም ጊዜ ቆራጥ ትግል ኃይሉ መነመነ። በመጨረሻ በለንደን ላይ በሄርማን ኮህን ሰብሳቢነት የዉሸት ‘የሰላም ኮንፌረንስ ተጠራ። በኮንፌረንሱ ላይ ህብረ ብሔራዊ የሆኑት ተቃዋሚ ድርጅቶች እንዲሳተፉ አልተፈቀደም። ለሦስት ቀናት የታሰበዉ ጉባኤ የእዉነት አልነበረም። ቀድመዉ የወሰኑትን ዉሳኔ በግልጽ አበሰሩ። የተፍረከረኩት የደርግ ልዑካን ወደ አሜሪካ አቀኑ። ካለብዙ እንቅፋት ሰተት ብላችሁ በምዕራቦቹ ቡራኬ ጭምር ለሥልጣን በቃችሁ።

በትግል ላይ በነበራችሁበት ጊዜ ታራምዱት የነበረዉ የመገንጠል ጥያቄ ብዙ ኢትዮጵያዉያንን ሲያሳዝን የኖረ ቢሆንም ቅሉ ከደርግ የባሰ መንግሥት አይመጣም በማለት ብዙ ዜጋ በቀና ፊት ተቀብሏችሁ ነበር። ሥልጣን ላይ ከወጣችሁበት ጊዜ ጀምሮ ብዙ ግንባታዎች ተዘርግተዋል፤ ትልልቅ ፎቆችና ሰፋፊ መንገዶች ተሠርተዋል፤ በየክልሉ ብዙ ዩኒቬርሲቲዎች ተገንብተዋል። በጎኑ ግን ከፈጸማችኋችሁ ከባድ ከባድ ጥፋቶች መሃከል እታች ባጭሩ የተመለከቱትን ማቅረብ ማጋነን አይመስለኝም።

2.2   የተፈፀሙ ከባድ ጥፋቶች ባጭሩ፤

(ሀ)    የአገሪቷ ሕሊና እንዲናጋ እየተደረገ ነዉ ያለዉ

እኔ በመሠረቱ ዲሞከራሲያዊ ከሆነ ፈዴራላዊ ሥርዓት ጋር ችግር የለብኝም። እናንተ ግን ፈዴራላዊ ሥርዓትን እንደመሣሪያ በመጠቀም ሕዝቡን ከፋፍላችሁ በመግዛት ላይ ናችሁ።  ጎሣን ከጎሣ፤ ሃይማኖትን ከሃይማኖት፤ ወገንን ከወገን ጋር ታጋጫላችሁ። ትግል ከጀመራችሁበት ጊዜ እንስታችሁ አማራዉን በመነጠል ኢላማ ዉስጥ መግባት እንዳለበት አድርጋችሁ እንደ ዋና ጠላት ቆጠራችሁ። በማንነታቸዉም ምክንያት ብዙ አማሮች ተቀጠቀጡ፤ ታሰሩ፤ ተሰቃዩ፤ ተፈናቀሉ፤ ተገደሉ። ይሄ ትልቅ ኃጢአት ነዉ፤ ባለፉት በተፈራረቁ ጨቋኝ ሥርዓቶች ሥር በጎጃም፤ በጎንደር፤ በሰሜን ሸዋ፤ ወዘተ የሚኖሩት ጭቁን ዜጎች ከሌላዉ ወገን የተሻለ ምንም ጥቅም እንዳላገኙ የተሰወረ ሃቅ አይደለም። ለአገር አንድነትና ነፃነት መቆርቆር ደግሞ እንደጠላት የሚያስቆጥር መሆን አልነበረበትም። እግዚአብሔር የሰጠዉን ስብዕና ሆነ ንብረት (መሬት ጭምር) ሊነጠቅ ከቶ አይገባዉም። እንዲሁም የኦሮሞ ህዝባችን ክፉኛ እየተሰቃየ ይገኛል፤ ይታሰራል፤ መሬቱን ይቀማል። በሌሎቹም የአገሪቷ ክፍሎች ተመሳሳይ ጉዳቶች እየደርሱ እንዳሉ ይታወቃል።

(ለ)   ብዙ ሕዝብ መሬቱን እየተነጠቀ በመፈናቀል ላይ ይገኛል

እላይ እንደተጠቀሰዉ ዛሬ በአገራችን የመሬት ንጥቂያ ከዋና ችግሮች አንዱ ነዉ። በአማራ፤ በኦሮሞ፤ በጋምቤላ፤ በአፋር፤ ወዘተ ሕዝቡ መሬቱን እየተቀማና እየተፈናቀለ ይገኛል። ንጥቂያ የሚለዉ ቃል የተመረጠበት ምክንያት የዉጪዉ ስምምነት በአብዛኛዉ የሚፈፀመዉ ከአካባቢዉ የመሬቱ ባለቤቶች/ተጠቃሚዎች ፍላጎትና ይሁንታ ዉጪ በመፈጠራቸዉ ነዉ።  የአገሬዉ ነዋሪና ተጠቃሚ ሕዝብ በጉልበት ከመሬቱ ሲፈናቀል ብዙ መዘዞች ይፈጠራሉ፤ በጉልበት የተፈናቀለዉ ወገን ሰብዓዊ መብቱን ይነጠቃል። ርሃብ ላይ ይወድቃል። ገበሬ መሬቱን ከተነጠቀ ሕይወቱም ታሪኩም ጠፋ ማለት ነዉ። በዚህም ላይ ጥሩ ስምምነትና ከፍተኛ ቁጥጥር ካልተደረገ የዉጪ ኢንቬስተሮች የሚሮጡት ለትርፋቸዉ እንጂ ለአካባቢዉ ሕዝብ ሆነ ለአየሩ ጥራት አይደለም፤ ደኑ ሊጨፈጨፍ፤ አየሩና ወንዙ ሊበከል ይችላል። ይህ ብክለት አካባቢዉን ብቻ ሳይሆን ወንዙንና አየሩን ተከትሎ በሩቁ የሚኖሩትንም አያሌ ዜጎች፤ ከብቶችና አራዊት ጭምር ሊያጠቃና ሊያጠፋ ይችላል። ስለዚህ መሬቱን የተነጠቀዉ ዜጋ መብቱን ለማስጠበቅ ሲል ትግል ዉስጥ እንዲገባ ሲገደድ ሰላም፤ እርጋታና ዘለቄታ የሚኖረዉ ዕድገት ሊናጋ አይችልም ወይ?

(ሐ)  የኢኮኖሚ ምዝበራ ይታያል

ከገዢዉ ቡድን ጋር ቁርኝት ያሏቸዉ ጥቂት ግለሰቦች ባንድ ሌሊት በቢሊዮኖች ሲቆጥሩ ሰፊዉ ሕዝብ ግን በችጋርና በረሃብ አለንጋ እየተጠበሰ ይገኛል። የኑሮ ዉድነት እጅግ አሰቃቂ ነዉ። የሚበላ ያጣ ሰፊዉ ወጣት ዕድሉ ስደት፤ እንግልትና ሞት ብቻ ሆኖ ይታያል። ዝሙት አዳሪነት እየጨመረ ነዉ። ለማኝነት፤ ህመም (የአዕምሮ ጭምር)፤ በቁምም ሆነ እስከመጨረሻዉ መሞት የተለመዱ ዕጣ ፈንታዎች ሆነዉ ይታያሉ።

መፍትሄዉ እጅግ በጣም ቀላል ነበር፤ እኩልነት ማምጣት፤ የአገር ንብረት የህዝብ መጠቀሚያ መሆኑን ማረጋገጥና ዘለቄታ የሚኖረዉ የኢኮኖሚ ዕድገት መዘርጋት ነበር።

(መ)  የዲሞክራሲ አቀንቃኞች እንደጠላት ይቆጠራሉ

ዲሞክራሲ ታፈነ፤  የተቃዋሚ የፖሊቲካ ድርጅቶች መሪዎችና ነጻ ጋዜጠኞች እንደጠላት እየተፈረጁ ይታሰራሉ፤ ይሰቃያሉ፤ ይሰደዳሉ። ይሄ ችግር ለወያኔ አዲስ ነገር አይደለም። ከሸአቢያ ጋር በመተባበር ደብዛቸዉን ያጠፋቸዉን የኢሕአፓ ሃቀኞችና ቆራጥ መሪዎች የነበሩትን (በአብነት ጸጋዬ ገ/መድህን (ደብተራዉ)፤ ስጦታዉ ሁሴን፤ አረጋሽ በርታና በለጠ ዓምሓን) ዬት እንደወደቁ እንኳን እስካሁን ድረስ የተናገሩት ነገር የለም። እነዚያ  የአገሪቷ አለኝታ የነበሩት ብሩህና ብርቅዬ ወጣቶች ለመሬት ላራሹ፤ ለዲሞክራሲና ለዜጎች እኩልነት  ቆርጠዉ ከመታገል በስተቀር የፈጸሙት ምንም ኃጢአት ባለመኖሩ በታሪክና በእግዚአብሔር ፊት ብቻ ሳይሆን በሕግም ያስጠይቃል

ህዝብን በማሸበርና ዲሞክራሲን በማፈን ሰላም ከቶ ሊገኝ አይችልም። ሰላምና እርጋታ ሳይኖር ዘለቄታ ያለዉ ዕድገት ሊመጣ አይችልም። መጨረሻዉ ተያይዞ መጥፋት ብቻ ነዉ። ወርቃማ አማራጮች እያሉን ለምን እንደዚህ ዓይነቱ እኩይ ተግባር እንደተመረጠ ከቶዉንም አይገባኝም።

(ሠ)  የተማረዉ ወገን እንደጠላት ይቆጠራል

ከገዢዉ ቡድን ጋር ያልወገነዉ የተማረዉ ክፍል ተገለለ፤ አገሪቷ እጅግ ለፍታ ያስተማረቻቸዉ ልጆችዋ ካላገለገሏት ማን ሊያሳድጋት ይችላል? ባለፉት አሥርት ዓመታት ደህና የተማሩና የሥራ ልምድ ያካበቱትን ባለሙያዎች የሲቪል ኮሌጅ ለብለብ ምሩቃን ሊተኳቸዉ አይችሉም። ባገሩ መኖርና መሥራት ያልቻለዉ ንፁሕ ዜጋ ተበትኖ ዓለም አቀፍ ድርጅቶችንና መዕራባዉያን አገሮችን ሲያገለግልና ሲያቀና ይገኛሉ።

(ረ)   በተለይ በወጣቶች ላይ የሚደርሰዉ ግፍ ቀላል አይደለም

የገዢዉ ቡድን አባላትና ደጋፊዎች ካልሆኑ በስተቀር የመማር፤ የመመረቅና የመሥራት ዕድል የማያገኙት ወጣቶች በከባድ ችግር ላይ እንደወደቁ ይሰማል። በርሃብና በችጋር የተጠበሰዉን ዜጋ ከባርነት በማይሻል ሁኔታ ለዐረብ አገሮች ማመቻቸት ያስጠይቃል?

ይባስ ብሎ በዐረብ አገሮች ሲቀጠቀጡ፤ ሲደፈሩ፤ ሲሰቃዩና ሲገደሉ እጎናቸዉ አለመቆምና አለመከላከል ከሁሉም የበለጠ ኃጢአት መሆኑ እንዴት ተሳናችዉ?

(ሰ)   ለማጠቃለል፡

ዉድ አገራችን ያለችበትን ጣጣና ወዴት እያመራች እንዳለች ሁሉም ዜጋ እኩል የሚረዳና የሚጨነቅ አይመስልም። የዉድ አገራችን መጎዳት፤ መከፋፈልና አያድርገዉ እንጂ መጥፋት ለማን ይበጃል? ባባቶቻችንና በአያቶቻችን ደምና አጥንት ተገንብታ ለብዙ ሺህ ዓመታት ተከብራ ኖራ በዓለም አቀፍም ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦ አድርጋ እስካሁን የደረሰችዉን ያቺን ቅድስት አገር ዛሬ ጉልበትና ጠብ መንጃ አለን ባዮች ከፍተኛ መዘዙን ባለማስተዋል አጥፍተዋት ቢሄዱ በምድርም በሰማይ ሊያስጠይቃቸዉ እንደሚችል መገንዘብ ይኖርባቸዋል። አስተዉሉ ለተመለከተ ሁሉ ዜጋ እነዚህን ጥያቄዎች መረዳት ከባድ ሆኖ አይመስለኝም፡፡

  • የተቃዋሚ ድርጅቶች አዎንታዊና አሉታዊ ተጽዕኖዎች

(ሀ)    መግቢያ

በሰማዩ በስተቀር በምድር የመንግሥት ጥሩ የለዉም። ሁሉም የየራሱንና የደጋፊዎቹን ጥቅም ነዉ የሚያስቀድም። መንግሥት በአብዛኛዉ መልካም ነገር የሚሠራዉ በሕዝቡ ሲገደድ ነዉ። ሕዝቡን የሚያስተባብሩት ደግሞ ተቃዋሚ ድርጅቶች ናቸዉ። ‘አንድ ሕዝብ የሚገባዉን መንግሥት ያገኛል’ የሚልም አነጋገር አለ። የተጨቆነዉ ወገን ጭቆናዉን ተቀብሎ ቁጭ ካለ ሲሰቃይና ሲያልቅ ይኖራል።  ጭቆናዉ በቃኝ፤ አንገፈገፈኝ ብሎ ተባብሮ ለመብቱ የታገለዉ ህዝብ ግን የሚያስፈልገዉን ለዉጥ ያመጣል፤ የታወቀ ሃቅ ነዉ።

ተቃዋሚ ድርጅቶች ህብረት ካጡ፤ እርስ በርሳቸዉ ከተጠላለፉና ከተዳከሙ ሕዝቡን ማስተባበር አይቻላቸዉም። የአምባ ገነን መንግሥታትን ዕድሜ ብቻ ነዉ የሚያራዝሙት። ባለፉት 40 ዓመታት ገደማ በኢትዮጵያ የትግል ታሪክ ዉስጥ የታየዉ ይሄዉ እዉነታ ነበር። ጥሩ አእምሮ ያለዉ ዜጋ ይሄን ሃቅ ሊክድ አይችልም።

‘ኢትዮጵያ ሀገሬ፤ ሞኝ ነሽ ተላላ፤ የሞተልሽ ቀርቶ የገደለሽ በላ’ ይላል የአገሬ ሰዉ።

ዐፄ ቴዎድሮስ ለዉድ ሀገራቸዉ ዕድገትና ሕልዉና ብለዉ ሲወድቁ ከጎናቸዉ የቀሩት ገብርዬና ጥቂት ወገኖች ብቻ ነበሩ። ካህኑ ጭምር ነበር ጠላት የሆነባቸዉ። በቀ/ኃ/ሥ ዘመን ላገሩ ነፃነት ከተዋደቀዉ አርበኛ ይልቅ የተንደላቀቀዉ የባንዳዉ ክፍል ነበር። በተፈራረቁት መንግሥታት ሥር ሃቀኞች ለዲሞክራሲና ለእኩልነት ደማቸዉን እንዳፈሱና አጥንታቸዉን እንደከሰከሱ ታሪክ ሲያስታዉሳቸዉ ይኖራል። በአንፃሩም ደግሞ ረጅም ራዕይ የሌላቸዉና የማይተባበሩ ተቃዋሚ ተብዬዎችና ሆድ አደር ተለጣፊዎችም ከባድ ጥፋቶች ሲደጋግሙ ይታያሉ። ህብረትና ዲሞክራሲ እያሉ ባፋቸዉ  ይሰብካሉ፤ በተግባር ግን አፍራሾች ሆነዉ ይታያሉ። አንዴ ተለጥፈዉ ገብተዉ በካድሬነት በማገልገል ህዝባችንን ይረግጣሉ፤ ፍትህ ያዛባሉ፤ ምርጫ ያጭበረብራሉ፤ ወደዉጪ ሲወጡ ደግሞ ለከባድ ጥፋቶቻቸዉ ገና ይቅርታ እንኳን ሳይጠይቁና ንስሐ ሳይገቡ የህዝብ አስተማሪዎችና መካሪዎች መሆን ይፈልጋሉ፤ መድረክም የሚሰጠዉ በአብዛኛዉ ለነዚህ ዓይነት አጭበርባሪዎች ነዉ። ለሚቀጥለዉም መንግሥት ደግሞ ዐይን አዉጥተዉ ፊት ለፊት ቆመዉ ይጠባበቃሉ። ሃቀኞችንና አርበኞችን ማን ይፈልጋቸዋል? የረባ ለዉጥ ለማምጣት እንደመተባበር እንቅፋቶች እየሆኑ የአምባገነን መንግሥታትን  የጭቆናና የህዝባችንን ሰቆቃ ዘመን ሲያራዝሙ የሚታዩ ሰዎች ናቸዉ። እኔ ብቻ ካልገዛሁ፤ እኔ ብቻ ካልመራሁ፤ እኔ ብቻ ካልበላሁ እያሉ ይስገበገባሉ።

ሰዎች ከሆንን ካለፉት ጥፋቶች መማር ይኖርብናል። ሁሉንም ባንድ ላይ መጨፍለቅና መፈረጅ ኃጢአት ነዉ።  እያንዳንዱ ዜጋ ትክክለኛዉን ግንዛቤ መጨበጥ ይኖርበታል። ሀቁን በመገንዘብና በመንተራስ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሥርዓት በጋራ መመስረት ይኖርብናል። ከዚህ በታች ከተመለከቱት ካለፉት ጥፋቶችና ዉድቀቶች ካልተማርን እንዴት ወደፊተ መራመድ ይቻለናል?

(ለ)    በርርማዊ ቀዳማዊ ኃ/ሥላሴ ዘመነ መንግሥት

እላይ ባጭሩ እንደታየዉ፤ ሥርዓቱን ለመጣልና ዲሞክራሲን ለመገንባት በተለይ ከ1950ዎቹ ጀምሮ ግልጽ ትግል ተጀመረ። እነ ጄነራል መንግሥቱ ነዋይ፤ ገርማሜ ነዋይና ወርቅነህ ገበየሁን የመሳሰሉት ሃቀኛ ዜጎች ከፍተኛ ጥቅማቸዉን ብቻ ሳይሆን ሕይወታቸዉን ጭምር መስዋዕት በማድረግ በንጉሡ ላይ መፈንቅለ መንግሥት ለማካሄድ ሙከራ አደረጉ። ዳሩ ግን በዘመኑ በቂ ተመክሮ ባለመኖሩና ባንዳንድ የዉስጥና የዉጪ ራስ ወዳዶች ሴራ ሊከሽፍ ቢበቃም ታላቅ ምሣሌ ጥሎ አለፈ። ከዚያም በመቀጠል በዓለም ገናናነትና ዝናን ያተረፈዉ ሀቀኛዉ የተማሪዎች እንቀስቃሴና ትግል እነዚህን ጭቆናዎች ለማስወገድ ከፍተኛ መስዋዕትነት ከፍሏል። በተቀናጀ የሕዝብ ትግል የታላቁ ንጉሠ ነገሥት የአገዛዝ ዘመን አከተመ።

(ሐ)   በወታደራዊ አገዛዝ ዘመነ መንግሥት

የንጉሠ ነገሥቱ አገዛዝ በሚያከትምበት ወቅት በደንብ የተደራጀ የፖሊቲካ ቡድን አልነበረም። በመሆኑም ለዉጡ በወታደሮች ሊጠለፍ በቃ። ዲሞክራሲ እንደገና ታፈነ፤ አምባገነንነት ነገሠ። በመሆኑም የተማሪዉ እንቅቃሴ እያየለ መጣ። በመቀጠልም ከዝነኞቹ የተማሪዎች፤ መምህራን፤ ሠራተኞች፤ ወዘተ እንቅስቃሴዎች የፈለቀዉ የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ አብዮታዊ ፓርቲ (ኢሕአፓ) ቅልጥ ያለ ትግሉን አቀጣጠለ። እንደነመኢሶን የመሳሰሉት ድርጅቶች ግን ከደርግ መንግሥት ጋር ወገኑ። ምናልባት የኢሕአፓ አባላት ተጠራርገዉ ካለቁ በኋላ ሥልጣኑን ከወታደሮች እጅ በቀላሉ ለመንጠቅ የሚችሉ መስሏቸዉ ይሆናል። በኋላ ግን ደርግም ነቃባቸዉና እነርሱንም ጠራርጉ ከኢሕአፓና ከሌሎች ጠላቶቹ ጋር ባንድ ጉድጓድ ቀበራቸዉ። ‘በቁማቸዉ ጎን ለጎን ቁመዉ በህብረት መታገል ያልቻሉት የኢትዮጵያ ልጆች ባንድ ጉድጓድ ተከተቱ’ ተብሎ በታሪክ ተመዘገበ።

እዚህ ላይ አንድ እዉነታን ማስጨበጥ እፈልጋለሁ። ኢትዮጵያ ያፈራቻቸዉ እጅግ በጣም ብሩህ የነበሩ ወጣቶች፤ መምህራን፤ መሃንዲሶች፤ ነርሶች፤ ዶክተሮች፤ ወዘተ ለዲሞክራሲና ለእኩልነት ሲሉ የከፈሉትን የሕኢወት መስዋዕትነት ታሪክ ሲያስታዉስ ይኖራል። ዛሬ ወደኋላ እየተመለከቱ እነዚያ ተማሪዎች ተሳስተዋል፤ እግዚአብሔርን ረሱ፤ ፀሐዩን ንጉሡ መንካት አልነበረባቸዉም፤ የባሰዉን አመጡብን፤ ወዘተ እያሉ ባለማወቅ የሚኮንኗቸዉ ወገኖች ሲያጋጥሙኝ እጅግ በጣም አድርጌ አዝናለሁኝ። እላይ እንደተጠቀሰዉ በትግሎቹ ረጅም ሂደቶች ዉስጥ አንዳንድ ስህተቶች አልተሠሩም አልተባለም። በሃይማኖት ላይ ግን ሁን ብሎ የዘመተ ትዉልድ አልነበረም። አብዛኞቹ በቤተክርስቲያን ወይም በመስጊድ ዉስጥ ተወልደዉ በመልካም ሥነ ምግባር ያደጉ፤ ፈሪሃ እግዚአብሔር ያልተለያቸዉ፤ ከራሳቸዉ በላይ ለአገራቸዉና ለህዝባቸዉ የሚያስቡና የሚቆረቆሩ ወርቅዬና ብርቅዬ ልጆች ነበሩ፤ ከወንዱም ከሴቱም። በቤተክርስቲያን አስተዳደር ላይ የነበረዉ ቅሬታ ቢኖር በጭፍን ነገሥታትን፤ መሪዎችንና መኳንንትን ብቻ እያወደሱ የተጨቆነዉን ወገን በመዘንጋታቸዉ ነበር፤ አሁንም ነዉ። ስለዚህ ታሪክ የሚገመገመዉ በወቅቱ በነበረዉ ንቃተ ሕሊና እና በተወሰደዉ የትግል እንቅስቃሴ እንጂ በዛሬ መነጽር መሆን የለበትም ብዬ አምናለሁ። ያለፈዉን እንደታሪክ እያየን፤ ከመልካም ጎኖቹ መልካም ትምህርቶች እየቀሰምን ዛሬ የተሻለዉን ወይንም ቢያንስ እኩል አስተዋጽኦ ከፍሎ አገርን ከጥፋት ማዳን እንጂ  ያለፈዉን ሁሉ እኩል እየኮነኑ ቁጭ ብሎ ማላዘንን እግዚአብሔር አይወደዉም፤ ለወገንም ለታሪክም አይበጅም። ትላንትን ለዚያዉም በተንሸዋረረ መነፅር እያዩ የትዉልዱን አባላት  እንዳሉ ለመኮነን መሞከር ከማህበረሰብ ሣይንስም አንፃር ትልቅ ስህተት ይሆናል። የዚያ ትዉልድ ተማሪዎች እኮ በኢትዮጵያ ምድር ተወልደዉ፤ ኢትዮጵያዉያን/ት ሆነዉ ኖረዉ፤ ኢትዮጵያ አለባት ብለዉ ላዩትና ላመኑበት ችግር፤ መፍትሄ ይሆናል ብለዉ ባመኑበትን አቋም ፀንተዉ ኢትዮጵያዊ/ት እንደሆኑ ነዉ የሕይወት ዋጋ የከፈሉት!

ሚዛናዊ በሆነ መንገድ ሀቁን በይበልጥ ለማስጨበጥ ከነፃ ዜና አዉታሮች ብዙ ይጠበቅባቸዋል። ሰዉ ይሞታል፤ ይገደላል፤ ታሪክ ግን አይሞትም፤ መረሳትም የለበትም። ከዬት እንደመጣንና አሁን ያለንበትን ካላወቅን ወዴት እንደምናመራ በቅጡ ልንገነዘብ አይቻለንም። ከጥፋት ይሰዉረን።

(መ)  በወያኔ/ኢህአደግ አገዛዝ

እላይ እንደተገለጠዉ ከመግባታቸዉ በፊት በለንደን ላይ በተዘጋጀዉ የይስሙላ ‘የሰላም’ ጉባኤ ላይ የተሳተፉት መገንጠልን የሚያራምዱ የፖሊቲካ ኃይሎች ብቻ ነበሩ። እነ ኦነግ ተከትለዉ ገብተዉ የሽግግሩን ቻርተር ፈርመዉ ተቀላቀሉ፤ ብዙም ሳይቆዩ በሥልጣን ድልድል ተጋጭተዉ በገቡበት አይሮፕላን ካገር ኮበለሉ። አንዳንዶቹ ደግሞ በግልም ሆነ በቡድን እየሆኑ ካሜሪካና ካዉሮፓ ሄደዉ አንዳንድ ቦታዎች ያዙ።

አዚህ ላይ በ2003 ዓ/ም ስለተፈጠረዉ ህብረት ትንሽ ልጠቅስ አወዳለሁ። የሕዝቡ ብሶት እየተባባሰ በመምጣቱ ምክንያት ባገርም ሆነ በዉጪ ያሉት ወገኖች ተነቃንቀዉ አስፈሪ ትግል ጀመሩ። በ2003 ዓ/ም (በፈረንጆች አቆጣጠር) 15 የተቃዋሚ ፖሊቲካ ድርጅቶች ለ15 ቀናት በር ዘግተዉ ተወያይተዉ ተማምለዉ ህብረት ፈጠሩ። እነ ብጹዕ ወቅዱስ አቡነ መርቆሪዮስና፤ ሎሬት ጸጋዬ ገ/መድህን የመሳሰሉ እጅግ በጣም የተከበሩ አባቶች ተሳትፈዉ ግሳጼ፤ ምክርና ቡራኬ ሰጧቸዉ። ይሄም ለሰላም ወዳድ ወገኖች በሙሉ ታላቅ ብሥራት ነበረ። የህብረቱም ሠነድ የሚከተሉትን ታላላቅ ስምምነቶች ያካተተ ነበር፤

  • ትግሉ በሰላማዊ መንገድ እንዲሁን፤
  • በታቀደዉ የ2005 ዓ/ም አገራዊ ምርጫ ላይ ለመሳተፍ የሚከተሉት አስፈላጊ ቅድመ-ሁኔታዎች መሟላታቸዉን ማረጋገጥ እንደሚኖርባቸዉ፤ የነፃ ምርጫ ቦርድ መመስረትና በያንዳንዱ ምርጫ ኬላ ላይ ዓለም አቀፋዊና አገራዊ ገለልተኞች ታዛቢዎች መገኘት እንደሚኖርባቸዉ፤
  • ሁሉም የፖሊቲካ ድርጅቶች እኩል እንዲሳተፉ ሁኔታዎች መመቻቸት እንደሚኖርባቸዉ፤
  • እነዚህ ሁኔታዎች ካልተሟሉ ግን ከምርጫዉ መገለልና የሕዝብ ሰላማዊ አመፅ መቀስቀስና መምራት ግዳጅ መሆን እንዳለበት ተስማምተዉ ተፈራረሙ።

ዳሩ ግን ተደጋጋሚ ዕድላችን ሆነና ገና ዓመት ሳይሞላቸዉ አንዳነድ አባላት ህብረቱን ጥለዉ ወጡ። በህብረቱ ጎን ቅንጅትን ፈጠሩ። አሁንም ተስፋ ሳይቆረጥ ህብረትና ቅንጅት የጋራ ትግል ለማካሄድ ተስማሙ። እጅግ የሚያሳዝነዉ ግን በነዚህ ስምምነቶችና ቃልኪዳኖች ብዙም መግፋት አልተቻለም። ይባስ ብሎም ብዙ አባላት የነፃና ፍትሐዊ ምርጫ ሥነ ሥርዓት ቅድመ ሁኔታዎች ገና ሳይሟሉ የሕዝባችንን ጥያቄ ንቀዉ ዘልለዉ በምርጫዉ ዉስጥ ተሳተፉ። ከዚያ በኋላ በግለሰቦቹና በፓርቲዎቻቸዉ ላይ የደረሰዉን ኣሳዛኝ ድርጊትና የሕዝባችንን ተደጋጋሚ ሰቆቃ ሁሉም ዜጋ የሚያዉቀዉ ሃቅ ስለሆነ መዘርዘሩ ጊዜ ማባከንና ሰዉ ማሰልቸት ይሆናል በማለት ዝርዝር ዉስጥ መግባት አልፈለግሁም።

ኛ/   የአማራጮች ግምገማ (Options Appraisal)

አሁን ባለንበት ቀዉጢ ዘመን ሊወሰዱ የሚችሉ አማራጮችንና የያንዳንዱን ጥቅምና ጉዳት እንደሚከተለዉ ማየትና መመርመር ይገባል ብዬ አምናለሁ።

(ሀ)   ሁኔታዎችን እንዳሉ መተዉ

የባሰዉ እንዳይመጣና አገሪቷም እንዳትበተን ያለዉ መንግሥት ቢቀጥል ይሻላል የሚሉ ጥቂት ሰዎች አሉ።  አብዛኞቹ ግን ወያኔ/ኢሕአደግ 25 ዓመታት ገዝቷል፤ በነዚህ ረዥም ዘመናት ብዙ ጉዳቶች ደርሰዋል፤ ዛሬ ደግሞ አገሪቷ በጊዜያዊ አዋጅ ስር እየማቀቀች ትገኛለች፤ በቃ፤ ለሁሉም ጊዜ አለው፤ ማንም ኃይል ለዘለዓለም ሊቀጥል አይችልም፤ የለዉጥ ሰዓት ደርሷል ይላሉ። ስለዚህ ባለዉ ሁናቴ ለረዥም ጊዜ የመቀጠል ዕድሉ በጣም የመነመነ ይመስላል። መንግሥትም ሆነ ህዝቡ ይሄንን ጠንቅቀዉ የሚገነዘቡ ይመስላል። ስለዚህ ይሄ እንደጥሩ አማራጭ ሊወሰድ የሚችልበት ሁናቴ ያለ አይመስልም።

(ለ)    ቅድስት አገር ማፍረስና ዘመነ መሣፍንትን መመለስ

የግንጠላ ዓላማን የሚያራምዱ ጥቂት ግለሰቦችና ቡድኖች ኢትዮጵያ መፍረስ አንዳለባት ሲሰብኩ ይሰማሉ። በዚህም ላይ የአፍሪቃን ምድር መልሰዉ ሊቀራመቱ የሚሹና በተለይ ለአትዮጵያ ጥፋት የማይተኙ የዉጪ ታሪካዊ ጠላቶች  ይሄንን ዓላማ ከማራመድና ከመደገፍ የሚቆጠቡ አይመስሉም። ሆኖም ግን የኢትዮጵያን የቆዳ ስፋትና የህዝቧን ስብጥር ለተመለከተ አስተዋይ ይሄ የሚያዋጣ አማራጭ ሊሆን ከቶ እንደማይችል ያዉቃል። ቢፈልጉም እንኳን የእያንዳንዱን ጎሣ ድንበር ለመከለል በዓለም ላይ የሚገኙ የካርታ ልሂቃን ቢሰበሰቡ የሚቻላቸዉ ነገር አይሆንም። እያንዳንዱ ነገድ በሁሉም የአገሪቷ ክፍል ሰፍሮ ይገኛል፤ በደም፤ በጋብቻ፤ በወገንነት ተሳስሮ ለብዙ ዘመናት ኖሯል። አገሪቷን ብዙ ቦታ በጣጥሶ በድንበር ግጭት ጭቁኑ ህዝቡ እርስ በርሱ የሚጨራረስበት ምክንያት ይኖራል ብሉ መገመት በጣም ያዳግታል። የተገነባዉን ከማፍረስ ይልቅ ያለዉን በመጠገን በእኩልነት፤ በሰላም፤ በፍቅርና በብልፅግና አብሮ መራመዱ አማራጭ የለዉም የሚሉ  ዘጎች ቁጥር እጅግ በጣም ያመዝናል። ስለዚህ ይሄን ጥያቄ እንደአማራጭ መዉሰድ አይቻልም።

(ሐ)   የሚቀጥለዉን መንግሥት የዉጪ ኃይሎች እንዲያዘጋጁልን

ዛሬ ከዉጪ ታላላቅ ኃይሎች ተጽዕኖ ዉጪ የራሳችንን መንግሥት በራሳችን መመሥረት አንችልም ብለዉ የሚገምቱ ሰዎች ይኖራሉ። በሌላዉ ጎን ደግሞ እኛ ራሳችንን በራሳችን ማስተዳደር የምንችልና የብዙ ሺህ ዓመታት ልምድ ያለን ሰዎች የማንም አገር ጥገኛ መሆን አይገባንም። የዉጪ ኃይሎች ሁሌም የሚቆሙት ለራሳቸዉ ጥቅም እንጂ ለኛ እንዳልሆነ ታሪክ ምስክራችን ነዉ፤ ዛሪም እኛን እያፈናቀሉ መሬቶቻችንን ቀምተዉ ሲበለጽጉ እኛ በርሃብ አረንቋ እየተጠበስንና እያለቅን ነን፤ ወዘተ፤ ስለዚህ በምንም ዓይነት ወደ ቀጥታም ሆነ ተዘዋዋሪ ቅኝ ተገዥነት  ዉስጥ መግባት ከቶዉንም አይገባንም  የሚሉ ወገኖች ቁጥር እጅግ በጣም ስለሆነ ይሄም እንደአማራጭ ሊወሰድ የሚችል ጉዳይ አይደለም።

(መ)   የአገሩን ሠርዶ በአገሩ በሬ (ችግሮቻችንን እኛዉ በእኛዉ በህብረት መፍታት አለብን)

እላይ የተመለከቱት ሀሳቦች ጥሩ አማራጮች ሊሆኑ እንደማይችሉ ባጭሩ ለማሳየት ተሞክሯል። መፍትሔዉ በጎሣ ወይም በሃይማኖት ሳንከፋፈል ንጹሕ ዲሞክራሲን መገንባት ብቻ ነዉ። የዲሞክራሲ ግንባታ ደግሞ የወሬ ጋጋታ ሳይሆን በተግባር የሚታይ መሆን አለበት። ዲሞክራሲ ዲሞክራሲ እያሉ ከህዝብ መሸሽ አይቻልም፤ የለዉጡ ባለቤት ህዝቡ ራሱ መሆን አለበትና። ህዝቡ ራሱ የፈለገዉን የመምረጥና የማስወገድ መብት ሳይኖረዉ የዲሞክራሲ እንቅስቃሴ አለ ብሎ መገመት ይቻላል? አይቻልም፤ ራስን ለማታለል ወይንም ህዝቡን ለማጭበረበር ካልሆነ በስተቀር። በአገር ዉስጥ ያለዉ ህዝባችን ሙሉ መብቱ መጠበቅ አለበት። በዓለም እንደአሸዋ የተበተነዉ ወገን ተመልሶ በኩራት እየኖረ ሕዝባችንን እንዲያገለግል ጥርጊያ መንገድ ማበጀት ይኖርብናል። እግዚአብሔር የሰጠንን ሰፊ የተፈጥሮ ኃብት ለወገኖቻችን ማብቃትና ርሃብን፤ ጥማትን፤ እርዛትን፤ ስደትንና እንግልትን ለማስወገድ ቆርጦ መነሳት ያስፈልጋል። ቁርጥ ያለዉ የዲሞክራሲና ራስን የመቻል አማራጭ ይሄን ይመስላል፤ በኔ ቅን እይታ።

፭ኛ/   መደምደሚያ

አሁንም ካለፉት ስህተቶችና ጥፋቶች መማር አንችልም ወይ?

ዛሬ በዉዲቷ አገራችን ላይ ቀኑ እጨለመባት ይገኛል።  ብዙም አማራጮች የሉንም።አሁን የደረስንበት ዉድቀት ህዝቡን ብቻ ሳይሆን ባለሥልጣናትንም እኩል ማሳሰብ አለበት። ሥልጣን ይመጣል፤ ይሄዳል። ገንዘብ አብሮ ጉድጓድ አይገገባም።  አገር ግን ለእኛ ብቻ ሳትሆን ለሚቀጥሉትም ትዉልዶች መትረፍ ይኖርባታል። አያቶቻችንና ቅድመ አያቶቻችን ደማቸዉን አፍስሰዉ አጥንታቸዉን ከስክሰዉ በነፃነት ያቆዩዋት ቅድስት አገር እንዴት በእኛ ዘመን እንዲህ እየተጎዳች ህልዉናዋ አጠራታሪነት ዉስጥ ይገባል? ምርጫዉም ሆነ ኃላፊነቱ የሁላችንም መሆን ይገባዋል።

ወያኔ/ኢሕአደግ ለዘለዓለም ሊገዛ አይችልም፤ ለሁሉም ጊዜ አለዉና። በዓለም ታላቅ ዝና ያተረፉት የቀ/ኃ/ሥና በአፍሪቃ አህጉር መሬትን ያንቀጠቀጠዉ የደርግ መንግሥት ቀናቸዉ ሲደርስ እንዴት እንደመነመኑና እንደከሰሙ መዘርዘር አይኖርብኝም፤ በታሪክ ፊት ተቀምጧልና። በሩቁም በእነ አሜሪካ ለረዥም ዓመታት ሲረዱና ሲደገፉ በነበሩት በእነ ሞቡቱ፤ የሻህ ንጉሥ፤ ሆስኒ ሙባረክ፤ ወዘተ ላይ በመጨረሻ የደረሰዉን ዉርደት መርሳት  የለብንም።

ተቃዋሚ የፖሊቲካ ድርጅቶች ነን የሚሉትና በተግባር ግን የጭቆናን ዘመን የሚያራዝሙ በሙሉ ካለፉት ስህተቶች ገና ሊማሩ አልቻሉም፤ ‘ድር ቢያብር አንበሳ ያስር’ የተባለዉን ቅዱስ አሳብ ደጋግመዉ መናቃቸዉ ያስተዛዝባል። ቁርጥ ያለ አቋም ያስፈልጋል፤ ከዛፍ ዛፍ መዝለል ዬትም አያደርስም። ለጊዜያዊ ጥቅማ ጥቅሞች በርካሽ መገዛትና አገርን መሸጥ በሰማይም በምድርም ያስጠይቃል። ቀኑ ሲደርስ ራቆታችንን ወደምድር እነደመጣን ሁሉ ራቆታችንን ወደዚያዉ እነደምንመለስ አንርሳ!!!

ምርጫዉ ለሁላችንም ክፍት ነዉ፤

  • ህብረት ማጠንከር የግድ ነዉ። እላይ ከተገለፀዉ የ2003 ዓ/ም የህብረት ምሥረታ፤ ከፍተኛ አስተዋጽኦና አለኝታነት ብዙ መማር ይኖርብናል። አሁንም የመንፈስ እጅግ በጣም ያስፈልገናል – ከሊቅ እስከዴቂቅ ድረስ። ካለዚያ አገራችንን ለማዳከም ወይ ለማጥፋት ለሚፈልጉት ጠላቶች መጋለቢያ ቦታ ሆነን እንቀራለን። በዚያ ደግሞ የሚደሰት ማንም ዜጋ ይኖራል ብዬ መገመት አልችልም። ወደ 2003 ዓ/ም ስምምነት ብንመለስ ይሻላል። ሁሉም ተቃዋሚ ድርጅቶች ተቀራርበዉ በዲሞክራሲ ግንባታ ላይ መተባበር ይኖርባቸዋል። እንዲያዉ ቁጭ ብለን ወያኔ/ኢሕአደግ፤ አሜሪካና ሌሎች የዉጪ መንግሥታት የሚቀጥለዉን መንግሥት ያመቻቹልናል ብሎ መጠበቅ ‘ዉሃ ቅዳ ዉሃ መልስ’ ብቻ ነዉ የሚሆነዉ። ካሁንም ወዲያ ቑጭ ብሉ በተደጋጋሚ የሚታለል ዜጋ አይኖርም።
  • የነፃ ዜና አገልግሎት ድርጅቶች/ሚዲያ ነን የሚሉት ሁሉ በቅንነት ሁሉንም ዜጎችና ድርጅቶች ማሳተፍ ይጠበቅባቸዋል። ከተሰቃዩ፤ ከታሰሩ፤ ከተሰወሩና ከተገደሉ ንፁሓን ዜጎች መካከል እየመረጡ ማቅረብና ሌሎቹን መርሳቱ የሙያ ጉድለት ስለሚሆንና ስለሚያስተዛዝብ የተሻለ ጥረት እንዲደረግ ጨምሬ ላሳስብ እወዳለሁ።
  • አገራዊ እርቀ ሰላም ማዉረድ የተባረከና ቀና ተግባር ነዉ። ከኒልሰን ‘ማዲባ’ ማንዴላ ጥረቶች ትንሽ ብንማር መልካም ነዉ። እርሳቸዉ ለአገራቸዉ ነፃነትና ሰላም ሲሉ ከአፓርታይድ ጠላቶቻቸዉ ጋር እንኳን ታርቀዋል። አሁን ያለፈዉ አለፈ። ይቅር መባባል አለብን። ለወደፊቱ መልካም ራዕይ ፈጥረን አገራችንን ከጥፋት ማዳን አለብን። በሕዝብ ተመርጠዉ በሕዝብ መሃል በነፃ ሊንቀሳቀሱ የሚችሉና ሕዝባችንን ተንከባክበዉ አገራችንን ወደ ጥፋት ሳይሆን ወደ ዕድገት ጎዳና ሊመሩ የሚችሉትን መሪዎች መፍጠር አለብን። በተለይ ከኤርትራ ወገኖቻችን ጋር ሰላም መፍጠር አለብን፤ ተወደደም ተጠላ የብዙ ሺህ ዓመታት የጠበቀ ትሥሥር አለንና።
  • ለዚህም መፍትሔዉ ንጹሕ ዲሞክራሲን መገንባት ብቻ ነዉ።
  • በዓለም እንደአሸዋ የተበተነዉ ወገን ተመልሶ በኩራት እየኖረ ሕዝባችንን እንዲያገለግል ጥርጊያ መንገድ ማበጀት ይኖርብናል።
  • እግዚአብሔር የሰጠንን ሰፊ የተፈጥሮ ኃብት ለወገኖቻችን ማብቃትና ርሃብን፤ ጥማትን፤ እርዛትን፤ ስደትንና እንግልትን ለማስወገድ ቆርጦ መነሳት ያስፈልጋል።

ቸሩ አምላካችን ቅን ልቦና ይስጠን፤ ይታረቀን፤ ወገኖቻችንና ውድ አገራችንን ይጠብቅልን፤ አሜን

EMF

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

የስብሃት ነጋና የቤተሰቡ የሙስና ምስጢሮች (ዘ-ሐበሻ ቪዲዮ)

zehabesha

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

ANALYSIS: INSIDE THE CONTROVERSIAL EFFORT

January 16, 2017

By Oman Uliah, Special to Addis Standard  

ANALYSIS: INSIDE THE CONTROVERSIAL EFFORT

Every authoritarian regime has its own symbol of economic exploitations and monopoly either in an individual face or in an organizational mask.

Ethiopia, despite its success in persuading its western allies that it is combating poverty using its fast economic growth and democratization, remained to be one of the poorest and most closed countries where a group of few individuals control vast economic shares and absolute political power. Unlike many other authoritarian regimes, the most dominant ruling elite group in Ethiopia has a complex behavior in that it claims to represent a minority ethnic group from the northern part of the country, Tigray. In response it has gotten a relatively overwhelming legitimacy among the people of Tigray as compared to other regions; or at least many people, including myself, believe it receives better legitimacy only in that specific region.

Moreover, this elite group has established a chain of several multi-billion dollar worth business firms under a home-grown umbrella called EFFORT, ‘Endowment Fund for the Rehabilitation of Tigray’, which was originally established to serve a harmless looking purpose of  ‘rehabilitating’ Tigray, a war-torn region deprived of a fair chance to prosper during decades of successive regimes. In the past 25 years of TPLF’s dominated political rule in Ethiopia, therefore, EFFORT has emerged as one of the leading economic powerhouses in the name of ‘rehabilitating’ the region.

 What is in the name?

On the surface, EFFORT is an umbrella company for a group of businesses which are involved in major industrial activities in Ethiopia, such as banking and insurance, import and export, media and communication, construction, agribusiness, and mining, among others.

Having started with an initial capital of around US$100 million, EFFORT’s worth has now reached more than a staggering US$3 billion in paid capital, creating more than 47,000 employment opportunities.

EFFORT companies were first registered as private share companies owned by some of the top leaders of TPLF. Later on, however, the companies were re-registered as “endowment” companies whose profits will not be divided to individuals, according to the 1960 Ethiopian civil code. However, top officials of the TPLF, the most powerful member of Ethiopia’s ruling party EPRDF, remained as the CEOs and GMs of these companies; and some of whom reportedly own small shares designed to motivate them in helping EFFORT stay competitive.

‘The original sin’: How did TPLF accumulate its wealth?

 EFFORT’s official profile claims it was established by using seed money from the liquidated amount of capital of the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), accumulated during Ethiopia’s 17 years civil war of the militarist Derg regime to establish these companies.

In 2008, Aregawi Berhe, a former veteran of TPLF who later on left the party, did his Ph.D. dissertation on ‘The Political History of TPLF’ for Vrije Universteit in Amsterdam, somehow corroborates the story. In his account of the party’s earliest times, Aregawi wrote about one of the first successful operations that the then guerilla fighters ever had: ‘Axum Operation’. It is a military operation that succeeded in raiding a police garrison and a bank in the historic city of Axum in the north during which the TPLF fighters made away with “substantial amounts of arms and ammunition and 175,000 birr (US$ 84,000)”, according to Aregawi.

Having started by raiding public banks, members of the TPLF continued to accumulate wealth and went on to dominate the contested use of ‘aid money’ for political purposes before the party came to control power in 1991. TPLF had also founded the Relief Society of Tigray (REST), a humanitarian wing, during the civil war. “By June 1985,” wrote Aregawi Berhe, “REST had received more than US$100 million from donors in the name of saving famine victims. [… however] the late Meles [Zenawi’s] proposal for the allocation of the relief aid money was as follows: 50% for MLLT [Marxist-Leninist League of Tigray] consolidation, 45% for TPLF activities and 5% for the famine victims.” Predictably, Aregawi’s claim, especially that of aid money allocations, has been vehemently denied by the current TPLF leaders.

Gebru Asrat, another former TPLF veteran who later on established an opposition political party Arena Tigray, has briefly raised this issue in his book, ‘Lualawinet Ena Democracy beEthiopia’, (Sovereignty and Democracy in Ethiopia), and said that the guerilla fighters used to get a lot of money in foreign aid and; ‘it was up to the TPLF [leadership] to allocate which money goes where.” Gebru neither confirmed nor denied Aregawi’s claim that aid money was used for political purposes. If anything, he is of the view that it is impossible to make such allegations.

However, legally questionable ways of accumulating wealth seemed to have continued within the party even after it took control of state power. Ermias Legesse, a former Communication State Minister, who is now in exile, has recently published his second book, ‘Yemeles Leqaqit’, in which he raised multiple controversial points against the establishment and functions of EFFORT.

In Chapter six of this 565 pages book, Ermias tells several stories on how EFFORT used to get its finances unfairly from the Ethiopian state and how it transferred it to its own account. Ermias went an extra mile to display a letter written in 1994 and was signed by the then Prime Minister, Tamrat Layne, demanding the Addis Abeba Health bureau to refund TPLF’s medical expenses of the civil war time. The money requested amounted to more than four million birr (almost 67% of the city’s annual budget at that time), but the total amount paid by the Ministry of Health was actually 17 million birr. Ermias also wrote that the medicines that TPLF had distributed to  the locals during the civil war, for which it had requested a refund, was actually robbed by the guerilla fighters from public pharmacies. The money that was paid back in such a bizarre demand by the then Prime Minister was put in TPLF’s accounts.

Of continued sins & controversies

Companies that are currently under the umbrella of EFFORT were originally established as PLCs having a few members of TPLF leaders as shareholders. Later on, in August 1995, they were re-registered as ‘endowment’ companies and still remained under the umbrella of EFFORT.

The re-registration of these PLCs as ‘endowment’ companies was done to justify that these companies were established using the money donated by the shareholders of the preceding PLCs, which in itself portrays a picture that EFFORT, as a conglomerate of these companies, did not use public money to be established. According to the Ethiopian civil code, endowment companies are legally prohibited from distributing their profits to individuals. This fact effectively obscures the few individuals controlling these companies behind a party cover.

In 2004, the Amharic version of the ‘Ethiopian Reporter’, a bi-weekly newspaper owned by a former member of the TPLF rebel group, published series of stories concerning EFFORT and its debt in public banks, including the controversial cancellation of the debt. (The copies of these publications are annexed in the latest book of Ermias Legesse, referred above.)

According to this series of publication, EFFORT had borrowed 1.7 billion birr from the state-owned Commercial Bank of Ethiopia (CBE) which later on has risen to 1.8 billion birr debt including the interests. First, CBE officials have denied and said that ‘they did not loan money to EFFORT’. But later on CBE had transferred the debts to yet another state-owned bank, Development Bank of Ethiopia (DBE), for ‘better management’. Finally, DBE reported that the amount of money loaned to EFFORT was ‘none performing’ loan. Ermias claims that the CBE had loaned EFFORT the money with no collateral in the first place. The following year it was reported that DBE, the bank that took over the loan for “better management” was facing a bankruptcy of some 3.5 billion birr; certainly not exclusively attributable to the loan provided to EFFORT, but due in a significant part to it.

The other controversy surrounding EFFORT lies in the manner in which its businesses affiliates operate. Its leaders claim that their extreme obedience to the rule of law and their refusal to bribe local officials often poses a great challenge to their operations, disadvantaging their businesses. However, EFFORT companies are generally known to enjoy a great deal of support from officials. A good example to prove this is a rare ruling by a federal court on the 19th December 2012. The federal First instance court at Lideta ruled that one of EFFORT’s companies, Mega Entertainment Center, which was led by the widow of the late PM Meles Zenawi, Azeb Mesfin, has been running its business in a fraudulent manner by reporting more expenses than the actual and without paying value-added taxes collected from its customers during the preceding eight years.

But the secrecy of most of these companies is such that details like this come to the public’s knowledge only when there is disagreement between stakeholders; this time, it was between Azeb and another management member of Mega, Eqoubay Berhe.

Still, just what is EFFORT?

According to a letter by former US ambassador to Ethiopia, Donald Yamamoto, which was one of the Wikileaks documents, Ex-TPLF veteran Seyee Abraha (who later on fell from favor and was subsequently jailed for corruption) was quoted as saying the objectives of EFFORT during its foundation were “to study, and then establish profitable companies that use locally-available resources and provide employment [opportunities] for Tigray.” In this sense, EFFORT, even though it also gets raw materials from and markets its end products to other regions in Ethiopia, mostly (though not exclusively) hires Tigrians.

In principle, its profit should be used to rehabilitate the region. However, many Tigrians despair the fact that the “Endowment” is merely used by a few corrupt TPLF elites to enrich themselves. Former veteran and ex-president of the Tigray region for a decade, Gebru Asrat, in his book mentioned above admitted that the “endowment” was being exploited by a few TPLF top leaders; he suggested that there must be ways of diverting EFFORT’s profits/wealth to the people of Tigray as the endowment belongs to the Tigrians. His suggestion indicates a return, once again, of the endowment to a share company in which as many individuals could become shareholders. Many Tigrian pro-democracy activists agree with Gebru Asrat’s suggestions.

What do ‘others’ own?

The gangs in TPLF are enemy number ONE for the entire Ethiopian people.

Without a doubt, other regions of Ethiopia have also suffered significant social and economic devastations during the 17 years civil war before it ended in 1991. Military expenditure was Ethiopia’s biggest expense during the entire rule of the militarist Derg regime. Suffice to say, therefore, other regions also needed ‘endowments’ of their own.

It seemed it was in response to this concern that TPLF ‘provided’ seed money for other rehabilitation funds.  In Oromia regional state is Dinsho endowment, which was established in 1992 and was renamed Tumsa Endowment for Development of Oromia in 2001. It is led by top officials of the OPDO, the party representing the region within the EPRDF coalition. In Amhara regional state is ‘TIRET’, first established in 1995 and went on to incorporate several pre-existing companies. TIRET is led by senior officials of ANDM, the party representing the region within the ruling EPRDF. And in Southern Nations Nationalities and People’s Region (SNNPR) is WENDO trading, which was established in 1994 and is led by senior officials of SEPDM, the party representing the region within the ruling EPRDF.

Seyee Abraha has admitted: “TPLF gave a portion of its capital to each of the three parties within the EPRDF to establish their own endowment funds”. However, the combined numbers of companies run by these three ‘endowments’ are less than twenty; whereas at least 24 companies are listed under EFFORT; (some put these numbers as high as 380). The nature of secrecy surrounding this delicate matter means one may never find out the real figures.

Nonetheless, the three “endowments” run by OPDO, ANDM and SEPDM were supposed to create employment opportunities for more than 80% of Ethiopia’s population as compared to EFFORT’s targeting of 6% of Ethiopians in Tigray regional state.

According to a research titled ‘Rethinking Business and Politics in Ethiopia’, published in 2011 by Sarah Vaughan and Mesfin Gebremichael, “[TIRET] companies employ only 2,800 staff, as compared with the more 14,000 permanent employees or 34,000 contract staff of EFFORT and its companies.” And the poorest regional states of Ethiopia, namely, the Somali, Afar, Benishangul-Gumuz and Gambella regions do not have ‘endowment companies’ of their own to help them rehabilitate their respective regions, although they are politically administered by EPRDF’s sister parties.

What’s not and what’s owned by EFFORT?

There is a big deal of confusion in identifying EFFORT’s business complexities. Selam Bus Share Company is a good example. Established in 1996, 99.6% of this interregional transport service providing company share is held by Tigray Development Association (TDA); the rest is held by individuals. Although Selam Bus board members, as are EFFORT companies’ board members, are members of the TPLF, EFFORT has no registered share in Selam Bus. However, Selam Bus is a company many people name first when asked to list EFFORT’s businesses. This blurry ownership status is perhaps one of the reasons why Selam Buses were targeted by the last year’s widespread public protesters in Oromia and Amhara regions.

Dejennna Endowment is another example. Established to ‘help promote development in Tigray,’ on the surface Dejenna Endowment is a part of the Relief Society of Tigray (REST). There are 11 companies listed under Dejenna Endowment in its website. In 2009, Dejenna has merged with EFFORT following the appointment of Azeb Mesfin, widow of the late Meles Zenawi, as head of the later. Companies under EFFORT usually hold shares in one another’s companies so that one pulls up when another fails. However, until today little is known about the merger of EFFORT and Dejenna. Besides, the information on the official websites of the two endowments mis-inform readers as if the two are independent of one another. But, some of the companies that are known to be under EFFORT are actually listed as the properties of Dejenna endowment.

The Sheger vs Mekelle narrative

By now, keen observers of the relationship between politics and business in Ethiopia can safely assume that business and politics in Ethiopia are radically divided into two major narratives in defining and perceiving the current TPLF dominated regime. I call these narratives ‘the Sheger narrative’ – a political narrative that is mostly advocated from here in the capital Addis Abeba, and ‘the Mekelle narrative’ – usually advocated by the people in Mekelle, the capital of the Tigray regional state, home to the all too powerful members of TPLF.

However, both narratives go beyond these respective centers depending on whose political view is solicited. The two narratives are only thoughts that do have majority acceptance in their respective centers. ‘The Sheger narrative’ (the most popular one) considers the TPLF dominated administration as a total failure that holds power by force; whereas ‘the Mekelle narrative’ generally sympathizes with the regime and considers it as a legitimate administration, albeit admitting some of its fault lines mostly due to the corrupt practices of some of its leaders.

This definition makes it clear how and why Tigrians (in most cases driven by ‘the Mekelle narrative’) and non-Tigrians (driven by ‘the Sheger narrative’) view the relationship between TPLF and EFFORT differently.

Tigrian pro-democracy activists’ criticism of EFFORT can be clearly seen by how they react to the manner in which former leaders of TPLF, who were expelled during the party’s infamous split in 2001, view EFFORT. Former top leaders of TPLF, Seyee Abraha, as we read him on wikileaks documents, and Gebru Asrat, from his book, both criticize EFFORT’s management. Both regret EFFORT’s failure to rehabilitate Tigray as was stipulated in its foundational principles. However, both believe the people of Tigray are the rightful owners of these ‘endowment’ companies under EFFORT.

On the contrary, most non-Tigrian activists and politicians disown EFFORT and also the rest of ‘endowments’ that are being manipulated by EPRDF leaders. Lidetu Ayalew, former leader of the opposition Ethiopian Democratic Party, and Dr. Berhanu Nega, current leader of the outlawed Ginbot 7, both condemned EFFORT as a party business that monopolized the economy, and both concluded the “endowments” should be dissolved or privatized. Similarly, many other activists want to (and sometimes advocate) boycotting EFFORT services and products to stop TPLF’s hegemonic march.

In the same manner, Tigrian activists claim other home grown charity organizations operating in Tigray, namely REST and TDA, are used to create grassroots networks to dictate the people of Tigray become loyalists of the TPLF, whereas non-Tigrian activists, such as Ermias Legesse, disagree and say these organizations are replicas of EFFORT to simply promote disproportionate social development of Tigrians at the cost of others.

This leads us to conclude that ‘the Mekelle narrative’ generally portrays EFFORT as an organization that rightfully belongs to the ‘Tigrian people’ which is unfortunately being exploited by few members of the top management for personal gains. ‘The Sheger narrative’, on the other hand, defines EFFORT as ‘a tool to exploit the wealth of Ethiopian people and create economic monopoly for the benefit of a [small] group’.

 The red line

What is indisputable is speaking truth in a country governed by the TPLF dominated EPRDF is always a dangerous exercise; speaking the truth about EFFORT is even more dangerous. A tax controller from Adama, 100kms south east of Addis Abeba, who is now in Qilinto prison on the southern outskirt of Addis Abeba suspected of ‘corruption’ has recently told me that ‘EFFORT trucks were known to be untouchables on their way to and from Djibouti port’. Similarly, investigating companies under EFFORT is normally a red line no journalist in Ethiopia would like to cross, contributing to the secrecy of the ins and outs of the giant umbrella.

Concealed in this intimidating rubble are crucial facts about EFFORT such as details on tax returns. That is why this article cannot be taken as an exhaustive look into the functions of EFFORT and its affiliates, but just the tip of the iceberg to demonstrate in part some facts about the economic exploitations of the authoritarian regime currently governing Ethiopia.

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

Ethnic nationalism and the Gondar protests – Al Jazeera

An analysis on what the rising ethnic nationalism among the historically powerful Amhara means for the country’s future.


A man from Ethiopia’s Amhara, the second largest ethnic group in the country [ K Muller/De Agostini/Getty Images]
byAmba Giorgis, Ethiopia – Etenesh* sits alone on a worn cow skin in her mud-walled home in Amba Giorgis, a small Ethiopian market town in the northerly Amhara region. Her husband, a merchant, was arrested early in November, due to his alleged participation in anti-government protests over the last few months.

“He was taken to a military camp,” says Etenesh, a mother of two who sells coffee to farmers from her shack. “I know that because he called me twice.”

She does not know when, or if, he will come back, but she does know that life without the family’s primary breadwinner is tough. “It’s just me now, trying to provide for my kids.”

Talk of arrests is prevalent in Amba Giorgis, which is part of the North Gondar district experiencing clashes between armed farmers and the military.

On the edge of town, government soldiers man a new checkpoint. They moved into a road construction camp, following the declaration of a sweeping state of emergency on October 8 in response to the unrest among Ethiopia’s two largest ethnic groups: the Oromo, who make up around one-third of the population, and the Amhara.

On July 31, residents of Gondar, which is around 700km north of the capital, Addis Ababa, came out to demonstrate amid a long-standing territorial dispute with the neighbouring Tigray region. During Ethiopia’s transition from a unitary to a federal state in the early 1990s, some Amhara claim they lost territory to Tigrayans when the country was restructured along ethnolinguistic lines.

The demonstrations have been used as a platform to voice discontent over alleged government repression of the Amhara as well as to promote a budding ethnic nationalism among them. The Amhara are the second-largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, constituting 27 percent in the country of nearly 100 million people.

The ruling coalition, the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), is a grouping of four ethnic-based parties, including Oromo, Amhara and Tigray parties. The Tigray People’s Liberation Front ( TPLF), is the founder of the EPRDF and is perceived to be the powerhouse  of the coalition, even though Tigrayans represent just six percent of the population.

Pro-TPLF  commentators believe that the Amhara wing of the coalition, the Amhara National Democratic Movement, gave its blessing to the Gondar protest as part of an attempt to reduce TPLF dominance. But events gathered momentum, when the sentiments on display in Gondar reverberated in the following weeks, as thousands of ethnic Amhara hit the streets in towns like Amba Giorgis.

During the protests, slogans reflected a sense of victimisation.

“Being an Amhara is not a crime,” read one. “Respect Amharaness,” said another.

Properties associated with the ruling coalition were attacked, and the main road leading to the tourist-magnet Simien Mountains was blockaded.

The government’s emergency decree, which, among other things, bans most political activity, including watching opposition satellite channels, has seen tens of thousands detained on suspicion of being party to the unrest.

“Some 11,607 individuals have so far been detained in six prisons, of which 347 are female, in connection with the state of emergency declared in the country,” official Taddesse Hordofa said in a televised statement on November 12 after the state of emergency was implemented.

The measure has returned a degree of order to Ethiopia. However, underlying issues remain.

READ MORE: Ethiopia state of emergency arrests top 11,000

Amba Giorgis, in North Gondar, in Amhara region, has seen increased demonstrations and a rise in nationalist identity [William Davison/Al Jazeera]

Split identity

The Amhara held privileged positions during the imperial era that ended with Emperor Haile Selassie’s overthrow in 1974. Some EPRDF’s federalists insist that they remain loyal to ideas from that time and are suspicious of the current arrangement.

For hundreds of years, the language and culture of Ethiopia’s imperial courts was Amharic and, for many, advancement in career or social status depended on assimilating to it and many ambitious members of other ethnicities adopted Amhara customs.

By the 20th century, the Amhara culture had become the culture of the educated and of urban “elites” who were often ethnically mixed, according to the historian, Takkle Taddese. As a result, the Amhara can be seen as “a supra ethnically conscious ethnic Ethiopian serving as the pot in which all the other ethnic groups are supposed to melt,” writes Taddese in his essay, titled: Do the Amharas Exist as a Distinct Ethnic Group?

READ MORE: The ‘Ethiopia rising’ narrative and the Oromo protests

When the EPRDF came to power in 1991 and ushered in federalism, the Amhara were treated just as any other ethnic group: a collection of people with their own identity and territory – a premise with which proponents of contemporary Amhara nationalism agree.

The Amhara have existed as a distinct community for thousands of years, fulfilling “all the basic markers of an ethnic group: distinct language, distinct culture, collective national memory and experience and so forth”, argues Wondwosen Tafesse, an academic based in Norway and a commentator on Amhara issues.

But even with surging ethnic assertiveness, many Amhara are still likely to give precedence to pan-Ethiopian identity, as Amhara nationalism is not an end in itself, according to Wondwosen.

Rather, it is a reaction to “fend off multiple attacks, real and imagined”, he says. The expulsion in 2013 of thousands of Amharas by regional officials from Southern People’s Regional State and Benishangul-Gumuz , according to a report by The Human Rights Congress of Ethiopia, is raised to support allegations that the government deliberatelytargets ethnic Amharas.

For opposing Amhara elites, who had to grapple with the pre-eminent questions of identity during EPRDF rule, ethnic nationalism was antithetical to pan-Ethiopian nationalism.

OPINION: The Oromo protests have changed Ethiopia

An unknown future

Even with a growing sense of ethnic nationalism, pan-Ethiopian nationalism still enjoys wider acceptance among the Amhara elites, argues Chalachew Taddese, a contributor for Wazema, a non-profit radio station founded by exiled Ethiopian journalists based in Europe and the United States. Amhara nationalists, therefore, have to tackle those who see an excessive ethnic focus as compromising the nation’s integrity.

Taddese says two factors have contributed to the increase in Amhara identity: “A growing perception of ethnic discrimination” by the government and “persistent anti-Amhara campaigns” by Oromo elites, who portray the group as “a historical coloniser and victimiser of all other ethnic groups”.

If Amhara nationalism grows in prominence, the relationship with Oromo nationalism might be decisive for the country’s future.

The market town Amba Giorgis, in the North Gondar region, where farmers have been clashing with the military in nearby areas recently [William Davison/Al Jazeera]

During the protests, Oromo and Amhara nationalists displayed signs of solidarity in the face of what they believed to be a common enemy: the TPLF. But, there were always questions   about the camaraderie and whether it was meaningful and sustainable.

The Oromo rose up in November 2015 amid complaints that they have been politically and economically marginalised under a federal system that promised them autonomy. The protests were a testament to a reinvigorated Oromo nationalism.

READ MORE: Oromo nationalism on the rise in Ethiopia

Unlike its nascent Amhara equivalent, Oromo nationalism goes back a half-century, with an established ideology, institutions and aspirations.

Any secessionist Oromo tendencies cause alarm among Amharas, who promote their identity within a multinational Ethiopia.

But Oromo nationalism is also predicated upon alleged persecution by Amhara elites during the imperial era. Accordingly, Amhara nationalism, if it solidifies, “will be forced to counteract the narratives of Oromo elites”, Chalachew says.

One battleground will be the legacy of Menelik II, a late 19th-century emperor whose military campaigns shaped the boundaries of modern Ethiopia. Oromo nationalists, who want to remove his statue in the heart of Addis Ababa, see him as an Amhara imperialist conqueror.

Amid these immediate and pressing challenges, the rise in Amhara nationalism creates more turbulence in the region, raising questions that no one yet seems able to answer.

A section of the royal castle compound in Gondar. The city’s history as a power centre is playing into recent ethnic-related unrest [William Davison/Al Jazeera]

*Names has been changed for privacy purposes.

The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera’s editorial policy.

Source: Al Jazeera

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

Ethiopia: Year of Brutality, Restrictions – Human Rights Watch

ANUARY 12, 2017

Ethiopia: Year of Brutality, Restrictions
(Nairobi) – Ethiopia plunged into a human rights crisis in 2016, increasing restrictions on basic rights during a state of emergency and continuing a bloody crackdown against largely peaceful protesters, Human Rights Watch said today in its World Report 2017. The state of emergency permits arbitrary detention, restricts access to social media, and bans communications with foreign groups.

Ethiopian security hold back demonstrators chanting slogans during Irreecha, the thanksgiving festival of the Oromo people, in Bishoftu town, Oromia region, Ethiopia, October 2, 2016.

Ethiopian security hold back demonstrators chanting slogans during Irreecha, the thanksgiving festival of the Oromo people, in Bishoftu town, Oromia region, Ethiopia, October 2, 2016.

Security forces killed hundreds and detained tens of thousands of protesters in Ethiopia’s Oromia and Amhara regions during the year. Many of those who were released reported that they were tortured in detention, a longstanding problem in Ethiopia. The government has failed to meaningfully investigate security forces abuses or respond to calls for an international investigation into the crackdown.

“Instead of addressing the numerous calls for reform in 2016, the Ethiopian government used excessive and unnecessary lethal force to suppress largely peaceful protests,” said Felix Horne, senior Africa researcher at Human Rights Watch. “Vague promises of reform are not enough. The government needs to restore basic rights and engage in meaningful dialogue instead of responding to criticism with more abuses.”

In the 687-page World Report, its 27th edition, Human Rights Watch reviews human rights practices in more than 90 countries. In his introductory essay, Executive Director Kenneth Roth writes that a new generation of authoritarian populists seeks to overturn the concept of human rights protections, treating rights as an impediment to the majority will. For those who feel left behind by the global economy and increasingly fear violent crime, civil society groups, the media, and the public have key roles to play in reaffirming the values on which rights-respecting democracy has been built.

Protester anger boiled over following October’s Irreecha cultural festival, when security forces’ mishandling of the massive crowd caused a stampede, resulting in many deaths. In response, angry youth destroyed private and government property, particularly in the Oromia region. The government then announced the state of emergency, codifying many of the security force abuses documented during the protests, and signaling an increase in the militarized response to protesters’ demands for reform.

Government limitations on free expression and access to information undermine the potential for the inclusive political dialogue needed to understand protesters’ grievances, let alone address them, Human Rights Watch said.

The tens of thousands of people detained in 2016 include journalists, bloggers, musicians, teachers, and health workers. Moderates like the opposition leader Bekele Gerba have been charged with terrorism and remain behind bars, education has been disrupted, and thousands have fled the country.

The Liyu police, a paramilitary force, committed numerous abuses against residents of the Somali region in 2016, and displacement from Ethiopia’s development projects continued, including in the Omo valley.

The crackdown during 2016 followed years of systematic attacks against opposition parties, nongovernmental organizations, and independent media, effectively closing political space and providing little room for dissenting voices.

EMF

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

Bomb explodes at hotel in Gondar – UK Foreign travel advice

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) advise against all travel to:

 

 

Summary – on 10 January 2017, there was an explosion at the Intasole Hotel in Gondar; one person is reported to have died and six people injured; you should remain vigilant and follow the advice of the local authorities and your tour operator

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) advise against all travel to:

  • within 10 km of the border with Eritrea, with the exception of the main road through Axum and Adigrat, and tourist sites close to the road (e.g. Debre Damo and Yeha)
  • areas off the principal roads/towns within 10 km of the borders with Sudan and Kenya
  • within 10 km of the border with South Sudan
  • the Nogob (previously Fik), Jarar (previously Degehabur), Shabelle (previously Gode), Korahe and Dollo (previously Warder) zones of the Somali region.
  • within 100 km of the Ethiopian border with Somalia and Kenya in the Afder and Liben zones of Ethiopia’s Somali region
  • the Danakil desert area: north of the Mille-Djibouti and Mille-Chifra roads, and east of the towns of Bere-Ale, Shehet, Didigsala and Chifra
  • the four woredas (districts) (Akobo, Wantawo, Jikawo and Lare) of the Nuer zone and the Jore woreda of the Agnuak zone of the Gambella region

The FCO advise against all but essential travel to:

  • the woredas (districts) of Tsegede, Mirab Armacho and Tach Armacho in North Gonder
  • Jijiga town in the Somali region
  • three woredas (districts) of the Agnuak zone of the Gambella region that border on South Sudan (Dima, Goge and Etang) and the Gambella wildlife reserve

On 10 January 2017, there was an explosion at the Intasole Hotel in Gondar; one person is reported to have died and six people injured. You should remain vigilant and follow the advice of the local authorities and your tour operator.

On 4 January 2017, there were reports of an explosion near the Grand Hotel in Bahir Dar but no casualties were reported.

Demonstrations have been taking place in the Oromia and Amhara regions in 2016 and further protests are likely. In August 2016 there were violent clashes between protestors and security forces including in Gonder, Bahir Dar, and Debretabor in Amhara. Protests may occur with little warning and can turn violent. You should avoid large crowds and remain vigilant at all times. Monitor local and international news for further information. Telecommunications are restricted. The 3G network was turned off on 6 October.

Tensions in Oromia have significantly risen since 2 October when up to 100 people died during a stampede at the Irreechaa religious festival in Oromia. Following this incident, protests and violent incidents have been reported in Shashamene, Ambo, Meki, Awasa, Nekemte, Sebeta, Ambo, Ziway and Aje.

On 8 October a number of farms and properties were destroyed in the following areas; Gelana (Borena Zone), Yirga Chefe and Dilla (Sidama Zone). You should exercise caution when travelling along Route 8 (south of Awassa) as there have been reports of roadblocks and properties attacked in towns along this road.

On 4 October, 2016, a US national travelling by car was killed by rocks thrown by protestors on the road from Holeta to Addis Ababa. On 7 November, in the Surma Woreda near Mizan in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region, a group of Czech and Slovak Nationals were attacked and robbed by armed men who threw rocks at their car, seriously injuring one. Their Ethiopian driver was shot and subsequently died.

There has been widespread disruption to road travel across parts of Ethiopia. Unauthorised and official roadblocks can appear with little or no warning. If you encounter a roadblock you should follow the advice of local authorities at the roadblock if they’re present. If you encounter an unmanned roadblock you should not attempt to pass it and should return the way you came.

On 9 October 2016 the Ethiopian government declared a state of emergency. This is expected to last at least 6 months. This announcement follows months of unrest in the Amhara and Oromia regions.

The Ethiopian government has issued a public statement (unofficial translation) outlining the measures in place under the state of emergency. These include random arrest and searches, suspension of rights to write and circulate inflammatory messages, outlawing of unauthorised demonstrations, possible curfews and blocking the internet. Failure to comply with these measures could lead to detention and/or arrest.

Restrictions on the movement of diplomats beyond Addis Ababa were lifted on 8 November 2016. However during the state of emergency it’s possible that further restrictions could be introduced at short notice that affect access to certain parts of the country. If you’re in Ethiopia and you urgently need help (eg if you’ve been attacked, arrested or there’s been a death), call the British Embassy on +251 (0)11 617 0100.

Addis Ababa remains generally calm with no reported violent incidents linked to the demonstrations in Oromia and Amhara. Domestic flights are operating in and out of airports.

There is a general threat from terrorism. Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places visited by foreigners.

You should be vigilant at all times, especially in crowded areas and public places like transport hubs, hotels, restaurants, bars and places of worship and during major gatherings like religious or sporting events. There is a threat of kidnapping in Ethiopia’s Somali region, particularly in the eastern areas to which the FCO advise against all travel. See Terrorism

Crime levels are low, but you should avoid large gatherings and public demonstrations and be alert to the risk of street crime. See Crime

The Ethiopia-Eritrea border remains closed. Several security incidents have taken place along the border. The risk of cross-border tensions remains. There is a threat of kidnapping along the border. See Local travel

Owning ivory is strictly prohibited in Ethiopia. Anyone caught in possession of ivory can expect to be detained by police. See Local laws and customs

Around 20,000 British nationals visit Ethiopia every year. Most visits are trouble free.

The Overseas Business Risk service offers information and advice for British companies operating overseas on how to manage political, economic, and business security-related risks.

Take out comprehensive travel and medical insurance before you travel.

EMF

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

ትንሽ ገለጥለጥ – አሰፋ ጫቦ

አስፋ ጫቦ

እነደመግቢያ

ይህ የማሕበራዊ ገጾች(Social Media)፣ በተለየም Facebook፣ የአንድ ስሞን ውሎ የቀነጫጨብኩት ነው። እስቲ እንየው! እስቲ እንታዘበው! ለማለት ያክል:

በዚህ ጉዳይ ላይ እጽፍበታለህ የሚል ሀሳብ የነበረኝ አይመስለኝም። ሆኖም በማሕበራዊ ገጾች አንዳንዶች ተንኮስ  ሲደርጉኝ  “ልበለው አልበለው !”የሚል ነገር ይመጣብኝ ነበር። ፈረንጅ Thinking Out Loud  የሚለው ሳይሆን አይቀርም ። የThinking Out Loud ትርጉሙ ይኸውና:-

‘Thinking out Loud’. means that someone is verbalizing an internal monolog (or dialogue); thinking about something and, possibly inadvertently, saying it out loud. The phrase is mostly used when someone else hears it and thinks the person is talking to him or her. … I was just thinking out loud.”

ማብሰልሰ ል ልንለው እንችላለን?

መነሻው

ለዚህ  መነሻ የሆነኝ ሌንጮ ባቲ Facebook ላይ  ስለወንድሙ የሰጠው አስተያየት ነበር።”ወንድሙ፤የኦሮሞ ባንዲራ ካልተውለበለበ በስተቀር ከትምህርት ቤቱ አልመርቅ ብሎ ባንዲራውተሰፋለትና በዚያ ባንዲራ ጥላ ተመረቀ” የሚል ነው። የጻፈውን እዚህ እንዳለ ይኸውና ለጥፌዋለሁ።

Lencho Bati

  • January 8 at 1:16am · Ambo Bati who was five times all American cross country champion refused to graduate unless the Oromo flag is lined with the flag of nations of the graduates. The college looked for all the companies around the world who produce world flags. Could not find it and order it. Spencer, who is Ambo’s track mates and a close friend, and now a Medical Doctor asked his mother to saw an Oromo flag from a picture presented to her over night. She put the pieces together and Ambo’s wish was fulfilled at Augustana College in Illinois on graduation day. It was 1996.

 

እስከሚገባኝ ድረስ ሌንጮ ባቲ የኦሮሞ ነጻ አውጭ ድርጅት አባል፤መሪ( እርግጠኛ አይደለሁም)  ነው/ነበረ።ከሁለት አመት በፊት ይሁን እንዲያ  በMessenger ይመስለኛል ሰላምታና ምልእክት ልኮልኝ መልስ ሰጠሁት። ከዚያ በኋላ አልተመለሰም። መልሴን የወደደው አልመስለኝም።ስለ ኦነግ የማውቀውን ነግሬው “ብቻ በጣም በጥንቃቄ ብታየው ጥሩ ነው!” የሚል ምክር ነበር። ስለኦነግ ማወቅ ብቻ ሳይሆን ለአስር አመት ተኩል መታሰሬ ዋናው ምክንያት ኦነግና የኦሮሞ ጉዳይ ስለነበር  ምክር መሰጠቴ ከዚህ ተመክሮ የሚመጣ ነበር። ከኔ በላይ ስለኦነግ በገለልተትኝነት ማውቅ “ላሳር ነው!” የሚባለው አይነት መሆኑ ነበር።አሳሩን ቀምሻለሁና!!

ይህ የኦሮሞ ባንዲራ ካለተውለበለበልኝ አልመረቅም ብሏል የተባለው የሌንጮ ባቲ ወንድም፤አምቦ ባቲ፣ ነገር ገርሞኝ እዚያው  Facebook  ላይ” ነገሩ ለካ እዚህም ደርሷል እንዴ!” በሚል ትንሽ አስተያየት ሰጠሁ። ይህ ዛሬ በሐይማኖትም ሆነ በሀገር፤በብሔረሰብ ሽፋን በመላው ዓለም የተፈለፈሉትን ጽንፈኞች፤በተለይም ፈንጅ ታጠቀው ራሳቸውንም ሌላውንም የሚያጠፉትን ወጣቶች አስታውሶኝ መሆን አለበት። ፖለቲካ ማለት የመቻቻል ጥበብ ነው” The Art of Compromise የሚባለው ቀርቶ የመጥፊያ፤የማጥፊያና የመጠፋፊያ መሳሪያ መሆኑ እያሳዘነኝም እየደነቀኝም “ለመሆኑ  እንዴትእዚህ ደርስን!?” ከሚልም ነበር።

ከዚያ ወረዱብኝ! ተራ ዘለፋና ስድብ ነው። እኔ ኢትዮጵያዊ ብቻ ሳይሆን ሰው የሆነ ሰው ሁሉ ጸያፍ ቃል ሲሰንዘር የሰቀጥጠኛል።እዚህ አሜሪካኖቹን እንኳን ስንት ጊዜ  Mind Your Language እላለሁ። “ቃላቶችን ልብ በላቸው !”ለማለት ነው። እኛ ቤት እንኳን ጸያፍ ቃል ከአፋችን ሊወጣ ባለጌ ናቸው ከሚባሉ ልጆች ጋር ከታየን እንወገራታለን። ከማቱኬ አጆ ጋር ቀልድ የለም። “አሳዳጊ የበደለው ታሰኙኛላችህ!” ነው ዋናው መልእክትዋ።ይህንኑ ይኸው ከልጆችዋ ለልጅ ልጆችዋ አድርሰናል። ታዲያ ይህንን መሕበራዊ ገጽ ላይ የማየውን ጸያፍ ቃላት ስታዘብ ያ አሳዳጊ የበደለው!”ዛሬ ጥዋት የተባለ መስሎ ብልጭ ይልብኛል።ይልልኛል!

ቢቸግረው መሰለኝ ወዳጄ፤አቶ ፈቃደ ሸዋቀና መልስ ሰጠ ።ያ መልስም ይኸው:-

Fekade Shewakena Why do we employ so much vitriol even if the issue may be contentious and emotional. It doesn’t help anybody. Let’s read what Ato Assefa Chabo is going to write. We will all read and judge his views and write back to him if we don’t agree with him. Some of you like Macaaf Tuulema and Tolessa Gosomssa above should be ashamed of yourselves for the kind of language you use in this discussion. Even the most sacred of your beliefs can be questioned. You may have to respond calmly so that the rest of us who have no knowledge could learn

 

ገባ ተብሎ ሲታይ

Facebook ላይ መልስና አስተያየት ከሰጡት ሰዎች ውስጥ አንዱ በፈቃዱ ሞረዳ ነበር። በፈቃዱን በስም አውቀዋለሁ። የሚጽፈውንም የሚገጥመውንም አነበላህ። በፈቃዱ የጻፈውን እንዳለ እዚሁ ልለጥፍ:-

Befekadu Moroda አቶ አሰፋ…እንዴትም ይሁን ለምን ፣ስለኦሮሞ ማሰብዎ/መጠበብዎ ለእኔ ችግር የለዉም፡፡ እንዲያዉም ከዚህ የበለጠ እንዲያሳስብዎትና እንዲያናግርዎት ነዉ ፀሎቴ፡፡ የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ በቅጡ የሚጠቀምበት ከሆነ የወዳጁም ሆነ የጠላቱ ሐሳብ ያስፈልገዋል፡፡ይጠቅመዋልም፡፡እርስዎ ኦሮሞን እንዴትም ይጥሩት ዋናዉ ቁምነገር ‹‹ እንደዚያ›› የሚባል የራሱ ታሪክ፣ ባሕል፣እምነት፣ ቋንቋ፣ ማኅበራዊ ስነልቦና በአጠቃላይ እርሱን ከሌሎች የሚለዩት፣ እንዱሁም የሚያመሳስሉት የተከበረ ማንነት ያለዉ ሕዝብ መኖሩን ማወቁ ላይ ነዉ፡፡ ተወደደም፣ ተጠላም፡፡
ስለእርስዎ ሳስብ ሁሌም ወደአእምሮዬ የሚመጣዉ ጥያቄ ‹‹ አቶ አሰፋ ስለኦሮሞ ያሰቡትን፣የተናገሩትን፣የፃፉትን ያህል ስለጋሞ ግድ ብሏቸዉ ያዉቃል? ›› የሚል ነዉ፡፡ ጋሞ ዛሬ በአደባባይ ልነገርለት የሚገባ ችግር የለዉ ይሆን? ይህን ችግሩን የሚናገርለትስ ልጅ አልወለደ ይሆን;? ተስፋ አደርጋለሁ፤ እግዜር ከሰጠዎት ዕድሜ በቀረዎት ጊዜ ስለጋሞ ሕዝብ ብዙ የማናዉቃቸዉን ሀቆች ፅፈዉ ለታሪክ ትተዉ ያልፉ ይሆናል፡፡

የበፈቃዱ አስተያየት ብዙ አንድምታ ያለው ይመስለኛል። አንድምታው “ኦሮሞን ለቀቅ አድርገህ ለምን ስለጋሞ አትጽጥፍም!” ሚል ነው። የዚህ አይነት አስተያየት በመጠኑ በየጊዘው ይደረሰኛል። ባለፈው ሰሞን አንድ “ግዕዝን ለቀቅ አድርገህ ጨንቻ ላይ ብታቶኩር አይሻልም!??” የሚል ሁለት የጥያቄ ምልክት ያለበት ነበር። ከኦሮሞዎች አካባቢ ከዘለፋው ሌላ “ስለኦሮሞ አንተ ምን አገባህ ?”የሚል ተደጋጋሚ አገኛለህ። አንድ ሌላ የማውቀው ሰው አሁንማ ሙሴ ሆንክላቸው!” አለኝ። “ለማን?” ብለው” አማራና ነፍጠኛና ባህሩን አሸገርካቸው!” አለኝ። “ወደተስፋይቱ፣ ቃል ወደተገባላቸው አገር አሻግሬ ከሆነ ጥሩ ነው!” ብዬ አለፍኩት። የአማራና የነፍጠኛ ደጋፊ ነህ ለማለት መሆኑ ነው።

እዚህ ግልጽ እንዲሆን የሚያስፈልግ መሠረታዊ ነጥብ ያለ ይመስለኛል።እኔ ስለማን ፣ስለምን እንደምጽፍ፤መጻፍ እንደሚገባኝ ፤እንደማይገባኝ ሊነገረኝ ፣ሊያዘኝ የሚችል ሰው በዚህ ምድር ላይ የለም። ይህ መሠረታዊ ፤ሰበአዊ መብቴ ነው። የኔ ብቻ ሳይሆን የማንኛችንም፤የሁላችንም መሠረታዊና ሰብአዊ መብት ነው። ስለዚህ ያ ለውይይት የሚቀርብ አይደለም!

ሌላው፣ በኦሮሞ፤በአማራ በጋሞ፤ብሎም በማንኛቸውም የሰው ዘር ላይ የተለይ የግል መብት(Monopoly) ያለው፤”እዚህ ድርሽ እንዳትል!” የሚል የለም!ሊኖርም አይገባም!! ብዙ ጊዜ እንዳልኩት፣ “ማንም ሰው ደሴት አይደለም!” ተያይዘን፤ተቆላልፈን ፤ተነባብርን የምንኖርና የምንጓዝም ነን ። የትም ይኑር የትም የአንድ ሰው ደስታው ደስታዬ ነው፤ሕመሙም ህመሜ ነው።  ፈረንጅ We’re in This Together“የሚል  ዘፈንም አለ።በዚህ መለኪያ ነው የምኖረው! የምጽፈውም!

ይህን ካልኩ በኋላ በፈቃዱ ሞረዳ ስለአነሳውና ስለሰጠሁት መልስ ሊህድበት። ”መጽሐፌንየትዝታ ፈለግ” አላነበብክ እንደሁ እባክህ አንብበው።ምእራፍ አስር” የዶርዜ ማርያም”፤ምእራፍ አስራ ሰባት የፈሩት ይደርሳል”፤ምእራፍ ሀያ ስምንት ፤”እንደዶርዜ እህቶቼ”፤”የትዝታ ፈለገ ፱” ስለቀኛዝማች ኢልታሞ ኢቻ የተጻፈው ስለጋሞ ነው።

አውስትራሊያ፤ካሳሁን ሰቦቃ በሚያዘጋጀው SBS የራዲዮ ቃለ መጠየቅ ስለጋሞ ሰፋ ያለ አስተያየት ሰጥቼ ነበር።እዚያ ውስጥ” እንደኔ እንደኔ መላው የኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ  እንደጋሞ ቢሆንልኝ ደስታውን አልቸለውም ነበር!” የሚልም አለበት። ከያሬድ ጥበቡ ጋር “መወያየትመልካም”ፕሮግራሙባደርኩት ቃለ መጠየቅ ስለጨንቻ በሰፍፊው አውግቼ ነበር። በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ጨንቻን የሚስተካከል ከተማ ቢኖር አዲስ አበባ ናዝሬት ብቻ ይመስለኛልም ብያለህ። “ዜናሁ ለጋላ “ስለተጻፈበት ብርብር ማርያም  በዩሱፍ ያሲን “ማንነት .. “መጽሐፍ ግምገማ  በሰፊው ጽፌ ነበር። ይህ ሁሉ Facebook በድረገጾችም በ አዲስ አድማስም ወቷል” የሚል ነው።

ሁለት ነገር! አንደኛ ይህ  ስለእኔ አስተያየት ለምን  ተሰጠ የሚል አይደለም። ወድጄ ፈቅጅ የአደባባይ ሰው”  ሆኛለሁና  ያ “የሕዝብ ንብረት” ያደርግኛልና፣ ማንም ሰው ሊተቸኝ፣ ሊያርመኝ፣ ሊነቅፈኝ፤ ሊያስተካክለኝ መብቱ ነው።

ሁለተኛው ግን” መረጃ ሙሉ ሰው ያደርጋል!” የሚሉት ነው። ስለእኔ ለመጻፍ፤ የጻፍኩትም፤ የተጻፈልኝም፤የተጻፈብኝም፤የተገጠመልኝም እዚያው አደባባይ ላይ ሞልቶ ተርፏል። Google የማድርግ ጉዳይ ብቻ ይመስለኛል። በዚህ፤ አደባባይ ያለ ማስረጃ ሳያዩ ወይም ሳያስተውሉ ቀርተው ለምሳሌ ያክል  ስለጋሞ አትናገርም ማለት ከጭብጡ ወጭ ይመስለኛል። እውነት አይደለምና! እውነቱ ተመዝግቦ ተቀምጧልና!

እገሌ፣እነእገሌ መንደራቸው የት ነው!”ብዬ አይደለም የምጽፈው። ለዚህ ማስረጃ እዚያዉ “የ ትዝታ ፈ ለ ግ ውስጥ ይገኛል።ምእራፍ ሁለት “በግ ካራጁ ጋር..” ስለጎንደሬው ዶክተር ካሳሁን መከተ፤ምእራፍ ስድስት “የኔይቱ ጀግና”  ስለዘውዲቱ አስማረ ነው። ዘውዲቱ  ዎሎዬ ነች።ምእራፍ አስራ ስድስት “በማተቡ ይዳኝ “ ወዳጄና ጓደኛዬም ስለነበረው ሰለኮሎኔል ደበላ ዲናሳ ነው።፣ ደበላ ደግሞ ኦሮሞ ነው።ምእራፍ ሶሰት “ልብ ያለው ልብ ይበለው”  ስለረዘነ ወልዱና  ስለወይናይ ነው።ኤርትራዊያን ናቸው። ብቻ ከተነሳ አይቀር ብዬ እንጅ በምጽፈው “ከየት መንደር መጣ!?” የሚል መመዘኛ የለኝም። ሰው መሆኑና፤በኔ ግምት ሊነገር የሚገባው ነገር አለ ብሎ ማመን በቂየ ነው። እንዲያ የሚያዩ ደግሞእኔን ወደዚያ ለመጎተት መሞሩ  ጥሩ አይመስለኝም። በዚህ ዕድሜዬ “አዲስ አሰፋ!” አልሆን ነገር!

ወደ ባንዲራው

ሶስትነጥቦችአንስቼ ባጠቃልል የሚሻልይመስለኛል

አንደኛው የኦሮሞ ባንዲራ የተባለው የኦነግ ባንዲራ ነው። “ከፍተን ብናየው!ሻአቢያና የኦነግ መስተፋቅር” በሚል የጻፍኩት በየድረገጾች ላይ ከመውጣቱም ሌላ በFacebookና በአዲስ አድማስም ላይ አዲስ አበባ ታትሟል። የወጣው በNovember 26,2016ነበር። አንድ ሰው በራዲዮ አንብቦትና በUtube ሆኖ ድረገጾች ላይ ተለጥፏል። ይህንን በራዲዩ የተነበበውን ዛሬ ጥዋት ድረስ 154,000ህ ሰው አድምጦታል።ይህ አዲስ አድማስ ፤Facebookና  በየድረገጾች ላይ ያነበቡትን ሳይጨምር ማለት ነው።

በዚህ “ከፍተን ብናየው..”ጽሁፍ ላይ ኦነግን ከውልደቱ ጀምሮ አንስቻለሁ። ሳጠቃልልም” ያንን ታላቁንና ገራገሩን የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ሥም ተሸከመው ሕዝቡን የሻንጫ ተሸካሚ ተምሳሌት ማድረግ የለባቸውም!” የሚል ነበር። የሚያሳፍርና ሊያፍሩበትም ይገባልም ብያለህው።

የኦነግ መሪዎች ወንጀለኞችም ናቸው ብያለሁ። ለማስረጃ ያቀርብኩት ሁለት ብቻ ነበር።አንደኛው ከሻአቢያ ጋር ሆነው አሶሳ በሰፋራ ሰፈር የነበሩትን ኢትዮጵያውያን በጥይትና በእሳት ማጋየታቸው ነበር። ሌላው የኦነግ ተዋጊ ወታደር ነው ያሉትን የወይኔ/የሻአቢያ ሽንጣ ተሸክመው አዲስ አበባ እንደገቡ ወያኔ “ወታደር ካምፕ አስገቡ!’ ብሎ ሲያዛቸው አስገቡ። “ድርሻችሁን ጨርሳችኋልን ከዚች ኢትዮጵያ ከምትባለው አገር ልቀቁ ወይም ወህኒ ውረዱ!” ብሎ ለኦነግ መሪዎች ትእዛዝ ሲሰጥ ከአገር ወጡ። እነዚህ ወታደር ካምፕ የገቡ የኦሮሞ ልጆች ወደ ወህኒ ወረዱ። እስከዛሬ ስለነዚህም ሆነ በብዙ ሽህ  ለሚቆጠሩ በኦነግ ሰበብ-አስባብ ለሚሰቃዩ  ትንፍሽ ያለ የኦነግ መሪ፤ተከታይ ወይም ጭፍራ የለም።ከነዚህ ፤በኔ ላይ ዘለፋ በሚያወርዱትም ሆነ በሌንጮ ባቲ ወይም በበፈቃዱ ሞረዳ ለዚህ ጉዳይ የተሰጠ መልስ፤ማስተባቢያ፤መደገፊያ ነገር የለም።

ማንናቸውም ድርጀት፤የንግድ ሆነ የፖለቲካ ሲከስር ይዘጋል። ኦነግ በተግባር ከስሮ ከተዘጋ ቆይቷል። አሁን የተያዘው ሥራ በኦሮሞ ስም ንግድ ነው። እንግዲህ የሌንጮ ባቲ ወንድም፤አምቦ ባቲ፣ መመረቀ አለብኝ የሚለው በዚህ ባንዲራ ጥላ ነው። ጎበዝ!  እይተስተዋለ ቢሆን የሚሻል ይመስለኛል።

 

ሁለተኛው ራስን ፍለጋና ትዝብት!” በሚል ርእስ  ጽፌ ነበር። ያም እላይ በገለጽኳቸው የመገናኛ ዘርፎች ሁሉ  ወቷል። የዚያ ጽሁፍ ምክንያት የሆነው አንድ አንባቢ  በድረ ገጾች በተለጠፈ ጽህፍ ጥያቄ አቅርቦልኝ ስለነበር ነው። አንደኛው ጥያቄ “ወያኔ እንደገባ በጎሳ ድርጀት ስም ምክር ቤት ገብተሀል” የሚልና ሌላው”ኦነግ እርሶ ቢሮ ነው የተፈለፈው!” የሚል። ለዚህ መልስ ሰፋ ባለ መልኩ ሰጥቼ ነበር።

በጎሳ ድርጀት ሽግግር ምክር ቤት ገበተሀል ለተባለውበጎሳ አይደለም!ኦሞቲክ በሚል ድርጀት ስም ነው” ብዬ ኦሞቲክ ማለት ምን ማለት እንደሆነ አስረዳሁ። በዚያ ሳቢያ የጅማው አባጅፋር ከአጼ ምንሊክ ጦር ጋር 30,000 ወታደር ይዞ ከፋ ፤10,000 ይዞ ወላይታ ዘምቶ እንደነበር፤ጅማ ቤተ መንግስቱ ፤ሔርማታ የባሪያ መሸጫ ገበያ እንደነበረ፤በዚህም ምክንያት ከጋሞ ጭምር አባጅፋር ግማሽ ሚሊዮን ባሪያ እንደነገደ፤ ጅማና ወለጋ የባሪያ ንግዱ አካልና አምሳል መሆናቸውን የሚገልጽ ነበር።በባርነት የተሸጡት ደግሞ በጦርነቱ የተሸነፉት ኦሞቲኮች መሆናቸውንም ገልጫለህ::በዚያ  ጽሁፍ ያት ሆኖ ዛሬ  Facebook ላይ ከየቦታው የተሰባሰቡ ታዳሚዎች ጅማ፣ሔርማታ ላይ ለነዚህ አባጅፋር ተፈንግለው ለተሸጡት መታሳቢያ ሐውልትና ቤተመዘክር ለማቋቋም በመነጋገር ላይ ናቸው።እኔንምሊቀመንበር ሁንልን ብለዋል።

ለዚህ በኦሮሞና ዛሬ የኦሮሞ ምድር በሆነው ለተፈጸመው ኢሰብአዊ ድርጊት ከነዚህ ለኦሮሞ ነፃነት እንታገላለን ካሉት ውስጥ ትንፍሽ ያለም የለም። ኦሮሞ ሰው ነው! እነዚህ የተነቀሉትና የተፈነገሉት ሰዎች ነበሩ! የሰውን ዘር ሁሉ የማይጨምር ነጻነት የሚል ቃል ያለ አገባብና ያለቦታው የዋለ ፤በውስጡ የተደበቀ ሌላ ተልእኮ ያለው  ይመስለኛል!

ሁለተኛው በዚሁ ጥያቀ ሳቢያ ኦነግ የነበረው ፤እኔአነው ለጋሞ ጎፋ ዋና አስተዳዳሪነት ያሾምኩት ፤መኮንንገላን፣ደምሴ ደሬሳ ከሚባል የደርግ አባልል ጋር ሆኖ ጋሞ ጎፋን ከጋሞ ጎፋ ተውወላጆች አጽድቶ በኦሮሞ ሲተካ እንደነበረም ገልጫለህ።ከዚህም ሌላ ኦነግን እኔንና ትንሽ ወንድሜን እስራት ፤ታላቅ ወንድማችንን ወደጦር ሜዳ በማመላክ ቤታችንን ያለተጠሪና ጧሪ አስቀርቶ አንደነበር ገልጫለህ። ከመንግስቱ ኃይለማርያም ጋር ለመጨረሻ ጊዜ ፊት ለፊት እንድንቆራረጥ ያደርገው አብዩ ገለታ ፤ዶክተር ታደስ ቀነዓ የሚባል ሰው እንዳስፈታ ለጠየቀኝ መንግስቱ ጋር ቀርቤ በነበረበት ጊዜ ነበር።

የዛሬ ሁለት አመት ገደማ ይመስለለኛናል ዋሽንግተን ዲሲ በኢሳት ተለቨዥን ቃለ መጠይቅ ሳደርግ ይህንኑ አንስቼ ነበር። ከዚህም በላይ ለጋዜጠኛው ሲሳይ አጌና እባክህን እነዚህ የኦነግ መሪዎች የሚባሉት እዚሁ አሜሪካ ስለሚገኙ ጛጋብዘህ የልኩትን እአንዲያምኑ ወይም እንዲያስተባብሉ አድርግም ብዬ ነበር። የኢብሳ ጉተማ ስልክ ቁጥር ስለነበረኝር ለሲሳይ አጌና የስልክ ቁጥሩንም ሰጠተሁኝ። ሲሳይደውሎ ለመቅረብ ፈቃደኛ አልሆንምብሎ።

ዛሬም የኦነግ መሥራችና መሪዎች ነን የሚሉ፤ አብዩ ገለታ፤ኢብሳ ጉተማ፤ መኮንን ገላንና ሌንጮ ባቲ ከጨለማ ተገን ወጥተው በአደባባይ ቢያስተባብሉኝ ወይም አምነው ቢቀበሉ በብርቱ የምንማማርበት ይመስለኛል።

ዘለፋዎችን በመሠረቱ የቀሰቀሰው መነሻ ምክንያት ምን እንደሆነ የገልጽኩ አልመስለኝም። ዛሬ በኢትዮጵያ ላይ አንዣቦ በሚታየው ፖለቲካ ላይ የተለያዩ መጻጽፎች ላለፈው ሶስት ወራቶች ለማቀረብ እየሞከርኩ ነው።  ሁለት ይቀሩኛል። አንደኛው ያጋር ቤታችን !ቅርሳችንና ውርሳችን!” የሚለና ሌላው ዝም ብንል ብናደባ ..”በሚል ረስ ይሆናል።” የጋራ ቤታችን…” የሚለው አሁን ቢያንስ በማሕበራዊ ገጾች በተለየም ዲያስፖራ በሚባለው መድርኩን ያጣበበውን በ አማራና ኦሮሞ ስም የሚደረገውን የተዘጋ ዶሴ (Dead File)ለመክፈት የሚደረገውን መራወጥ ለመዳሰስ ነው።”ዝም ብንል..” ደግሞ “እንዲያው በዚህ ሁሉ መራኮት ውስጥ የደቡቡ ኢትዮጵያዊው ኢትዮጵያን እንዴት ሲረዳት ኖረ? አሁንስ እንዴት ያያታል?” የሚለውን ለመቃኘት ነው። የጥሬቴ ነገር-ዓለሙ ይህን ካደረኩ፤በኔ አስተያየት፣መሐል መንገድ ላይ ያተኮረ ፤ኢትዮጵያን ያማከለ ውይይት ይፈጥራል የሚል እምነትና ተስፋ ነው።”እኔም የድርሻዬን!” ለማለት ነው። ሁላችንም ድርሻ ድርሻ አለንና!

“ያጋራ ቤታችንን”  ጨርሼ በ10 ቀን ውስጥ አደባባይ አዋጣለሁ። አማራና ኦሮሞ የሚመለከት ነው የሚል  Facebook  ላይና ሌላም ቦታ ጠቃቀስኮ። ይህ እርግማንና ዘለፋ የተጀመረው ገና ባልታየ፤ባልተነበበ ጹሁፍና አስተያየት ላይ ነበር።ያ ነው ይበልጥ የገረመኝ። ከማንውቀው ይሰውረን ማለት ይሆን ? ከምናውቀው ግን ከሸሸነው እውነት ሰውረን ነው? አውቀን የካንደነውን እውነት አታስታውሰን ማለት ይሆን?  ይህንን ደህና ያጧጧፍነውን ሥራና ገበያ ይሻማብናል ማለት ይሆን? ሥራ ያሰኘን በተለየ አንዳንድ ዲያስፖራው ኗዋሪዎች መተደዳደሪያም ወደመሆን የተቃረበ የሚያስመስል ፍንጭ ስለሚታይ ነው። በተፈጠረው የሕዝብ አመጽ ሳቢያ ታዋውቂ ሆነን፤አገር አውቆን ፣ፀሐይ ሞቆን፤ አንቱ የተባልንበትን ልታፈርስብም ነው  የሚል ስጋት ፈጥሮ ይሆን? የሚል መላ ምት ይፈጥራል።

ለማጠቃለል

እኔ የምለውን የምለው “ እገሌ፤እንእገሌ እንዳሉት ብዬ መጽሐፍት ጠቅሼ ነው።መጽሐፍ ካልጠቅስኩ ደግሞ እዚያው አገሪቱ፤ምድሪቱ፤ኢትዮጵያ ላይ የተነጠፈውን ፣ድፍን አገር የሚያውቀውን፣ ፀሐይ ሲሞቀው የኖረውን ማስረጃ ጠቅሼ ነው።በከፊል ልክ ላልሆን እችላለህ! ሙሉ ለሙሉም  ልክ ላልሆን እችላለሁ። ያንን ደግሞ እንዲሁ ታሪክም፤የአይን ምስክርም ፤ምድርቱን ጠይቆና ጠቅሶ ማስተባባል፤ማስተማር ነው።ያ ያባት ነው!  ያ ሲሆን  ነው ወደኋላ ሳይሆንወደፊት የምንጓዘው! ሁለት እርምጃ ወደኋላ ሳይሆን አንድ እርምጃ ወደፊት ይሆናል!

ህግ ውስጥ “ያልተካደ/ያልተስተባባለ ሁሉ እንደታመን ይቆጠራል!” ይላል Silence ammounts to acceptance። ይህም ወደፍትሐብሔር ሕግ ሥነስረዓት ገብቶ “በክሱ ማመልክቻ ላይ የተነሳውን ጭብጥ እያንዳንዱን በግልጥ እመን ወይም አስተባባል “ይላል። ይህ ካለሆነ ዳኛው ወይ እንዳለተካደ/እንደታመነ ቆጥሮ ይፍርዳል። ወይም ኪሳራ ቆርጦ እንዲያስተካክል እድል ይስጣል። ይህን ያነሳሁት እላይ ለጠቀስኳቸው ሳያገለግላል አይቀርም በሚል ነው።

ካህኑ እንደሚለውአውቆ በድፍረት ሳይውቁ በስህተት ከማሳሳት ይሰውረን!”

January 12, 2017

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

አቶ ሃብታሙ አያሌው ለሕክምና አሜሪካ በሰላም ገብቷል

(ሳተናው) – አገራችን ኢትዮጵያ በአሁኑ ወቅት ሰላማዊና ሕጋዊ በሆነ መንገድ ለሚንቀሳቀሱ የፖለቲካ ፓርቲ መሪዎች፣ ለጋዜጠኞች፣ ለብሎገሮችና ለሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች ሲኦል እንደሆነች ነው።ብዙዎች ለአገራቸውና ለሕዝባቸው ሲሉ ከፍተኛ ዋጋ እየከፈሉ ነው። የሕግ ስርዓቱ የበሰብሰ ነው። በአሥር ሺሆች ከሚቆጠሩ ከራሳችው ትቅም ይልቅ የአገርን ጥቅም ካስቀደሙ ታጋዮች መካከል አቶ ሃብታሙ አያሌው አንዱ ነው።

አቶ ሃብታሙ በሕወሃት ሕግ ወጥ በሆነ መንገድ የታገደው፣ አንጋፋ የነበረው የአንድነት ለዲሞክራሲ ለፍትህ ፓርቲ የሕዝብ ግንኙነት ክፍል ሃላፊ የነበረ ሲሆን ፣ ከጥቂት አመታት በፊት በመላው ኢትዮጵያ ሰላማዊ ሰልፎች በማድረግ ህዝብን ማንቀሳቀስ የቻለው የሚሊዮኖች ድምጽ ለነጻነት እንቅስቃሴ ግብረ ኃይል ሰብሳቢም ነበር።በሚሊዮኖች ድምጽ እንቅስቃሴ ወቅትም ነበር ሕወሃት “ሽብርተኛ ነህ” በሚል ሐምሌ ወር 2006 ዓ.ም አቶ ሃብታሙን ወደ ማእከላዊ የቶርቸር ቻምበር አፍኖ የወሰደው።

በማእከላዊ በደረሰበት ኢሰባአዊ ግፍና ቶርቸር ለከፍተኛ ሕመም ተዳረገ። ከሰላሳ ጊዜ በላይ ፍርድ ምልልስ በኋላ፣  ፍርድ ቤቱ ፣ ወደ ዉጭ እንዳይወጣ እገዳ አድርጎ፣ ከወህኒ ዉጭ ሆኖ እንዲከራከር ወሰነ። ሆኖም እስር ቤት እያለ በሕወሃት መርማሪ ነን ባዮች ወንበዴዎች በደረሰበት ትልቅ ጉዳት ለከፍተኛ ሕመም የተዳረገው አቶ ሃብታሙ፣ ራሱን እስኪሰት ድረስ ታሞ ለሆስፒታል ተዳረገ። ሐኪሞች “ከአቅማችን  በላይ ነው” በሚል ወደ ዉጭ ሄዶ እንዲታከም ገለጹ። ፍርድ ቤቱ እገዳዉን እንዲያነሳ ጥያቄ ቀረበለት። ሆኖም ፍርድ ቤቱ እገዳዉን አላነሳም አለ። አቶ ሃብታሙ ሕመሙን ተሸክሞ፣ በእግዚአብሄር እርዳታ፣ አገር ዉስጥ ባሉ ሐኪሞች ክትትልና በማስታገሻዎች እስከአሁን  ቆይቶ፣ በመጨረሻ ፍርድ ቤቱ የቀረበበትን ክስ ዉድቅ በማድረጉ ለሕክምና ዛሬ ጃኑዋሪ 12 ቀን ወደ አሜሪካ ሊመጣ ችሏል።

አቶ ሃብታሙ ወደ ዉጭ ሄዶ እንዳይታከም ተደረጎ በነበረበት ወቅት “እነአቦይ ስብሃት ከዘጠና በላይአመታቸው የክብር ዶክትሬት ሲሰጣቸው እኔ በዚህ ዕድሜዬ የሞት ደብዳቤ ተጽፎልኛል። በእኔ ላይየሚፈርደው ግን እግዚአብሔር ነው። ዝም ብዬ የእግዚአብሔርን ማዳን እጠብቃለሁ” ነበር ያለው። ይኸው እግዚአብሄር ጠበቆ አላፈረም። በርሱ ቸርነት ይኸው ለዚህ በቅቷል።

ለአቶ ሃብታሙ የአሜሪካ ቆይታዉ መልካም እንዲሆን እየተመኘን፣ ፈጣሪ በቶሎ እንዲፈወሰው እንጸልያለን። ኢትዮጵያዊያንም  ከዚህ በፊት ከአቶ ሃብታሙ ጎን እንደነበርን፣ ከዚህም በኋላ ከጎኑ መሆናችንን እንድንቀጥልም ጥሪ እናቀርባለን።

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

ዶ/ር መላኩ ተገኝ፤ ስለ የብሔር ጥያቄ አነሳስና የተማሪዎችን ንቅናቄ ሚና ይናገራሉ

ዶ/ር መላኩ ተገኝ፤ ስለ የብሔር ጥያቄ በኢትዮጵያ አነሳስና የተማሪዎችን ንቅናቄ ሚና አስመልክተው ይናገራሉ። “ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ብሔራዊ ጭቆና እንጂ የብሔር ጭቆና አልነበረም” የሚለውን አተያይ አልጋራም ይላሉ። ዶ/ር መላኩ የቀድሞው የኢትዮጵያ ተማሪዎች ንቅናቄ ተሳታፊና “State and Civil Society, Ethiopia’s Development Challenges” መጽሐፍ ደራሲ ናቸው። SBS Amharic.

“የብሔር ጭቆናን ማየታችን፤ ለማንም ተገንጣይ ጠበቃ መሆን ማለት አይደለም።” – ዶ/ር መላኩ ተገኝ

posted by Gheremew Araghaw

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